Conversely, the term “ketone bodies” refers to 3 very specific molecules: acetone, acetoacetone (or acetoacetic acid), and beta-hydroxybutyrate (or beta-hydroxybutyric acid), shown below, of which only 2 are technically ketones.  (The reason beta-hydroxybutyrate, or B-OHB, is not technically a ketone is that the carbon double-bonded to the oxygen is bonded to an –OH group on one side, technically making B-OHB a carboxylic acid for anyone keeping score.)
I’m following the ketogenic diet and I find it very easy, pleasant and varied. I can even say that my diet today is more varied than the previous one. I do not intend to leave this diet and I cannot really see why. My initial focus was not to lose weight, I’ve always been lean, but to feel better, well disposed. And I got it! I am very pleased, I have read a lot about it (including scientific literature) and I have influenced other people who need to lose weight or improve some aspects of their health. But from the beginning I went on my own way, without the help of a nutritionist because I did not want to suffer the influence of others’ ideas.
Theresa, Thanks so much for your comment! We aren’t sure what you mean though; our recipe above calls for 2 cups (224g) of almond flour, which is the same measurement you mentioned from the brand you use (112g per 1 cup X 2 cups = 224g). It may be helpful to reach out to a particular almond flour manufacturer if you have a product-specific question. We hope this helps and happy keto baking!
Monica, i use NOW psyllium as well but GRIND i t just in case, my lower half is still under cooked at 75 min on 325, but the top half is beautiful. This is my 3rd attempt. I don’t think it is the psyllium powder and the first time i used silicone pan this last time metal. I’m frustrated as I’m throwing away close to 5lbs almond flour for 4th attempt. My pan is standard size loaf pan maybe i should divide mixture into 2 smaller ones. Oh also, the first time I baked it at 375 for 60 min. The 2nd reduced water and psyllium. The 3rd was the first few lines above, still no luck, someone HELP
Oh Maria! Your bread recipe is fabulous! I have been playing around with it a little because the psyllium was a little too much for my gut! Went to 8 TBS of psyllium and added 2 TBS of Jay Robb Protein Isolate powder and a little sweetener (trying to make a yeasty flavor) I also turned it into buns which are easier for my household. I must say they turned out great! I even added caraway seeds to one batch for a rye flavor! I cannot thank you enough for making it so much easier to eat right when you have BREAD, ROLLS and DESSERTS that are fabulous!
^ Jump up to: a b Sinclair, H. M. (1953). "The Diet of Canadian Indians and Eskimos" (PDF). Proceedings of the Nutrition Society. 12 (1): 69–82. doi:10.1079/PNS19530016. ISSN 0029-6651. It is, however, worth noting that according to the customary convention (Woodyatt, 1921 ; Shaffer, 1921) this diet is not ketogenic since the ratio of ketogenic(FA) to ketolytic (G) aliments is 1.09. Indeed, the content of fat would have to exactly double (324 g daily) to make the diet ketogenic (FA/G>1–5).

Moreover, recent studies show that the Inuit have evolved a number of rare genetic adaptations that make them especially well suited to eat large amounts of omega-3 fat.[57][58][59] And earlier studies showed that the Inuit have a very high frequency—68% to 81% in certain arctic coastal populations—of an extremely rare autosomal recessive mutation of the CPT1A gene—a key regulator of mitochondrial long-chain fatty-acid oxidation[60][61]—which results in a rare metabolic disorder known as carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1A (CPT1A) deficiency and promotes hypoketotic hypoglycemia—low levels of ketones and low blood sugar.[62] The condition presents symptoms of a fatty acid and ketogenesis disorder.[62] However, it appears highly beneficial to the Inuit[60] as it shunts free fatty acids away from liver cells to brown fat, for thermogenesis.[63][64] Thus the mutation may help the Inuit stay warm by preferentially burning fatty acids for heat in brown fat cells.[64] In addition to promoting low ketone levels, this disorder also typically results in hepatic encephalopathy (altered mental state due to improper liver function), enlarged liver and high infant mortality.[65] Inuit have been observed to have enlarged livers with an increased capacity for gluconeogenesis, and have greater capacity for excreting urea to remove ammonia, a toxic byproduct of protein breakdown.[57][66][67][68] Ethnographic texts have documented the Inuit's customary habit of snacking frequently [69] and this may well be a direct consequence of their high prevalence of the CPT1A mutation[70] as fasting, even for several hours, can be deleterious for individuals with that allele, particularly during strenuous exercise.[57][70] The high frequency of the CPT1A mutation in the Inuit therefore suggests that it is an important adaptation to their low carbohydrate diet and their extreme environment.[57][60][70]
Would highly recommend listening to Tim Noakes and his trail in Cape Town – he was pretty much the trigger for me to switch to LCHF and now I am starting to educate myself on what I need to follow a path that works for me. The information on Verta is giving me more information to enable me to ask my Dr for what I want – I know this will be an uphill battle and this information will help me avoid getting railroaded into the so called norms. It also give the Dr a way out because then I am asking him to help me go down a certain path that he is not responsible for recommending if it bucks the system.

Although the majority of links between energy sensing and antioxidant defense are manifested further downstream, there is some direct influence at the level of AMPK and sirtuins. AMPK is activated by oxidative stress [259, 260], likely through ATP depletion and a subsequent increase in the AMP to ATP ratio, or facilitation of tyrosine phosphorylation, which occurs independently of AMP and ATP concentrations [259]. SIRT3 contributes more directly to antioxidant defense by deacetylating and activating SOD2 [261–263]. The overlapping effect of SIRT3 on antioxidant defense and bioenergetics is further supported by SIRT3 knockout increasing lipid peroxidation in conjunction with decreased O2 consumption in mouse skeletal muscle and also by SIRT3 knockdown increasing H2O2 production and decreasing O2 consumption in myoblasts [264].
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Forget Atkins and Paleo — the new low-carb diet du jour is called keto, as in ketogenic. Although there are many similarities between these diets, a keto diet is all about restricting carbohydrates and increasing healthy fats. The goal is to force your body’s metabolism into ketosis, which means it burns fat instead of glucose — because without carbs, glucose isn’t readily available.
This was my first time baking anything EVER and it turned out perfectly! I do find that the bread does taste a tad “eggy” but it’s soft and a perfect replacement for sandwich bread. I can finally have grilled cheese sandwiches again!! Next time around, I’ll double the recipe because the bread was smaller than expected. Thanks for this amazing recipe!
The most common and relatively minor short-term side effects of ketogenic diet include a collection of symptoms like nausea, vomiting, headache, fatigue, dizziness, insomnia, difficulty in exercise tolerance, and constipation, sometimes referred to as keto flu. These symptoms resolve in a few days to few weeks. Ensuring adequate fluid and electrolyte intake can help counter some of these symptoms. Long-term adverse effects include hepatic steatosis, hypoproteinemia, kidney stones, and vitamin and mineral deficiencies.

Ok folks, I have been experimenting with this recipe for months with varying success/failure. Mostly, no matter what I did, I got the tunnel at the top of the bread and the bottom was rubbery and mehhhhh. I have experimented with different amounts, I have stuck to the precise measurements listed, I have tried different suggestions in the comments. NOTHING. Finally!!!!! I have a perfect loaf, wish I could post a pic. Hope this works for you too. Heres what I did different. First, I used 85 grams of psyllium fiber powder instead of 90, and most importantly, I used finely ground almond flour (Honeyville to be specific) which is honestly what I think made the big difference. Also, I put the bread pan all the way on the bottom rack and I baked it for an hour and 25 minutes. I cannot express the joy I have from finally getting a great result! I hope it helps you too.
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Featuring recipes for many classic, high-carb favorites that have been reworked to be “fat bombs,” which help keep your macros in balance, as well as prevent you from craving all the things you usually can’t eat when you’re trying to lose weight. Many of the more than 100 recipes require no more than 10 to 15 minutes of prep time, and they taste as delicious and indulgent as they sound—how about Chocolate Peanut Butter Pops, Mocha Cheesecake, or Almond Butter Bombs?   
91. Speijer D. Oxygen radicals shaping evolution: why fatty acid catabolism leads to peroxisomes while neurons do without it: FADH(2)/NADH flux ratios determining mitochondrial radical formation were crucial for the eukaryotic invention of peroxisomes and catabolic tissue differentiation. Bioessays. 2011;33(2):88–94. doi: 10.1002/bies.201000097. [PubMed] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]

In addition to BHB inducing upregulation of antioxidant defense, ketones have direct antioxidant capacity. BHB scavenges •OH, as does ACA, although to a lesser extent [108]. The applicability of this antioxidant capacity has been investigated in vitro and in vivo in the context of hypoglycemia. In cultured hippocampal neurons, treatment with BHB or ACA decreased ROS during hypoglycemia induced through inhibition of glycolysis, and in hypoglycemic rats, infusion of BHB decreased hippocampal lipid peroxidation [108].


White mulberry (Moruns alba or Morus indica) has been traditionally used in Asia to help treat type 2 diabetes, and there is some preliminary evidence to support this use. Mulberry leaf extract (species not given) may lessen increases in blood sugar after ingestion of table sugar in healthy people and people with type 2 diabetes (Mudra, Diabetes Care 2007). Among people with type 2 diabetes, taking 1 gram of powdered white mulberry leaf three times daily (after breakfast, lunch and dinner) for four weeks was found to lower fasting blood sugar by 27%, while taking 5 mg of the anti-diabetes drug glibenclamide lowered fasting blood sugar by only 8% (Andallu, Clin Chim Acta 2001).


Glucose is stored in your liver and released as needed for energy. However, after carb intake has been extremely low for one to two days, these glucose stores become depleted. Your liver can make some glucose from amino acids in the protein you eat via a process known as gluconeogenesis, but not nearly enough to meet the needs of your brain, which requires a constant fuel supply.

Hi Maria! I am your new biggest fan! I made all of my favorites of your recipes for my extended family over the holidays and the bread and almond joys were such a huge hit! I love to add carraway seeds to the bread which gives it a Rye – European flavor to it! I’ve been following your HFMPLC philosophy for about 3 weeks now and I was wondering why you mentioned you make the protein buns for yourself but the bread for your husband. Do you not like the bread or is it too high in carbs for you? I know I need an induction period of a couple of weeks so I am off nuts for now but I can’t wait to have the bread again!

More definitive evidence that metabolic syndrome per se predisposes to coronary heart disease and cerebrovascular disease has been reported. Thus a twofold to fourfold increase in subsequent cardiovascular events has been described in men and women with metabolic syndrome (modified WHO criteria) even in the absence of type 2 diabetes or impaired glucose tolerance.234-236 Qualitatively, similar results have been obtained when metabolic syndrome was defined by ATP III criteria237,238 (Fig. 43-9). In a compilation of multiple studies, the presence of metabolic syndrome had a greater impact on the risk for developing diabetes (fivefold) than ASCVD (twofold).22,182,199 In addition, where studied, the rate of cardiovascular events was higher in patients who had diabetes and metabolic syndrome than in individuals with only metabolic syndrome.22,239


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82. Schwarz J. M., Neese R. A., Turner S., Dare D., Hellerstein M. K. Short-term alterations in carbohydrate energy intake in humans. Striking effects on hepatic glucose production, de novo lipogenesis, lipolysis, and whole-body fuel selection. Journal of Clinical Investigation. 1995;96(6):2735–2743. doi: 10.1172/jci118342. [PMC free article] [PubMed] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
I so miss bread fresh from the oven (I’m going to be adding the yeast)! You are absolutely correct about beaten egg whites creating air pockets. My family has always made buttermilk pancakes from scratch and we always separate the eggs, beat the whites to soft peaks and fold them in at the last minute. The pancakes rise beautifully! Have you tried this with your keto pancakes?
My blood sugar is in the pre-diabetic range. D-ribose raises my blood sugar quite a bit. Test and see what it does for you before committing to taking it. Start testing your blood sugar 1/2 hour after taking the D-ribose and every 1/2 hour for about 2 hours to fully test the effects. If you take it in a liquid on an empty stomach, it can get into your bloodstream pretty fast.
My first try at this recipe –lower half was gummy. Crust tasted amazing to I’m eating the ends as toast. I’m too frugal to throw away 3 cups of almond flour, so I cubed up the rest of the loaf, put it in to bake at 350 for 30 minutes or so. Cubes are great on salad -taste like toasted almond/sesame. Now I’m making savory bread pudding with about 2 cups of the cubes (6 eggs, 3/4c almond milk, 1/4c cream, cooked bacon bits, shallots, basil and chives). Baking in muffin tins. Will be taking them for lunches.
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The distribution of adipose tissue appears to affect its role in metabolic syndrome. Fat that is visceral or intra-abdominal correlates with inflammation, whereas subcutaneous fat does not. There are a number of potential explanations for this, including experimental observations that omental fat is more resistant to insulin and may result in a higher concentration of toxic free fatty acids in the portal circulation. [21]
Metabolic syndrome is thought to be caused by adipose tissue dysfunction and insulin resistance. Dysfunctional adipose tissue also plays an important role in the pathogenesis of obesity-related insulin resistance. [18] Both adipose cell enlargement and infiltration of macrophages into adipose tissue result in the release of proinflammatory cytokines and promote insulin resistance. [19]
A reduced availability of dietary carbohydrates leads to an increased liver production of KBs. The liver cannot utilize KBs because it lacks the mitochondrial enzyme succinyl-CoA: 3-ketoacid (oxoacid) CoA transferase (SCOT) necessary for activation of acetoacetate to acetoacetyl CoA. KBs are utilized by tissues, in particularly by brain. KBs enter the citric acid cycle after being converted to acetyl CoA by hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase (HBD), succinyl-CoA: 3–CoA transferase (SCOT), and methylacetoacetyl CoA thiolase (MAT). Modified from Owen (2005), Paoli et al. (2014).
Hello!! Went grain free about two months ago to reverse a chronic illness. Am feeling great but was jonesing for a piece of bread!! Big time!! And that’s what you gave me! I wish I could share the photos I have of this loaf which baked up beautifully!! It is light and airy and tastes mild and yummy. Interestingly, when I toasted it up, a hint of coconut came out (obviously from the coconut flour). Thank you so much for sharing this… sandwich here I come!!
Reduce daily net carb intake to less than 20 grams: Although it’s possible that you may not need to be this strict, eating fewer than 20 grams of net carbs every day virtually guarantees that you’ll achieve nutritional ketosis. What does 20 grams of carb look like? Use our visual guide to find out, or simply try our keto recipes and meal plans that limit carbs to less than 20 grams per day.

Ketosis is a nutritional process characterised by serum concentrations of ketone bodies over 0.5 mM, with low and stable levels of insulin and blood glucose.[1][2] It is almost always generalized with hyperketonemia, that is, an elevated level of ketone bodies in the blood throughout the body. Ketone bodies are formed by ketogenesis when liver glycogen stores are depleted (or from metabolising medium-chain triglycerides[3]). Ketones can also be consumed in exogenous ketone foods and supplements.
Humans have always relied on ketones for energy when glucose sources were scarce (i.e. no fruits available during winter). It is a normal state of metabolism. In fact, most babies are born in a state of ketosis. However, with abundant sources of carbohydrate, people rarely access ketosis and it becomes a dormant metabolic pathway.Our ancestors likely had frequent periods of time when high carbohydrate food wasn’t immediately available. For this reason, our bodies are amazing at adapting to burning of ketones for fuel.

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Note that urine measurements may not reflect blood concentrations. Urine concentrations are lower with greater hydration, and after adaptation to a ketogenic diet the amount lost in the urine may drop while the metabolism remains ketotic. Most urine strips only measure acetoacetate, while when ketosis is more severe the predominant ketone body is β-hydroxybutyrate.[36] Unlike glucose, ketones are excreted into urine at any blood level. Ketoacidosis is a metabolic derangement that cannot occur in a healthy individual who can produce insulin, and should not be confused with physiologic ketosis.


This bread looks amazingly awesome and I will be trying it soon, but with a gluten free psyllium husk brand. I just wanted to point out that J Robb’s Psyllium Husk package declares the presence of WHEAT. Read the label listed on his website. Using his Psyllium Husk would make the bread NOT gluten free. It also states that it has a multitude of other allergens and possibly all of them are in a package at the same time. Just a heads up.
Increasing dietary fiber, especially insoluble fiber from cereal and grains, is associated with a reduced risk of diabetes and has been shown to reduce fasting blood glucose and modestly lower HbA1c in people with type 2 diabetes (Martin, J Nutr 2008; Post,J Am Board Fam Med 2012). In people with type 1 diabetes, 50 grams of dietary fiber per day has been shown to significantly improve blood sugar control and reduce hypoglycemic events (Giacco, Diabetes Care 2000). The American Dietetic Association states that "diets providing 30 to 50 g fiber per day from whole food sources consistently produce lower serum glucose levels compared to a low-fiber diet. Fiber supplements providing doses of 10 to 29 g/day may have some benefit in terms of glycemic control." (Slavin, J Am Diet Assoc 2008). Although ConsumerLab.com has not tested fiber products, we have produced a webinar about that provides more information.
Ketosis occurs either as a result of increased fat oxidation, whilst fasting or following a strict ketosis diet plan (ENDOGENOUS ketosis), or after consuming a ketone supplement (EXOGENOUS ketosis). When in a state of ketosis the body can use ketones to provide a fuel for cellular respiration instead of its usual substrates: carbohydrate, fat or protein. 
So how does this work? A quick run-through: The first tip was to eat low carb. This is because a low-carb diet lowers your levels of the fat-storing hormone insulin, allowing your fat deposits to shrink and release their stored energy. This tends to cause you to want to consume less calories than you expend – without hunger – and lose weight. Several of the tips mentioned above are about fine-tuning your diet to better this effect.
The FOXO family of transcription factors is highly conserved and promotes longevity and resistance to cellular stress. Although there are a variety of FOXO isoforms with varying tissue distribution [318–320], FOXO3a has been the most thoroughly studied in relation to energy sensing, mitochondrial function, and antioxidant defense. Similar to PGC-1α, FOXO3a is activated through phosphorylation by AMPK [321–323] and deacetylation by SIRT1 [324, 325] and SIRT3 [326–329], and its transcriptional activity is at least partly dependent on AMPK [322] and SIRT1 [325]. In a variety of organisms, tissues, and cell types, FOXO3a increases mitochondrial biogenesis and expression of TFAM [329], but is more known for increasing expression of antioxidant and repair proteins, including SOD2 [287, 330, 331], catalase [287, 330, 332, 333], glutathione S-transferase (GST) [322], thioredoxins [287, 323], Prx3 [287, 334], Prx5 [287], and metallothioneins I and II [322], as well as UCP2 [287, 322] and the DNA repair enzyme growth arrest and DNA damage-inducible 45 (GADD45) [322, 324, 335, 336]. FOXO3a is also activated by oxidative stress [324, 331, 333], possibly in a SIRT1-dependent manner [324], and likely mediated through c-Jun N-terminal protein kinase (JNK), which allows FOXOs to translocate to the nucleus by promoting dissociation of 14-3-3 [337, 338]. Furthermore, FOXO3a and SIRT3 interact in mitochondria to induce mitochondrial gene expression in an AMPK-dependent manner [339]. FOXO3a also induces expression of LKB1 [340] and NAMPT [341], indicating a feed-forward cycle of activation with AMPK and sirtuins. Like PGC-1α, FOXO3a transcriptional activity is inhibited by insulin through PKB [331].
People with type 1 diabetes do not produce enough insulin, so their bodies are unable to regulate ketones, which can lead to a dangerous environment. Always consult with your doctor if you have diabetes before changing your diet, and look out for warning signs of ketoacidosis including: excessive thirst, increased urination, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, shortness of breath, weakness, fatigue and confusion.
Moving more . Even if you’ve never exercised before, you can start now and markedly reduce your risks. Even moderate amounts of activity will make a difference with heart markers. Walking is a good starter plan for many people. “I tell my patients to get an activity tracker,” Ndumele says. “Aim for 5,000 steps a day and work up to at least 10,000 steps a day.” Talk to your doctor to get the go-ahead on the types of workouts you want to try.
To encourage ketone production, the amount of insulin in your bloodstream must be low. The lower your insulin, the higher your ketone production. And when you have a well-controlled, sufficiently large amount of ketones in your blood, it’s basically proof that your insulin is very low – and therefore, that you’re enjoying the maximum effect of your low-carbohydrate diet. That’s what’s called optimal ketosis.

You've probably heard of the keto diet, the trendy weight loss plan that advocates for cutting down carbs and upping your fat intake. (That means no to pastries and pasta, and yes to meat, eggs, and heart-healthy oils.) If your morning routine of the past involved bagels, toast, or oatmeal, trying to come up with keto breakfast ideas can feel like a rude awakening. With so many carb-heavy a.m. foods, it's arguably the hardest meal to find ketogenic diet-approved substitutes for — especially when you're staring right in the face of a donut on your morning coffee run.
Ketone bodies synthesized in the body can be easily utilized for energy production by heart, muscle tissue, and the kidneys. Ketone bodies also can cross the blood-brain barrier to provide an alternative source of energy to the brain. RBCs and the liver do not utilize ketones due to lack of mitochondria and enzyme diaphorase respectively. Ketone body production depends on several factors such as resting basal metabolic rate (BMR), body mass index (BMI), and body fat percentage. Ketone bodies produce more adenosine triphosphate in comparison to glucose, sometimes aptly called a "super fuel." One hundred grams of acetoacetate generates 9400 grams of ATP, and 100 g of beta-hydroxybutyrate yields 10,500 grams of ATP; whereas, 100 grams of glucose produces only 8,700 grams of ATP. This allows the body to maintain efficient fuel production even during a caloric deficit. Ketone bodies also decrease free radical damage and enhance antioxidant capacity.
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While exercise is a great way to bring down your blood glucose immediately, remember that physical activity should be a part of your lifestyle, not just a tool for producing one good test result. Getting your recommended periodic A1C tests will help you and your doctor determine if your blood glucose control is on target. And when you use your meter to test at home and at work, be sure to look for patterns in the results. This can help you and your diabetes care team tell whether you need to adjust your diet, medications, or both. The most important thing you can do to manage diabetes well is to control your blood glucose, and exercise is a key step toward reaching that goal.

Mediterranean diet: Traditional cuisine of countries bordering the Mediterranean Sea, shown to reduce the risk for heart disease, diabetes, some cancers and dementia. On the menu: Plenty of fruits, vegetables and beans, along with olive oil, nuts, whole grains, seafood; moderate amounts of low-fat yogurt, low-fat cheese and poultry; small amounts of red meat and sweets; and wine, in moderation, with meals.

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The Mediterranean diet is palatable and easily sustained. In addition, recent studies have shown that when compared to a low fat diet, people on the Mediterranean diet have a greater decrease in body weight, and also had greater improvements in blood pressure, cholesterol levels, and other markers of heart disease -- all of which are important in evaluating and treating metabolic syndrome.
The effects of a ketogenic diet on cholesterol and triglycerides is complex. It is dependant on the exact composition of the diet, the genetic and physical characteristics of the individuals studied and other hormonal and environmental factors. Therefore, blood lipid changes whilst on the ketogenic diet can vary between individuals. This means that it is advisable to track your personal levels by having a blood test before starting the ketogenic diet and to follow this with regular testing to monitor any changes.  
I used the egg white powder with the recommended amount of water on the egg white can in addition to the 12 oz. of water called for in the recipe. The bread tastes good, but is fairly dense. I didn’t have many eggs and wanted to try the recipe, but I think next time I’ll use fresh egg whites. I’ll also have to figure out what to do with the leftover yolks.

309. Lemieux K., Konrad D., Klip A., Marette A. The AMP-activated protein kinase activator AICAR does not induce GLUT4 translocation to transverse tubules but stimulates glucose uptake and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinases alpha and beta in skeletal muscle. FASEB Journal. 2003;17(12):1658–1665. doi: 10.1096/fj.02-1125com. [PubMed] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
This was my first time baking anything EVER and it turned out perfectly! I do find that the bread does taste a tad “eggy” but it’s soft and a perfect replacement for sandwich bread. I can finally have grilled cheese sandwiches again!! Next time around, I’ll double the recipe because the bread was smaller than expected. Thanks for this amazing recipe!
According to the National Institutes of Health, a mother’s high normal blood sugar levels can put their baby at risk for birth problems. If the mother’s blood sugar levels were high, it is more likely that the baby will have high insulin levels as well at birth. Therefore it is important that during your pregnancy, you are following under the directions of your physician any guidelines which will help you balance your blood sugar levels.

First of all, almond flour bread will never have EXACTLY the same texture as wheat bread because it lacks the gluten. It will be slightly softer. But. Baking with almond flour is never an exact science. If your almond flour is coarser, just add an extra couple of tbsp next time and the bread will be firmer. Or try reducing the amount of water so it dries out more. I would not recommend changing the amount of egg (unless you used extra large eggs). Hope this helps!
My first attempt of this bread leaves something to be desired. It looked great when it came out of the oven but as it cooled it caved a bit; and when I took it out of the pan when it had cooled, I realized that the bottom inch looked undercooked, very wet. After reading ALL of Maria’s remarks to other folks who have had problems (I am not alone), I will try again adding less water next time. For now I will use the loaf I just made and turn it into croutons or bagel chips as suggested by Ellen (thanks for sharing some positives from a negative). Maria, I applaud you for your endless patience with all of us all who keep asking the same questions over and over again.
I was recently diagnosed with diabetes which I had had uncontrolled for an estimated seven years. I have done a lot of research and while there is a lot of diabetes information available, little was helpful for whatever reasons – too simplistic in nature, didn’t answer hard hitting questions, or didn’t apply forward thinking scenarios. This article is one of the best I have read because it is both clear and concise and givens you all of your essential important information in a single place – something everyone needs. Even after all of my research, I still learned a couple new things reading this article. Excellent reference.

293. Geng T., Li P., Okutsu M., et al. PGC-1α plays a functional role in exercise-induced mitochondrial biogenesis and angiogenesis but not fiber-type transformation in mouse skeletal muscle. American Journal of Physiology-Cell Physiology. 2010;298(3):C572–C579. doi: 10.1152/ajpcell.00481.2009. [PMC free article] [PubMed] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
Acetoacetate diester did not improve performance37: a different ketone ester to that used by Cox et al (an acetoacetate diester) decreased cycling performance by 2% given before a 50’ cycling race. Reasons for the difference in findings could be: this ketone ester drink was given along with a can of diet cola 30 mins before exercise and caused GI upset in many athletes. Delivering acetoacetate causes the muscle cells to become more ‘oxidised,’ which is a less favourable state for ATP production. Risk of some gastrointestinal upset with all ketone supplements. The dose, tonicity, time taken before competition and overall volume of a ketone drink will affect how easy it is to tolerate. Many athletes take ketone supplements without side effects, however there are differences between individuals, so practice with ketone supplements in training is advisable to ensure they don’t experience any GI side effects in competition. Geoff Woo discussed this study in a blog post.
Thanks for replying. I guess I’ll just try it on both convection and regular and see which works out best! 🙂 I had made the sub roll in a regular oven with good results yet it didn’t turn out as well when baked on convection. That’s why I was wondering about the temperature and whether that was the culprit. Guess there’s only one way to find out. This experimenting can get expensive!

I found your recipes and was eager to try them! This morning I made the almond and coconut flour bread, blueberry muffin and the pancakes for family breakfast. They were all delicious!! I was amazed at how moist they were. However, even thought the bread was light, it did not achieve the height shown with the recipe. I need advice on how to achieve a higher loaf. My family was delighted at the healthier version of our Sunday morning breakfast. Thank you, Maya, for the time and effort spent in perfecting and sharing your recipes.
Hello Everyone out there, I am here to give my testimony about how i got cured from DIABETES by a Herbalist doctor called DR ABAKA who helped me. i went to many hospitals for cure but there was no solution, so I was thinking how can I get a solution so that my body can be okay. One day I was thinking where I can get solution. so a lady walked to me telling me why am I so sad and i open up all to her telling her my problem, she told me that she too was once had CANCER and she was cured by a herbal doctor that she meet online call DR ABAKA, she gave me the doctors email and his contact. i contacted the doctor who uses herbal medication to cure all illness. so i contacted him. He told me all the things I need to do and also give me instructions to take, which I followed properly. Before I knew what is happening after one week i begin to experience change and i was cured complete in two week. so if you are also heart broken and also need a help, you can also email him at Drabaka99@gmail.com /watsapp +2348147054320 and you will have a testimony to share. according to him he can cure HIV ULCAL DIABETES CANCER
In addition to the downstream bioenergetic and antioxidant signaling induced by sirtuins, they directly facilitate ketogenesis and β-oxidation. SIRT1 [254] and SIRT3 [255] deacetylate 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl CoA (HMG CoA) synthase, which is the rate-limiting enzyme for ketogenesis [256], resulting in increased levels of β-hydroxybutyrate [255]. In addition, SIRT3 deacetylates and increases activity of long-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (LCAD) [257], which participates in β-oxidation and therefore supports ketogenesis. SIRT3 has a similar influence on medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (MCAD) as well [258]. Since sirtuins facilitate ketogenesis, which then facilitates sirtuin activation, nutritional ketosis may promote, to some extent, a feed-forward cycle of sirtuin activity.

I’m following the ketogenic diet and I find it very easy, pleasant and varied. I can even say that my diet today is more varied than the previous one. I do not intend to leave this diet and I cannot really see why. My initial focus was not to lose weight, I’ve always been lean, but to feel better, well disposed. And I got it! I am very pleased, I have read a lot about it (including scientific literature) and I have influenced other people who need to lose weight or improve some aspects of their health. But from the beginning I went on my own way, without the help of a nutritionist because I did not want to suffer the influence of others’ ideas.
188. Tomas E., Tsao T. S., Saha A. K., et al. Enhanced muscle fat oxidation and glucose transport by ACRP30 globular domain: acetyl-CoA carboxylase inhibition and AMP-activated protein kinase activation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 2002;99(25):16309–16313. doi: 10.1073/pnas.222657499. [PMC free article] [PubMed] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]

Thanks for replying. I guess I’ll just try it on both convection and regular and see which works out best! 🙂 I had made the sub roll in a regular oven with good results yet it didn’t turn out as well when baked on convection. That’s why I was wondering about the temperature and whether that was the culprit. Guess there’s only one way to find out. This experimenting can get expensive!


Just made this and had the same rubbery/purple loaf issues, so I’ll probably switch to a different psyllium if I make it again. So my question is this… I ate a few slices (3) of the bread (regardless of the flaws) and found it gave me some stomach discomfort… Could I have a sensitivity to the psyllium, or do you think getting a better quality psyllium would change my reaction?

Maya, I can’t tell you how excited I am to find this recipe! I have three young cats who are on a raw diet. In my previous life I was a home economics major and was taught not to waste anything. So from making their raw food I have the byproducts of egg whites and chicken bones and skin. It all gets frozen for future use. I use the bones and skin to make my own bone broth but I have egg whites out the ying yang! They are frozen in jars with the measurement of the contents on the lid. Now I’m going to thaw some and make bread! Have you tried making french toast with this?
Normally, the body breaks down carbohydrates, fat, and (sometimes) proteins to provide energy. When carbohydrate is consumed in the diet, some is used immediately to maintain blood glucose levels, and the rest is stored. The hormone that signals to cells to store carbohydrate is insulin. The liver stores carbohydrate as glycogen, this is broken down and released between meals to keep blood glucose levels constant. Muscles also store glycogen, when broken down this provides fuel for exercise. Most cells in the body can switch readily between using carbohydrates and fat as fuel. Fuel used depends on substrate availability, on the energy demands of the cell and other neural and hormonal signals. 

These Keto Breakfast Fat Bombs are a true lifesaver for frantic (Monday) mornings.  Personally, when I wake up in the morning after my alarm clock gives out a warning I don’t think I’ll ever make it on time.  By the time I grab my books and give myself a look, I’m at the corner just in time to see the bus fly by…wait no, scratch that…that’s Zach Morris, not me. Either way, I’m sure we’ve all had those mornings where we were saved by the bell, so let these little bacon covered bites of heavenly deliciousness make your mornings more calm*, I guess you could say you’re saved by the (fat) bomb.
208. Steinberg G. R., Watt M. J., McGee S. L., et al. Reduced glycogen availability is associated with increased AMPKα2 activity, nuclear AMPKα2 protein abundance, and GLUT4 mRNA expression in contracting human skeletal muscle. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism. 2006;31(3):302–312. doi: 10.1139/h06-003. [PubMed] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
In ketogenesis, two acetyl-CoA molecules instead condense to form acetoacetyl-CoA via thiolase. Acetoacetyl-CoA momentarily combines with another acetyl-CoA via HMG-CoA synthase to form hydroxy-β-methylglutaryl-CoA. Hydroxy-β-methylglutaryl-CoA form the ketone body acetoacetate via HMG-CoA lyase. Acetoacetate can then reversibly convert to another ketone body—D-β-hydroxybutyrate—via D-β-hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase. Alternatively, acetoacetate can spontaneously degrade to a third ketone body (acetone) and carbon dioxide, although the process generates much greater concentrations of acetoacetate and D-β-hydroxybutyrate. When blood glucose levels are low, ketone bodies can be exported from the liver to supply crucial energy to the brain.[28]
NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used. To access online sources, copy and paste the URL into your browser.
Thanks for replying. I guess I’ll just try it on both convection and regular and see which works out best! 🙂 I had made the sub roll in a regular oven with good results yet it didn’t turn out as well when baked on convection. That’s why I was wondering about the temperature and whether that was the culprit. Guess there’s only one way to find out. This experimenting can get expensive!
For those with gummy results, don’t throw away the bread. I found toasting it in oven on 425 works better than toaster and makes the bread edible if your loaf did come out gummy. Also, by accident, I left a piece in oven and preheated oven later for something else I was making and found my extremely crispy toasted bread which made a GREAT baguette! Now I’m making a bunch like this to eat with different creamed cheese spreads! The only real success I’ve had making this bread is in sub or roll form, otherwise, I too experienced some dense/gummy results, moreso, using the coconut flour recipe though.
A high proportion of energy from ketone oxidation is transferred to the electron transport chain at the start (as NADH+), in comparison to the energy from fat, where a high proportion is transferred ‘downstream’ (as FADH). This means that, even though there is a high amount of ‘potential energy’ in a fat molecule, less of this can be transferred to ATP.   
In addition to increased mitochondrial demand and mtROS production, there are several other commonalities in the mechanisms through which exercise and nutritional ketosis induce adaptive signaling. Exercise-induced activation of AMPK is greater when the exercise is performed in a glycogen depleted state [209–211, 382, 383], and exercise-induced activation of p38 MAPK [315] and PGC-1α [277–279] occurs at least partly through β-adrenergic signaling. Although changes in NAD+ and NADH are difficult to measure and are complicated by conflicting results, exercise is also likely to increase sirtuin activation by increasing the NAD+ to NADH ratio [402].

Hi Ashley, Usually egg whites take just a few minutes to beat to stiff peaks. Definitely not 40 minutes. Old eggs can sometimes be the culprit, or a bit of leftover fat/grease from something else in the bowl can prevent stiff peaks (this is especially common when using a plastic bowl). Lastly, it could be that your mixer isn’t powerful enough to beat that many whites to stiff peaks, but this reason is a last resort and probably less likely. Cream of tartar is a huge help in reaching stiff peaks so you can try adding that next time.
Hello!! Went grain free about two months ago to reverse a chronic illness. Am feeling great but was jonesing for a piece of bread!! Big time!! And that’s what you gave me! I wish I could share the photos I have of this loaf which baked up beautifully!! It is light and airy and tastes mild and yummy. Interestingly, when I toasted it up, a hint of coconut came out (obviously from the coconut flour). Thank you so much for sharing this… sandwich here I come!!
This is brilliant. I made it today not in a mug but a cereal bowl. So it was bigger. I could only eat half. Rather filling. I layered it with cream cheese and a thin slice of smoked ham for mid afternoon snack. Slight bitter after taste which i think is from the baking powder. I am going to make it again with herbs like some others have suggested. Thanks HBK😚
The prevalence of metabolic syndrome increases with age, with about 40% of people older than 60 years meeting the criteria. [26] However, metabolic syndrome can no longer be considered a disease of only adult populations. Alarmingly, metabolic syndrome and diabetes mellitus are increasingly prevalent in the pediatric population, again in parallel with a rise in obesity. [50]
This “lazy” keto bread recipe is anything but boring: Crumbling the butter directly into the dough creates moist and tender biscuits for all your sweet and savory recipes. Plus, this recipe takes 30 minutes from start to finish and keeps each biscuit macro-friendly at 3 net carbs. Stay more Bulletproof and use the sour cream and whey protein swaps suggested in the recipe, plus avoid eating flaxseed too often.
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