Not sure about the weight loss end of the sales pitch however I can tell you this has a great detox or probiotic effect. I train 5 days a week and eat 90/10 clean. At times the amount of fiber in take in will cause issues with my ability to process and pass...anyhow this has helped with bloating and the above noted issue. It has a great light taste, not bitter, nor tasteless. I didn't add any sweetener and loved the taste on its own. Will buy again.
In reviewing studies that followed patients for five to 25 years after weight-loss surgery, Dr. Twells and colleagues found major long-lasting benefits to the patients’ health and quality of life. Matched with comparable patients who did not have surgery, those who did fared much better physically, emotionally and socially. They rated themselves as healthier and were less likely to report problems with mobility, pain, daily activities, social interactions and feelings of depression and anxiety, among other factors that can compromise well-being.

A game to help you lose weight? It's more likely than you think! It's like The Price Is Right for food. The game shows you two similar products, and you guess which one is more nutritious and less fatty. It's surprisingly addictive, but it also teaches you the surprising food tricks that can make for better meals. The next time you go to Quiznos, order a grilled-chicken sub instead of tuna salad, and save yourself 1,000 calories (seriously!). You'll be glad you played.


Because some cancer cells are inefficient in processing ketone bodies for energy, the ketogenic diet has also been suggested as a treatment for cancer.[59][60] A 2018 review looked at the evidence from preclinical and clinical studies of ketogenic diets in cancer therapy. The clinical studies in humans are typically very small, with some providing weak evidence for anti-tumour effect, particularly for glioblastoma, but in other cancers and studies, no anti-tumour effect was seen. Taken together, results from preclinical studies, albeit sometimes contradictory, tend to support an anti-tumor effect rather than a pro-tumor effect of the KD for most solid cancers.[61]
The ketogenic diet is a high-fat, adequate-protein, low-carbohydrate diet that in medicine is used primarily to treat difficult-to-control (refractory) epilepsy in children. The diet forces the body to burn fats rather than carbohydrates. Normally, the carbohydrates contained in food are converted into glucose, which is then transported around the body and is particularly important in fueling brain function. However, if little carbohydrate remains in the diet, the liver converts fat into fatty acids and ketone bodies. The ketone bodies pass into the brain and replace glucose as an energy source. An elevated level of ketone bodies in the blood, a state known as ketosis, leads to a reduction in the frequency of epileptic seizures.[1] Around half of children and young people with epilepsy who have tried some form of this diet saw the number of seizures drop by at least half, and the effect persists even after discontinuing the diet.[2] Some evidence indicates that adults with epilepsy may benefit from the diet, and that a less strict regimen, such as a modified Atkins diet, is similarly effective.[1] Potential side effects may include constipation, high cholesterol, growth slowing, acidosis, and kidney stones.[3]
Gastric bypass surgery, the most common of which is the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass procedure, results in a portion of the stomach being stapled to reduce appetite and food intake. A small stomach pouch is formed, but no portion of the stomach is removed surgically. The top section of the stomach (called the pouch - about the size of an egg or a walnut) is where food is digested. It holds only about one ounce of food.
It seems strange that a diet that calls for more fat can raise “good” cholesterol and lower “bad” cholesterol, but ketogenic diets are linked to just that. It may be because the lower levels of insulin that result from these diets can stop your body from making more cholesterol. That means you’re less likely to have high blood pressure, hardened arteries, heart failure, and other heart conditions. It's unclear, however; how long these effects last.
Several studies have shown that the caffeine and flavonoids in green tea can help elevate your metabolic rate, improve insulin activity and increase fat oxidation. You don't need to drink a lot of green tea for weight loss; benefits have been found by drinking just 2.5 cups a day. Some varieties are better for weight loss than others. Consider the matcha green tea. This rich green tea is an ideal source of antioxidants and nutrients because the whole leaf is ground and consumed as part of the beverage (compared to other green teas where the leaves are steeped and then you consume the tea). It also has weight-loss benefits. Read more about how to drink green tea for weight loss.
Safety Warning This product is intended for healthy adults only. Do not use if you are sensitive to caffeine, pregnant or nursing a baby, or if you have any known or suspected medical conditions. Immediately discontinue use if you experience any negative side effects. This product contains Acetyl-L-Carnitine HCL. This ingredient can potentially cause some side effects including stomach upset, nausea, vomiting, and headache.This product contains caffeine: too much caffeine may cause irritability, nervousness, sleeplessness, nausea, and, occasionally, rapid heart beat. Do not use this product in combination with caffeine from other sources. Always start with 1 capsule to assess tolerance. Do not exceed 1 capsule per serving until tolerance has been assessed. Do not exceed the recommended dosage. Do not use if the safety seal is broken. Warning: For healthy adults only. Consult your physician prior to using this product if you are pregnant, nursing, taking medication, or have a medical condition. Do not use if seal is broken. If you experience discomfort, discontinue use and contact us for a full refund. Contains caffeine: too much caffeine may cause nervousness, irritability, sleeplessness, and, occasionally, rapid heartbeat, dizziness, nausea, jitteriness, stomach pain, vomiting or feeling of sickness. Keep this product and all supplements out of reach of children. This thermogenic pill for women is only for use by healthy adults. Do not use this product if bottle is open or damaged or safety seal has been compromised. Do not use this product if you are sensitive to caffeine, or pregnant or nursing a baby. Do not use this product if you have any known or suspected medical conditions. Immediately stop use of this product if you experience any negative side effects or issues. Be advised this product contains caffeine and too much caffeine may result in irritability, nervousness, nauseam, sleeplessness, and, sometimes, a rapid heart beat. Do not use this product if also using other products with caffeine. Always begin trying this product with 1 capsule to assess your personal body tolerance of the product. Do not exceed 1 capsule per serving unless you have adequately assessed your own tolerance. Do not exceed the recommended dosage of this product. Do not use the product if the safety seal is broken. For use by healthy adults age 18 and older. This product is intended for healthy adults only. Do not use if you are pregnant or nursing a baby, or if you have any known or suspected medical conditions. Immediately discontinue use if you experience any negative side effects. Always start with one capsule to assess tolerance. Do not exceed the recommended dosage. Do not use if the safety seal is broken. This product is intended for healthy adults only. Do not use if you are pregnant or nursing a baby, or if you have any known or suspected medical conditions. Immediately discontinue use if you experience any negative side effects. Always start with one capsule to assess tolerance. Do not exceed the recommended dosage. Do not use if the safety seal is broken LEANMODE is stimulant free and therefore does not contain caffeine or stimulant ingredients that would cause jitters. However, when you are on a calorie restricted diet and exercise plan, jitters may occur due to other stimulant sources in your diet such caffeine in coffee, energy drinks, soft drinks (diet and regular), and other supplements, or due to dietary changes not related to LEANMODE consumption. General Dieting Issues to Keep in Mind: Stomach Upset: For some people, taking supplements on an empty stomach can lead to stomach upset/feelings of nausea. If this occurs, take supplements, including LEANMODE with food. Also, combining multiple supplements at one time may also cause stomach upset. If so, space your supplements out with food. Taking any supplements immediately before exercising may also create stomach upset in some people. If this occurs, take an hour before with food. Also, working with a nutritionist may help create an effective diet plan as dietary changes in reducing calories or changing food type can lead to headaches, and cramps in some people. Stay Hydrated! When dieting it is essential you stay hydrated, especially when increasing exercise level as dehydration can lead to dizziness and headaches.
Detox teas are teas blended with some extra herbs that claim to help you cleanse your body and shed unwanted fat. The ingredients vary from brand to brand (DetoxMe, Teami, and SkinnyFit are three popular ones), but generally, you’ll get a mix of tea leaves, like green, black, or oolong, plus other plants and herbs that are touted for their ability to help you de-bloat and drop pounds. Often you’ll find tea blends with dandelion root, peppermint, yerba mate, ginger, lime leaf extract, and senna leaf.
It starts with limiting carbohydrate intake to just 20–30 net grams per day. “Net carbs” describes the amount of carbs remaining once dietary fiber is taken into account. Because fiber is indigestible once consumed, simply don’t count grams of fiber toward their daily carb allotment. So that means subtracting grams of fiber from total carb games, to give you the total net carbs.
You really can’t go wrong with the MyFitnessPal app, which offers a whole lot of bang for its totally free buck. Sure, there’s in-depth calorie tracking (it has one of the largest databases of food around, coming in at a whopping 6 million items) but it also outshines other apps when it comes to understanding how the portions of food you eat each day stack up in comparison to one another.

We strive to be fully transparent in all of our relationships. To that end, we want you to be aware that AddictionCenter is compensated by Delphi Behavioral Health Group for the work AddictionCenter does in the development and operation of this site. Delphi Behavioral Health Group was carefully vetted and selected to be a trusted provider and partner with AddictionCenter, based on the quality of treatment that Delphi provides and their rigorous commitment to ethical practices. Learn more about why Delphi Behavioral Health Group is a trusted provider with AddictionCenter.
Bored yet? It’s okay—calorie-counting can be a real drag. I mean, who wants to do math after (or before) meals? That’s where an app that tracks calories for you really comes in handy. Input what you ate (or plan to eat) and let the app do all the calculations for you. For an app that lets you set a goal, track daily food and exercise, and connect to other fitness apps for comprehensive metrics, registered and licensed dietician Allison Childress, Ph.D., recommends Lose It!.
Rooibos tea is made from the leaves of the "red bush" plant, grown exclusively in the small Cederberg region of South Africa, near Cape Town. What makes rooibos tea particularly good for your belly is a unique and powerful flavanoid called Aspalathin. Research shows this compound can reduce stress hormones that trigger hunger and fat storage and are linked to hypertension, metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular disease, insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Yup, sometimes the kettle can be as effective as the kettlebell.
Losing weight is a pain in the rear end. However, it’s also one of the healthiest things that overweight people can do. Doctor’s recommend it, health experts recommend it, and your body prefers being its normal size. Science has progressed a lot over the last two decades. Ironically, the best methods to lose weight haven’t changed hardly at all. Exercising, eating right, and watching your caloric intake are the best methods for weight loss. Obviously, your phone can’t do those things for you. Thankfully, there are a ton of apps (and even games!) that can help you keep track of your calories, put together a workout plan, and get your butt off of your couch and active more often. Here are the best weight loss apps for Android!
These plant-derived laxatives stimulate your GI tract to help move things along. However, since the FDA doesn't oversee dietary supplements like pharmaceutical products, there’s no guarantee that the sourcing of ingredients is safe or that the product works the way it claims to. There are more instances of adverse health effects and liver damage than there are of some miracle "cure" or vital organ rejuvenation found from drinking them!
If "lose weight" is one of your new year's resolutions, it's time to put your money where your mouth is — and maybe even earn some cash while you're at it. All you have to do is join a game, some of which are hosted by celebrity fitness trainers (like Erin Oprea, who trains country singers Carrie Underwood and Kelsea Ballerini). From there, you place a bet on how likely you are to hit your weekly step goal, and your money is pooled with others who have joined the game. The app tracks your progress through Fitbit, Garmin, Apple Watch, or Apple Health on your iPhone, and whoever completes their challenge gets a cut of the cash.
* Disclaimers: Content: The information contained in this website is provided for general information purposes and your specific results may vary depending on a variety of circumstances. It is not intended as nor should be relied upon as medical advice. Rather, it is designed to support, not replace, the relationship that exists between a patient/site visitor and his/her existing physician(s). Before you use any of the information provided in the site, you should seek the advice of a qualified medical, dietary, fitness or other appropriate professional. Advertising: Bariatric Surgery Source, LLC has entered into referral and advertising arrangements with certain medical practices, original equipment manufacturers, and financial companies under which we receive compensation (in the form of flat fees per qualifying action) when you click on links to our partners and/or submit information. This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply. Read More
I have great respect for Harvard Medical School. I notice that they support their readers posting comments and I am most appreciative of the article and all the many thoughtful comments by the readers. The readers seem to have the most expertise here and I hope that the doctor who wrote the article will think long and hard about the comments by readers. After 35 years of clinical practice in mental health, I notice that all issues of emotion involve medical issues, nutrition, and the gut bacteria. I would say that these issues and all of the executive brain functions seem to improve with ketogenic principles. For those that apply it in a flexible and smart manner, it appears to improve every area of their lives. I strongly encourage the author of the article to take one class via The Institute for Functional Medicine. If he is open to more learning he can take more classes and get certified. I’m sure a fine doctor, he will be an even better doctor and personally healthier, if he gets more training. Are we all open to new learning(especially us healthcare providers)?

Weight loss is the primary reason my patients use the ketogenic diet. Previous research shows good evidence of a faster weight loss when patients go on a ketogenic or very low carbohydrate diet compared to participants on a more traditional low-fat diet, or even a Mediterranean diet. However, that difference in weight loss seems to disappear over time.

You Are Your Own Gym is an app that is based on the popular book by Mark Lauren. The app itself includes over 200 exercises that you can do. Most of which don't include any special equipment. That makes this a great app for beginners who don't have the funds to build a home gym or the funds to go to a gym. You can also purchase various add-ons for other exercises and video content. The app itself is $4.99 and the add-ons vary in price. However, it's a very solid way to get off the couch and start working out. It also includes workout videos for people who have equipment, so it's a neat little way to start investing in a new home gym. You can add on equipment and then add on new exercises in the app.
About 85 percent of patients who undergo Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (RNYGB) surgery will experience extreme bouts of diarrhea known as dumping syndrome at some point post-surgery, according to The American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery (ASMBS). It's usually the result of poor food choices (including refined sugars, fried foods, and some fats or dairy), and can have mild-to-severe symptoms that also include sweating, flushing, lightheadedness, desire to lie down, nausea, cramping, and active audible bowels sounds. Sound like a nightmare? Unfortunately, that's not all: Loose stools, constipation, and embarrassing gas (or as experts refer to it, malodorus flatus) are other common bowel-related complaints after surgery.
Overweight individuals with metabolic syndrome, insulin resistance, and type 2 diabetes are likely to see improvements in the clinical markers of disease risk with a well-formulated very-low-carbohydrate diet. Glucose control improves due to less glucose introduction and improved insulin sensitivity. In addition to reducing weight, especially truncal obesity and insulin resistance, low-carb diets also may help improve blood pressure, blood glucose regulation, triglycerides, and HDL cholesterol levels. However, LDL cholesterol may increase on this diet.

Brittany, who lives in California, wasn’t on a low-carb diet or trendy mindfulness plan. Instead, she'd started taking diet pills: phentermine, to be exact, a prescription stimulant and appetite suppressant that she’d heard would help her drop a few sizes effortlessly. “My family doctor gave me a three-month prescription,” she says. “I was a little nervous about the side effects—I had read that it wasn’t great for your heart—but my excitement to lose weight trumped all those anxieties.”
I am sharing my experience, Myself and my husband used Brain Diet weight loss guide it helped us to reduce more than 16 kg within few weeks, It’s working for both men & women. It’s really awesome one!!! No words to say about it. Most of the people using this product for natural fast weight loss refer the product here: http://weightlossin3weeks.com/weight-loss

Would highly recommend listening to Tim Noakes and his trail in Cape Town – he was pretty much the trigger for me to switch to LCHF and now I am starting to educate myself on what I need to follow a path that works for me. The information on Verta is giving me more information to enable me to ask my Dr for what I want – I know this will be an uphill battle and this information will help me avoid getting railroaded into the so called norms. It also give the Dr a way out because then I am asking him to help me go down a certain path that he is not responsible for recommending if it bucks the system.
Now, there’s even evidence that a low-carb, high-fat regimen (as the keto diet is) helps you live longer, compared to a low-fat diet. In a study by the medical journal The Lancet that studied more than 135,000 adults from 18 countries, high carbohydrate intake was associated with higher risk of total mortality, whereas total fat and individual types of fat were related to lower total mortality. Total fat and types of fat were not associated with cardiovascular disease, myocardial infarction or cardiovascular disease mortality.
^ Ketogenic "eggnog" is used during induction and is a drink with the required ketogenic ratio. For example, a 4:1 ratio eggnog would contain 60 g of 36% heavy whipping cream, 25 g pasteurised raw egg, saccharin and vanilla flavour. This contains 245 kcal (1,025 kJ), 4 g protein, 2 g carbohydrate and 24 g fat (24:6 = 4:1).[17] The eggnog may also be cooked to make a custard, or frozen to make ice cream.[37]
Most condiments below range from 0.5–2 net carb grams per 1–2 tablespoon serving. Check ingredient labels to make sure added sugar is not included, which will increase net carbs. (Stevia and erythritol will become your go-to sweeteners because neither raise your blood sugar — combine for a more natural sweet taste and, remember, a little goes a long way!)
First reported in 2003, the idea of using a form of the Atkins diet to treat epilepsy came about after parents and patients discovered that the induction phase of the Atkins diet controlled seizures. The ketogenic diet team at Johns Hopkins Hospital modified the Atkins diet by removing the aim of achieving weight loss, extending the induction phase indefinitely, and specifically encouraging fat consumption. Compared with the ketogenic diet, the modified Atkins diet (MAD) places no limit on calories or protein, and the lower overall ketogenic ratio (about 1:1) does not need to be consistently maintained by all meals of the day. The MAD does not begin with a fast or with a stay in hospital and requires less dietitian support than the ketogenic diet. Carbohydrates are initially limited to 10 g per day in children or 20 g per day in adults, and are increased to 20–30 g per day after a month or so, depending on the effect on seizure control or tolerance of the restrictions. Like the ketogenic diet, the MAD requires vitamin and mineral supplements and children are carefully and periodically monitored at outpatient clinics.[48]

“I recommend Interval Timer because it allows you to program the timer to match your workout so you don't have to worry about counting the seconds on the clock. Instead, all you have to do it plug in your earbuds and stop every time the phone buzzes,” Alena Luciani, C.S.C.S., founder of Training2xl, explains. So, for example, if you're doing a Tabata sequence of 20 seconds on with 10 seconds rest for four minutes, you can program that in and the app will buzz when you're meant to switch from your high to low interval and back again.


Thanks for the note! I think it can be tough really understanding for health apps. I’m also a fan of Lose It, it’s great for creating a healthy meal plan. Health and fitness apps for mobile apps are essential, especially in today’s fast time as these fitness apps help substantially in keeping the track of our health and fitness level https://goo.gl/08p47p

Drink this tasty red tea and in only 14 days from now, you'll have kick-started your natural fat-burning system into overdrive, turning your body into a calorie burning machine. The amazing part is I've lost 37lbs of my stomach fat on this Red Tea. You'll look in the mirror and, for the first time in years, you'll see a big, unstoppable smile.https://african-red-tea.blogspot.com
A 3-day or 3-week teatox program cannot yield permanent results that are beneficial. You may lose water weight, but if you are, that may indicate that you’re losing a significant amount of electrolytes. Electrolytes help with muscle and nerve function, therefore impacting every organ system in your body. You may not notice an electrolyte imbalance until you have a muscle cramp (best case scenario) or cardiac arrest (worst case scenario).

“Bariatric surgery is probably the most effective intervention we have in health care,” says Laurie K. Twells, a clinical epidemiologist at Memorial University of Newfoundland. She bases this bold claim on her experience with seriously obese patients and a detailed analysis of the best studies yet done showing weight-loss surgery’s ability to reverse the often devastating effects of being extremely overweight on health and quality of life.
In another study that involved mice with brain tumors, administration of 65 to 75 percent of the recommended daily calories helped reduce tumor growth by 35 and 65 percent among two different test groups. Total carb consumption was restricted to 30 grams only.14 A different mice study strictly limited carb consumption to 0.2 percent only, which helped reduce the growth of glucose-fermenting tumors.15
Most other apps on this page emphasize tracking, but Charity Miles is all about motivation. For every mile you walk or run during a range of preset workouts, it shoots off a small donation to your choice of 42 different charities—and well, that’s it, really. If you wish, you can also participate in teams. The charities include everything from the ASPCA to The Nature Conservancy, but you’ll never have to pay a dime.
The first modern study of fasting as a treatment for epilepsy was in France in 1911.[12] Twenty epilepsy patients of all ages were "detoxified" by consuming a low-calorie vegetarian diet, combined with periods of fasting and purging. Two benefited enormously, but most failed to maintain compliance with the imposed restrictions. The diet improved the patients' mental capabilities, in contrast to their medication, potassium bromide, which dulled the mind.[13]
You’re very welcome, Judy! I’m glad it’s helpful. If you are keto (as opposed to low carb), unfortunately peaches would not allow you to stay in ketosis. You can check my keto food list to help determine what is keto friendly. Of course, there are worse things than fresh fruit 🙂 but in the end our bodies still see the sugar. That being said, it doesn’t mean you sabotaged the whole day. Just pick up again – you got this!! (And for next time, try some fresh berries in moderation when you’re craving fruit.)
I personally have benefited greatly by drinking weight loss tea. Also known as herbal slimming teas, not only are these easily available, they are super delicious and you really do not have to spend hours making them. Detox teas or teetox as they are popularly known, gently cleanse the system, kick-start slow or sluggish digestion and also help in burning fat.

Your surgeon will use either the open or the laparoscopic surgical method. Laparoscopy leaves smaller scars and tends to have fewer complications and quicker recovery time. For this procedure, the doctor only needs to make several small, "keyhole" cuts. She’ll use a thin, lighted tool, called a laparoscope, that will show what's going on inside on a monitor in the operating room. For open surgery, you'll get an 8- to 10-inch cut on your belly.


Ketone bodies synthesized in the body can be easily utilized for energy production by heart, muscle tissue, and the kidneys. Ketone bodies also can cross the blood-brain barrier to provide an alternative source of energy to the brain. RBCs and the liver do not utilize ketones due to lack of mitochondria and enzyme diaphorase respectively. Ketone body production depends on several factors such as resting basal metabolic rate (BMR), body mass index (BMI), and body fat percentage. Ketone bodies produce more adenosine triphosphate in comparison to glucose, sometimes aptly called a "super fuel." One hundred grams of acetoacetate generates 9400 grams of ATP, and 100 g of beta-hydroxybutyrate yields 10,500 grams of ATP; whereas, 100 grams of glucose produces only 8,700 grams of ATP. This allows the body to maintain efficient fuel production even during a caloric deficit. Ketone bodies also decrease free radical damage and enhance antioxidant capacity.

There are numerous benefits that come with being on keto: from weight loss and increased energy levels to therapeutic medical applications. Most anyone can safely benefit from eating a low-carb, high-fat diet. Below, you’ll find a short list of the benefits you can receive from a ketogenic diet. For a more comprehensive list, you can also read our in-depth article here >
In essence, it is a diet that causes the body to release ketones into the bloodstream. Most cells prefer to use blood sugar, which comes from carbohydrates, as the body’s main source of energy. In the absence of circulating blood sugar from food, we start breaking down stored fat into molecules called ketone bodies (the process is called ketosis). Once you reach ketosis, most cells will use ketone bodies to generate energy until we start eating carbohydrates again. The shift, from using circulating glucose to breaking down stored fat as a source of energy, usually happens over two to four days of eating fewer than 20 to 50 grams of carbohydrates per day. Keep in mind that this is a highly individualized process, and some people need a more restricted diet to start producing enough ketones.
Did you know that the female body has 9 times more Alpha (fat storing) than Beta (fat-burning) receptors? So, every time a Beta receptor tries to release fat, it has to fight 9 Alpha receptors that try to store fat back in. That's why it's so difficult to sculpt the lower body. I really struggled with my pear-shaped body, until i found a way to reduce estrogen dominance. Read my story here ==> https://bit.ly/aboutmyweightloss

How Happy Scale works: Happy Scale monitors how your weight fluctuates over time and uses an algorithm to chart your overall progress. If you’ve ever been discouraged by a weight loss program because you got on the scale and were inexplicably heavier than before you started your diet, this app could help you stay motivated for long-term weight loss. Happy Scale also helps break up your weight loss plan into realistic and achievable goals. You can easily export your data in a single file and import to other devices.
These weight-loss tea leaves are partially oxidized (black teas, for instance, are fully oxidized), lending a smooth, but bold taste to the brew. Happily, they also help boost your body’s ability to metabolize fats, reports a 2009 study from Chinese researchers. When obese and overweight participants consumed oolong for six weeks about two-thirds lost more than 2.2 pounds and 12 percent belly fat. Bonus: They ended the study with healthier cholesterol and triglyceride scores, all adding up to a stronger ticker. (Here are 23 tricks to flatten your belly without exercise.)
Disclaimer: While we work to ensure that product information is correct, on occasion manufacturers may alter their ingredient lists. Actual product packaging and materials may contain more and/or different information than that shown on our Web site. We recommend that you do not solely rely on the information presented and that you always read labels, warnings, and directions before using or consuming a product. For additional information about a product, please contact the manufacturer. Content on this site is for reference purposes and is not intended to substitute for advice given by a physician, pharmacist, or other licensed health-care professional. You should not use this information as self-diagnosis or for treating a health problem or disease. Contact your health-care provider immediately if you suspect that you have a medical problem. Information and statements regarding dietary supplements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease or health condition. Amazon.com assumes no liability for inaccuracies or misstatements about products.
×