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thanks for your reply, maria! i can’t figure out why mine tastes so vinegar-y while no one else has had this problem. could it be the type of vinegar i’m using? It’s trader joe’s organic ACV. could i just reduce the amount of vinegar? or, in your baking experience, do you think i could i use lemon juice as the acid in place of the vinegar (or a mix of the two)? i think i could stand a lemon taste better than a vinegar taste…

The Service offers health, fitness and nutritional information and is designed for educational purposes only. You should not rely on this information as a substitute for, nor does it replace professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. If you have any concerns or questions about your health, you should always consult with a physician or other health-care professional.
But that doesn't mean it could never, ever happen—in fact, it actually did happen to one women on a "no-carbohydrate" diet, according to a 2006 case report in the New England Journal of Medicine. According to the case report, the woman was on a strict low-carb regimen for four years (she ate fewer than 20 grams of carbs a day—20 grams per day is the minimum on the keto diet, but most people eat 50 grams per day), but her ketoacidosis cleared up after she was put on a diet with normal carbohydrate intake.
I made this today. I did not have almond flour so I took some slivered almonds and made flour from them in my nutribullet. This turned out fabulous. Only a pinch of salt is necessary. The variations are endless! I don’t do Keto but I will definitely be making this often for everything!! This is a great save if you are out of bread! Thanks so much for this recipe! It is DELISH!
208. Steinberg G. R., Watt M. J., McGee S. L., et al. Reduced glycogen availability is associated with increased AMPKα2 activity, nuclear AMPKα2 protein abundance, and GLUT4 mRNA expression in contracting human skeletal muscle. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism. 2006;31(3):302–312. doi: 10.1139/h06-003. [PubMed] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
Ketone bodies synthesized in the body can be easily utilized for energy production by heart, muscle tissue, and the kidneys. Ketone bodies also can cross the blood-brain barrier to provide an alternative source of energy to the brain. RBCs and the liver do not utilize ketones due to lack of mitochondria and enzyme diaphorase respectively. Ketone body production depends on several factors such as resting basal metabolic rate (BMR), body mass index (BMI), and body fat percentage. Ketone bodies produce more adenosine triphosphate in comparison to glucose, sometimes aptly called a "super fuel." One hundred grams of acetoacetate generates 9400 grams of ATP, and 100 g of beta-hydroxybutyrate yields 10,500 grams of ATP; whereas, 100 grams of glucose produces only 8,700 grams of ATP. This allows the body to maintain efficient fuel production even during a caloric deficit. Ketone bodies also decrease free radical damage and enhance antioxidant capacity.
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According to most experts on the ketogenic diet, technically nutritional ketosis is defined by serum ketone levels (the amount of ketones in the blood) that fall between 0.5 to 3.0 mM. (3) Some believe that 1.5 – 3 mmol/L is “optimal ketosis,” which might contribute to the most weight loss. Every person is a bit different in terms of what exact macronutrient ratio will keep them in this range, while also allowing them to feel their best in terms of energy levels and other symptoms. You can experiment with different carb amounts while testing to see how this affects your ketone levels, aiming to remain in nutritional ketosis (0.5 to 3.0 mM), as long as you feel well doing so. Try to test at the same time each day for consistency and avoid testing right after exercise.
And the one thing to keep in mind is that your bread will likely fall slightly post bake. Blame it on the lack of starch (keto flours are notoriously heavy and moist) and certain missing proteins (think gluten). Just keep in mind that we’re baking at ridiculously high altitude here, so if our loaf was still nearly double it’s volume after cooling- odds are yours will be even better!
The longest studies/follow-ups for ketogenic diets are about 10 years long and have shown it to be safe [3, 4, 5, 6]. Studies that carefully keep people in metabolic wards to strictly monitor food intake and biomarkers are always short because they are very costly and laborious. Moreover, most participants are not able or willing to participate for a long time in a study that supervises food intake around the clock. For these reasons, these kinds of studies are always of short duration, a few weeks maximum.
thanks for your reply, maria! i can’t figure out why mine tastes so vinegar-y while no one else has had this problem. could it be the type of vinegar i’m using? It’s trader joe’s organic ACV. could i just reduce the amount of vinegar? or, in your baking experience, do you think i could i use lemon juice as the acid in place of the vinegar (or a mix of the two)? i think i could stand a lemon taste better than a vinegar taste…

You need to take your medicine, but sometimes, meds for the other things that ail you can raise your blood sugar. We’ve got a list of them here. If you take one or more of these, talk to your doctor about alternative meds that could control your other conditions without affecting your blood sugar. Remember that everyone is different. Just because you take a medication on the list doesn’t mean that it raises your blood sugar—or, if it does, that it raises it enough to worry about. If your doctor says it’s safe to do so, you can stop taking a suspect med for a few days, carefully monitor your blood sugar, and see if it improves. If you want to be a proper scientist, you should then re-start the med to see if the sugar goes up again. And don’t try this at home! Do it only under your doc’s guidance.
The ketogenic diet can compromise high intensity sprint performance: High intensity exercise performance is heavily reliant on the ability to produce energy via anaerobic respiration (glycolysis), which requires carbohydrate as a substrate. Following a ketogenic diet causes a decrease in the amount/activity of the enzymes in the glycolysis pathway that decreases the rate that the pathway can proceed24. This could explain the decrease in anaerobic sprint performance consistently seen with athletes following a ketogenic diet 25 ,23. 
I can’t find an 8×4 pan in the local stores, so while I wait for one to be shipped I went ahead and made these into hamburger bun shape. I don’t have a kitchen scale so I just measured everything super precise and got great results. I only have NOW brand psyllium husk powder so yes, they are an odd shade of purple but they taste great so I don’t care. What I really wanted was a vessel for butter and it made for a great snack before bed- which I know I’m not supposed to have but I was too curious to wait until morning! 🙂 Thanks for the update on this recipe, it made all the difference!
In contrast to most other diet plans, remaining in ketosis doesn’t require counting calories, measuring portions or dealing with hunger pangs for the sake of eating as little as possible. In fact, most people feel satisfied and energized while in ketosis and find that they can go for longer periods without the need to eat (which is why intermittent fasting is commonly practiced with a keto diet).
Research shows that Western diet habits are a factor in development of metabolic syndrome, with high consumption of food that is not biochemically suited to humans.[21] Weight gain is associated with metabolic syndrome. Rather than total adiposity, the core clinical component of the syndrome is visceral and/or ectopic fat (i.e., fat in organs not designed for fat storage) whereas the principal metabolic abnormality is insulin resistance.[22] The continuous provision of energy via dietary carbohydrate, lipid, and protein fuels, unmatched by physical activity/energy demand creates a backlog of the products of mitochondrial oxidation, a process associated with progressive mitochondrial dysfunction and insulin resistance.
Recent studies indicate that mood disorders such as depression and anxiety can be linked to a range of physical changes in the brain, such as inflammation or change in gene expression71. Early results from animal studies have shown that ketosis could improve mood disorders, although the mechanism is still unclear. Rats fed exogenous ketones for several weeks showed reduced anxiety behaviours72. Similarly, endogenous and exogenous BHB alleviated depressive behaviour in mice subjected to stress73. This was found to be linked to altered epigenetic markers (modifications to DNA that affect the degree of gene expression) and an increased amount of brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in the brain. At this time, there are no trials investigating the effects of ketosis in human patients with mood disorders. 
The distribution of adipose tissue appears to affect its role in metabolic syndrome. Fat that is visceral or intra-abdominal correlates with inflammation, whereas subcutaneous fat does not. There are a number of potential explanations for this, including experimental observations that omental fat is more resistant to insulin and may result in a higher concentration of toxic free fatty acids in the portal circulation. [21]

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I made the Amazing Bread recipe to the T..and it was half the size of yours, kind of like a loaf of your pumpkin bread (which was also delicious). Before it was cool, I slathered with butter and SF raspberry jam ,,,OMG. I havent had bread in 2 wks and many attempts in the past while low carbing, experimenting, I would love to have a sandwich or toast…. Any advice?

Acetone is a molecule that results from the breakdown of acetoacetate. Acetone is commonly referred to as a ‘waste product’ as it is less readily used as energy compared to BHB (although some studies have shown that acetone can be oxidised as a fuel4. That said, some evidence suggests that it is responsible for the antiseizure effects of ketogenic diets so in may not be completely inert. At low levels acetone in the breath corresponds well to levels of ketones in the blood 12,13, however this is not the case as blood BHB levels increase 13 and if the increase is rapid, such as with exogenous ketone consumption11. 


I saw this recipe today and went out and bought the ingredients. I made it exactly like the instructions state. Mine actually did rise while it baked. But there is no yeast in this. Was it the baking powder and egg whites? It’s still fluffy and light. But all I taste is egg whites and coconut from. The coconut flour. I could definitely see how this will be an amazing bread… But I’m not sure what I did wrong. I used 12 egg whites just like the recipe called for. I also used the suggested items. Any idea on what I did wrong? I had to have messed up something…
Hands down, the absolute best low carb bread recipe ever!!! I made it last night and I am blown away!!! I’ve tried a lot of low carb bread recipes trying to find something close to the “carby” bread I once loved, and you have solved my dilemma. This bread is better than the carb-laden kind (in my opinion) and I am so happy to be able to enjoy toast, sandwiches and any other idea that comes to my mind for utilizing this bread. I can’t wait to make another batch because I didn’t leave this one in quite long enough, but I am certain of it’s potential! God bless you.
Moreover, recent studies show that the Inuit have evolved a number of rare genetic adaptations that make them especially well suited to eat large amounts of omega-3 fat.[57][58][59] And earlier studies showed that the Inuit have a very high frequency—68% to 81% in certain arctic coastal populations—of an extremely rare autosomal recessive mutation of the CPT1A gene—a key regulator of mitochondrial long-chain fatty-acid oxidation[60][61]—which results in a rare metabolic disorder known as carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1A (CPT1A) deficiency and promotes hypoketotic hypoglycemia—low levels of ketones and low blood sugar.[62] The condition presents symptoms of a fatty acid and ketogenesis disorder.[62] However, it appears highly beneficial to the Inuit[60] as it shunts free fatty acids away from liver cells to brown fat, for thermogenesis.[63][64] Thus the mutation may help the Inuit stay warm by preferentially burning fatty acids for heat in brown fat cells.[64] In addition to promoting low ketone levels, this disorder also typically results in hepatic encephalopathy (altered mental state due to improper liver function), enlarged liver and high infant mortality.[65] Inuit have been observed to have enlarged livers with an increased capacity for gluconeogenesis, and have greater capacity for excreting urea to remove ammonia, a toxic byproduct of protein breakdown.[57][66][67][68] Ethnographic texts have documented the Inuit's customary habit of snacking frequently [69] and this may well be a direct consequence of their high prevalence of the CPT1A mutation[70] as fasting, even for several hours, can be deleterious for individuals with that allele, particularly during strenuous exercise.[57][70] The high frequency of the CPT1A mutation in the Inuit therefore suggests that it is an important adaptation to their low carbohydrate diet and their extreme environment.[57][60][70]

You've probably heard of the keto diet, the trendy weight loss plan that advocates for cutting down carbs and upping your fat intake. (That means no to pastries and pasta, and yes to meat, eggs, and heart-healthy oils.) If your morning routine of the past involved bagels, toast, or oatmeal, trying to come up with keto breakfast ideas can feel like a rude awakening. With so many carb-heavy a.m. foods, it's arguably the hardest meal to find ketogenic diet-approved substitutes for — especially when you're staring right in the face of a donut on your morning coffee run.
If you divide the dough in 3 you'll cook the bread for 90 seconds on high, but if you cook it all together you'll want to do 150 seconds (2 1/2 minutes). Time can vary a lot in microwaves, but to give you an idea mine is 1000 watts. Either way, it'll come out looking pale and spongy (and not very appetizing at all tbh!). But worry not, just wait for it to cool down until just lightly warm (it continues to cook as it cools guys!). Then you'll definitely want to give it a good toast to get some texture on (non negotiable guys!). 
Therefore the combustion enthalpy (∆H) of each fuel is an important factor in the energy it can provide to the cell. When expressed as the energy per 2 carbons in the molecule, ketones (BHB) have a higher combustion enthalpy (∆H) than pyruvate, lactate and glucose (see table). This means that the amount of energy that could possibly be transferred to ATP is higher than for those other substrates:
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My point here is that the warnings about the ketogenic principles are well taken and well documented. My concern is implications that this is a fad. I don’t use the word diet with my patients and I’m concerned that the principles behind the label and the real results that these readers have commented on might get minimized. I have found it best to encourage patients to read authors like: Stephen Phinney, Jeff Volek, Patricia Daly, and Charles Gant and the be partners with their doctors and check blood work as they move along. I am not for or against the article. If ketogenic principles offer people enduring, satisfying, and cohesive change then why not read about its potential and flexilbity?
This savory frittata recipe by Ketogasm is loaded with nutrients to power your day.It’s hearty and filling, without taking you past your carb limit. Each serving has 333 calories, 26 grams of fat, 20 grams of protein, and only 1 net gram of carbs. This bloggers uses spinach, mushroom and uncured sausage, but feel free to play around with your veggies or swap sausage for chicken or steak.
I was a Corpsman (not a corpse-man as some recent somewhat fanatical president would say), and I can tell you many stories of Marines and Sailors who maintained restrictive diets (aka picky eaters). Most obvious was lack of sustaining energy (hypoglycemia) at mile 15 (with 80lbs of gear including a 6.5lb rifle and 200 rnds of ammo, etc.) and depletion of essential vitamins, electrolyte imbalance. They were always the first to collapse and have to hear me scold “see I told you so.” An IV of D5W usually does the trick (D is for dextrose, OMG!)
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Urine test for diabetes: What you need to know Urine tests for diabetes check for protein, ketones, and glucose. They are frequently used for diagnosing and monitoring diabetes, and to assess people who are experiencing symptoms, such as fatigue or nausea. Depending on the results, recommendations may be given about medication or lifestyle changes that could help. Read now
The root cause of most cases of metabolic syndrome can be traced back to poor eating habits and a sedentary lifestyle. In some cases, a diagnosis of metabolic syndrome has also been assigned to those already diagnosed with hypertension or with poorly controlled diabetes. There also seems to be an association with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, polycystic ovarian disease, and some cancers. A few cases are thought to be linked to genetic factors.
Has anyone tried this using a substitute for the eggs/egg whites? My husband seems to be sensitive to eggs (not sure which part, to be honest) and we’ve been making most recipes using agar agar as a substitute (for either whites or whole eggs) but this only works if the egg is a binder. I’m guessing that they are a leavening agent in the bread (please correct me if I’m wrong!) and I don’t know if agar would work in this recipe. I do have VersaWhip 600 – anyone ever tried that in a bread recipe?
208. Steinberg G. R., Watt M. J., McGee S. L., et al. Reduced glycogen availability is associated with increased AMPKα2 activity, nuclear AMPKα2 protein abundance, and GLUT4 mRNA expression in contracting human skeletal muscle. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism. 2006;31(3):302–312. doi: 10.1139/h06-003. [PubMed] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]

388. Little J. P., Safdar A., Wilkin G. P., Tarnopolsky M. A., Gibala M. J. A practical model of low-volume high-intensity interval training induces mitochondrial biogenesis in human skeletal muscle: potential mechanisms. Journal of Physiology. 2010;588(6):1011–1022. doi: 10.1113/jphysiol.2009.181743. [PMC free article] [PubMed] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]


Hi Al, I’m glad you liked the taste and am honored you chose my site for your first ever comment! 🙂 I haven’t tried this recipe in a bread machine. Most likely the biggest issue with your bread being flat is that you didn’t fold the egg whites in – breaking them down would definitely make the bread flat. I haven’t tried adding yolks as most people want their bread less egg-y, not more. I’d have some concerns about the bread being too “wet” by adding them though, even if you like an eggy taste. A better option might be to brush the top with yolks for color.
I made the Amazing Bread recipe to the T..and it was half the size of yours, kind of like a loaf of your pumpkin bread (which was also delicious). Before it was cool, I slathered with butter and SF raspberry jam ,,,OMG. I havent had bread in 2 wks and many attempts in the past while low carbing, experimenting, I would love to have a sandwich or toast…. Any advice?
I am so impressed by your bread recipes. Have spent the last two days just baking away and they taste absolutely great! What a joy to finally find something this tasty and healthy. I noticed in your previous post that we could expect to read about “What I eat” from you next. We’re staying tuned and waiting with great curiosity. Will pass on to our libraries about your books, for sure.
Further indicating that ketones influence mtROS production through alteration of electron transport, treatment of rat hippocampal slices with BHB + ACA (1 mM each) prevented the increase in mtROS and mitigated the decrease in ATP production that otherwise result from inhibition of mtETC complex I with rotenone [111]. In mitochondria isolated from the brains of mice injected with BHB, although inhibition of complex I with rotenone and 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium increased rather than decreased mtROS production, the BHB treatment prevented the decrease in O2 consumption caused by inhibition of complex I, and this occurred independently of uncoupling [112]. Consistent with the results from hippocampal brain slices, the BHB treatment also mitigated the decrease in ATP production caused by complex I inhibition [112]. These effects were prevented by inhibition of complex II with 3-nitropropionic acid or malonate, indicating that BHB primarily influences mitochondrial respiration at complex II [112], which is consistent with ketolysis increasing formation of succinate and FADH2. However, in mutated cells prone to complex I disassembly and an associated severe decrease in complex I activity, treatment with BHB + ACA (5 mM each) increased both the assembly and activity of complex I [113], indicating that ketones somehow promote repair of complex I damage and may therefore influence mitochondrial respiration at more than one site.
Also frequently seen with metabolic syndrome are tendencies for excessive blood clotting and inflammation. While obvious symptoms may be absent, these features are a warning of an increased likelihood of clogged arteries, heart disease, stroke, diabetes, kidney disease, and even premature death. If left untreated, complications from diseases associated with untreated metabolic syndrome can develop in as few as 15 years. Those who have metabolic syndrome and also smoke tend to have an even poorer prognosis.
Recent studies indicate that mood disorders such as depression and anxiety can be linked to a range of physical changes in the brain, such as inflammation or change in gene expression71. Early results from animal studies have shown that ketosis could improve mood disorders, although the mechanism is still unclear. Rats fed exogenous ketones for several weeks showed reduced anxiety behaviours72. Similarly, endogenous and exogenous BHB alleviated depressive behaviour in mice subjected to stress73. This was found to be linked to altered epigenetic markers (modifications to DNA that affect the degree of gene expression) and an increased amount of brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in the brain. At this time, there are no trials investigating the effects of ketosis in human patients with mood disorders. 
Perturbations in bioenergetic homeostasis induce signal transduction that leads to upregulation of mitochondrial capacity and antioxidant defense. Three key enzymes involved in the sensing of these perturbations and the subsequent induction of signal transduction are AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and silent mating type information regulation 2 homologues 1 and 3 (SIRT1 and SIRT3).
Although mitohormesis has not been studied comprehensively in higher-level organisms, its occurrence is supported by compelling evidence in lower-level organisms. For example, inhibition of glycolysis in C. elegans increased fat oxidation (based on nematode triglyceride content) and mitochondrial O2 consumption, which was followed by increases in ROS production at day 2 and catalase activity at day 6 [72]. The increase in catalase activity occurred in conjunction with increases in lifespan and resistance to the mitochondrial stressors sodium azide and paraquat. However, antioxidant treatment (N-acetylcysteine) decreased the elevation of ROS at day 2 and eliminated the resistance to sodium azide and paraquat treatments, indicating a requirement of ROS as a stimulus [72].
Not quite sure if I’m doing it wrong but the mixture isn’t liquidy at all, it’s almost dry, it’s a bit difficult to mix and I had to add a tablespoon of water to even mix it. It didn’t come out fluffy looking like yours did, it’s rather dense (I guess from overmixing), but it doesn’t taste bad. I also added a pinch of oregano, cumin and garlic powder. I toasted it and had some hummus with it. 🙂 Any idea how to fix the batter or what I’m doing wrong?
I love this low carb pancake recipe because it makes fluffy pancakes and the batter is thick enough to make perfectly round pancakes that make the perfect bread for this breakfast sandwich.  Hold your hats, folks, because everything in this recipe is perfect!  I added a little sugar free maple syrup to the batter to sweeten them up.  I cook them on medium heat and wait to flip until little bubbles start to form around the edges.
I just made this today. If I lived in London and could hug you, I would! You have NO idea how many recipes I’ve tried for almond flour bread and they never come out right or taste very good. This recipe is amazing! Since I can’t use psyllium due to an allergy to it, I used ground flax seed meal instead. OMG, this bread is delicious! I used the small loaf pan like you did and it came out perfect. It rose above the pan and is a perfect loaf. I let it completely cool, cut it with a bread knife and it did NOT fall apart, something so many of these type of breads do. AND it does NOT taste eggy which has been another problem I’ve dealt with. The loaf is so pretty! I can’t wait to experiment with different spices or herbs in this bread. Another plus for me is that since the slices are smaller than regular bread, it helps with calorie control when putting things on it for a sandwich. I have a strong wheat intolerance and don’t do well with grains in general so I’m always looking for alternative recipes. Thank you from the bottom of my heart. You just made my day!!!!

Preparing a keto breakfast is no different than preparing any other meal. Simply focus on your macros, then fill in those macros with nutrient-dense foods. For example, if you know you’re sticking to 70% fats, 25% protein, and 5% carbs, you know you need a protein source, a low carb vegetable, and a fat source, either for sauteing or by preparing a sauce.
Ketones may also be important, or even necessary, for the bioenergetic signaling associated with mitohormesis. As will be discussed later, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPARα) is a nuclear receptor that is responsible for many of the bioenergetic adaptations associated with nutritional ketosis and mitohormesis [120]. In mice, a ketogenic diet (% energy: 90 fat, 0 carbohydrate, and 10 protein) increased blood BHB concentration to 1-2 mM and upregulated expression of numerous PPARα targets in the liver [37]. However, in mice fed a nonketogenic low-carbohydrate diet (% energy: 75 fat, 15 carbohydrate, and 10 protein), which did not raise blood concentration of BHB, the increased expression of PPARα targets did not occur [37], implying that induction of PPARα signaling by a ketogenic diet is dependent on ketones. This response may be, at least in part, a result of the epigenetic effects of BHB. In addition to HDAC inhibition, BHB also influences gene expression through β-hydroxybutyrylation of histone lysine residues [121]. In the livers of mice subjected to prolonged fasting, this β-hydroxybutyrylation has been associated with upregulation of PPAR signaling, oxidative phosphorylation, fatty acid metabolism, the proteasome, and amino acid metabolism related to redox balance [121]. Upregulation of these pathways is largely influenced by β-hydroxybutyrylation of the histone residue H3K9 [121], which is also involved in the upregulation of antioxidant defense through BHB-induced HDAC inhibition [103]. This potential for BHB to influence expression of both mitochondrial and antioxidant genes through a common histone residue is further indication of the overlap between bioenergetics and antioxidant defense and suggests that if mitohormesis is indeed induced during nutritional ketosis, induction may be dependent on ketones and may therefore not occur during a low-carbohydrate diet that is not ketogenic.
If you can't shake a hankering for a good old-fashioned McDonald's Egg McMuffin, this keto-friendly take on the classic from Peace, Love, and Low Carb will scratch that same itch. Use mason jar rings to cook the eggs into perfect bun-like circles, then layer it up with sausage and cheddar cheese. To upgrade way past drive-thru status (and add a dose of healthier fat), throw some avocado in there.
The ARC exerts opposing actions on food intake responding not only to leptin and insulin, but also to gut hormones (the most studied are ghrelin and, recently, PYY). The neurophysiological pathways suggest that feeding is regulated by a feedback loop, where the hypothalamus provides the long-term regulatory input to the NTS, which acts as a setpoint (Williams et al., 2001).
On a keto diet, carbs provide only about 5 percent of daily calories, compared to anywhere between 40–60 percent on a “standard diet.” Reducing carbohydrate consumption this drastically means that the majority of empty calories from highly processed foods must be eliminated from your diet, including things like white bread and rolls, pasta, rice or other grains, sugar-sweetened beverages, desserts, etc. These are the same foods that tend to cause fluctuating blood sugar levels, cravings for more carbs and sugar, low energy and contribute to overeating in general.
One particular concern to be aware of is the risk for ketoacidosis, which especially applies to diabetics. Ketoacidosis is a dangerous metabolic state in which excessive amounts of ketones are produced. In mostly healthy individuals, ketosis is regulated by insulin, which is the hormone that controls the creation of ketone bodies and regulates the flow of fatty acids into the blood.
I absolutely LOVE this bread. I make a fresh loaf every 1-2 weeks as needed. It took 3 tries to get it right. I had tried it with pre-ground NOW foods powdered psyllium husk powder and got a gooey, purple version [that still tasted great and toasted fine], and then I must have used a tiny bit too much liquid in another version because it was too dense, but now I precisely weigh everything and grind up my own psyllium husks in my coffee grinder as fine as I can get it and it comes out perfect every time. This is going to sound dramatic, but this bread has changed my life. lol… it’s a go-to for a quick meal if I have nothing else prepared because I can always find something delicious and keto-friendly to either slather on top, or make toast for my eggs, French toast [I can’t REMEMBER the last time I had French toast before I started making this bread!], or a quick little sandwich on the go. Maria – I’ve read almost all of your books and use so many of your recipes and tell everyone that will listen about you. I’ve sent your books to numerous family members, too. Thank you so much for everything you do. I started eating ‘The Maria Way’ last September and have lost that ‘inner carb demon’ that made me hungry all the time. That alone is priceless to me. I feel like I’ve finally been set free! Food has no hold over me anymore, now it’s about all the delicious and healthy food I CAN have and LOVE.
Just wanted to share that I made this recipe yesterday. I don’t have a lot of success with loaves so I used my bun top pans and the recipe gave me 12 rolls and a small loaf which I cut into 6 slices for a couple of french toast breakfast treats for me! I used a 1/4 cup measure for the rolls (not packed) and pressed the dough into the round shape. I thought I’d only get 6 actual burger buns but they were big enough to carefully slice in half so I got 12! I baked the rolls for 30 min and the loaf for 60. This will be my go to from now on! Thank you!

Type I diabetes is usually treated by insulin injections, that replace the body’s own insulin production. In Type I diabetics, lowering dietary carbohydrate consumption can reduce the need to inject insulin to lower blood sugar101. However, because they do not release any insulin Type I diabetics can be at risk of developing a complication called “Diabetic Ketoacidosis” (DKA). DKA occurs because, alongside its effects on glucose, insulin has other effects in the body. Insulin normally inhibits the release of fat (lipolysis) from adipose tissue. In Type I diabetics, the lack of insulin can lead to high levels of lypolysis, high levels of fatty acids in the blood, this then drives rapid and uncontrolled liver ketone production. The symptoms of DKA are weakness, confusion and deep gasping breathing. In order to avoid developing DKA while following a ketogenic diet, Type I diabetics should seek medical supervision and closely monitor their glucose and ketone levels if reducing their dietary carbohydrate intake. 
If you’re just starting the keto diet, breakfast might seem like the most challenging meal of the day. Lunches and dinners can easily be made keto by preparing recipes you already enjoy. Meals like salads, steak, salmon, and stuffed peppers are inherently low carb. But what about your favorite breakfast foods? Waffles, oatmeal, and pancakes are all off-limits.
Losing weight is 80% diet. Volek and Phinney did a study where they put people on a High fat (65-80% of calories from fat, 50-75 grams protein and low carb) and had one group do no exercise, one do resistance training and one to resistance training and cardio. All 3 groups lost the same amount of weight on average. But the resistance training group lost almost entirely fat while preserving muscle mass, which is important. So I always advocate some resistance training. 🙂
Monica, i use NOW psyllium as well but GRIND i t just in case, my lower half is still under cooked at 75 min on 325, but the top half is beautiful. This is my 3rd attempt. I don’t think it is the psyllium powder and the first time i used silicone pan this last time metal. I’m frustrated as I’m throwing away close to 5lbs almond flour for 4th attempt. My pan is standard size loaf pan maybe i should divide mixture into 2 smaller ones. Oh also, the first time I baked it at 375 for 60 min. The 2nd reduced water and psyllium. The 3rd was the first few lines above, still no luck, someone HELP
How long does it take to get into ketosis? This will depend on a few factors, including how strictly you limit your carb intake and also certain variables that are mostly out of your control, like your genetics, medical history, body composition and energy needs. If you’re consistently eating from food list, you should be able to see results and improvements within a short couple of weeks.
Hi Danielle, The bread will not rise without the baking powder, but you could try it if you don’t mind that. Some people make homemade baking powder with baking soda, cream of tartar, and arrowroot powder. But, arrowroot is still a very small amount of starch. Divided among the slices, it’s actually fewer carbs than some of the other ingredients (e.g. almond flour has a small amount of carbs also).
I have great respect for Harvard Medical School. I notice that they support their readers posting comments and I am most appreciative of the article and all the many thoughtful comments by the readers. The readers seem to have the most expertise here and I hope that the doctor who wrote the article will think long and hard about the comments by readers. After 35 years of clinical practice in mental health, I notice that all issues of emotion involve medical issues, nutrition, and the gut bacteria. I would say that these issues and all of the executive brain functions seem to improve with ketogenic principles. For those that apply it in a flexible and smart manner, it appears to improve every area of their lives. I strongly encourage the author of the article to take one class via The Institute for Functional Medicine. If he is open to more learning he can take more classes and get certified. I’m sure a fine doctor, he will be an even better doctor and personally healthier, if he gets more training. Are we all open to new learning(especially us healthcare providers)?

Ketone esters (BHB-BD) decreases muscle protein breakdown30. Exercise triggers the breakdown of some muscle proteins in order to top up metabolic processes inside the cell. This results in a rise in ‘branched chain amino acid’ levels inside the muscle after exercise. Taking a ketone ester drink before exercise decreased the exercise-induced rise in muscle branched chain amino acid levels. This could help to protect muscle during exercise. 


The longest studies/follow-ups for ketogenic diets are about 10 years long and have shown it to be safe [3, 4, 5, 6]. Studies that carefully keep people in metabolic wards to strictly monitor food intake and biomarkers are always short because they are very costly and laborious. Moreover, most participants are not able or willing to participate for a long time in a study that supervises food intake around the clock. For these reasons, these kinds of studies are always of short duration, a few weeks maximum.
There are a few supplements which may worsen blood sugar control or insulin sensitivity in certain people: excessive amounts of niacin may elevate blood sugar levels, and prescription digestive enzymes may cause an increase or decrease in blood sugar levels in people with exocrine pancreatic insufficiency. CLA (conjugated linoleic acid), a popular supplement for slimming, may worsen blood sugar control in diabetics and in obese people without diabetes.

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While exercise is a great way to bring down your blood glucose immediately, remember that physical activity should be a part of your lifestyle, not just a tool for producing one good test result. Getting your recommended periodic A1C tests will help you and your doctor determine if your blood glucose control is on target. And when you use your meter to test at home and at work, be sure to look for patterns in the results. This can help you and your diabetes care team tell whether you need to adjust your diet, medications, or both. The most important thing you can do to manage diabetes well is to control your blood glucose, and exercise is a key step toward reaching that goal.

Hi Howard, You’re right that this bread doesn’t rise much – the volume comes mostly from whipping the egg whites. If the whites fell too much, the bread might not be tall enough. But even if they didn’t, it might still be shorter than some other tall bread loaves. Feel free to multiply the recipe by 1.5 if you prefer a taller loaf. I’m glad you liked the flavor and texture!

Hello from Jakarta, Indonesia! I just tried your recipe coz i was making an eggs bennedict & needed something for “bread”. Your recipe was BY FAR the easiest to make & quite tasty! Initially i was worried about the “eggy” taste, but didn’t happen. I think i will be making this often… i will pre-measure the 30gr of almond flour & cut up 10gr of butter pieces for easier assembly in the mornings. Cheers!
An increase in fat burning ability could decrease the efficiency of exercise: one adaptation to a high fat diet is an increase in a process called mitochondrial uncoupling. This means that some of the stored energy from metabolic substrates is not used to generate ATP but is ‘dissipated’ leading to a decrease in efficiency of energy production 26 ,19.  
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Thanks so much for this recipe – it’s a staple. I always have some in the fridge and take it with me to restaurants – no more lettuce buns! I tweaked it a bit using some other keto supplies i had on hand – 1/4 tsp xanthan gum makes it less dense, 1-2 tsp of psyllium husk makes it a bit more bready, and then a spash of avacado or coconut oil to add moister and fat. I will sometimes fold in chedder and jalapenos for added flavor boost. Again, thank you -this recipe has helped me fulfill my need for bread on this diet.
In skeletal muscle, oxidative capacity and mitochondrial content are related to fiber type. Compared to type II fibers, type I fibers have larger mitochondria [370] with greater oxidative enzyme content [371]. While fiber type is plastic, particularly in response to endurance exercise, transformation from oxidative, slow-twitch fibers (type I) to glycolytic, fast-twitch fibers (type II) is unlikely to occur [372, 373]. Type II fibers, however, can shift in humans from highly glycolytic (type IIx) to more oxidative (type IIa) [373]. Compared to type IIx fibers, type IIa fibers have greater citrate synthase activity, indicating greater mitochondrial content [374]. The relevance of oxidative capacity and fiber type to oxidative stress has been demonstrated by greater mitochondrial respiration with less H2O2 production in permeabilized fibers from rat muscle consisting primarily of type I or IIa fibers versus type IIb fibers [375]. Although muscle fiber-type transformation has been well characterized in response to exercise, this appears to not be the case for ketogenic diets. However, in rats, β-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase (β-HAD) has been shown to increase most prominently in glycolytic, type IIb fibers following 4 weeks of a ketogenic diet (% energy: 70 fat, 6 carbohydrate, and 24 protein) [165], suggesting transition of these fibers towards type IIa fibers and, in turn, indicating potential for nutritional ketosis to promote a more oxidative muscle fiber composition.

Ketones may also be important, or even necessary, for the bioenergetic signaling associated with mitohormesis. As will be discussed later, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPARα) is a nuclear receptor that is responsible for many of the bioenergetic adaptations associated with nutritional ketosis and mitohormesis [120]. In mice, a ketogenic diet (% energy: 90 fat, 0 carbohydrate, and 10 protein) increased blood BHB concentration to 1-2 mM and upregulated expression of numerous PPARα targets in the liver [37]. However, in mice fed a nonketogenic low-carbohydrate diet (% energy: 75 fat, 15 carbohydrate, and 10 protein), which did not raise blood concentration of BHB, the increased expression of PPARα targets did not occur [37], implying that induction of PPARα signaling by a ketogenic diet is dependent on ketones. This response may be, at least in part, a result of the epigenetic effects of BHB. In addition to HDAC inhibition, BHB also influences gene expression through β-hydroxybutyrylation of histone lysine residues [121]. In the livers of mice subjected to prolonged fasting, this β-hydroxybutyrylation has been associated with upregulation of PPAR signaling, oxidative phosphorylation, fatty acid metabolism, the proteasome, and amino acid metabolism related to redox balance [121]. Upregulation of these pathways is largely influenced by β-hydroxybutyrylation of the histone residue H3K9 [121], which is also involved in the upregulation of antioxidant defense through BHB-induced HDAC inhibition [103]. This potential for BHB to influence expression of both mitochondrial and antioxidant genes through a common histone residue is further indication of the overlap between bioenergetics and antioxidant defense and suggests that if mitohormesis is indeed induced during nutritional ketosis, induction may be dependent on ketones and may therefore not occur during a low-carbohydrate diet that is not ketogenic.


I just made this bread and although mine looks more dense than yours, it is good. I was going to make it again using a little less water to see if I can get more rise, but then I read your comment about you not eating this bread because your keto bread is more weight loss friendly. So I shouldn’t eat this since I’m trying to lose weight? I’ve been keto-adapted for over a year, but I’ve only lost 62 pounds:( Thank you for your recipes and all of the research you do! Don’t think I could stick with this way of eating without being able to cook delicious food!
In addition, as early as in 2008, the Swedish Board of Health and Welfare examined and approved advice on LCHF within the health care system. Advice on LCHF is, according to the Swedish Board of Health and Welfare’s review, in accordance with science and proven knowledge. In other words, certified healthcare professionals, who give such advice (for example myself) can feel completely confident.

Fill half your plate with non-starchy vegetables. Split the other half in two between protein and whole-food carbs such as brown rice, quinoa, beans, legumes, or ancient grains such as amaranth, millet, or farro. These complex carbohydrates have more fiber and nutrients than processed carbs such as white rice, bread, and pasta, and the fiber helps control blood sugar levels.


For a diagnosis of metabolic syndrome, a child must have at least three of the four risk factors. The most common risk factors in teens are hypertension and abnormal cholesterol. Even when just one risk factor is present, a doctor will likely check for the others. This is especially true if a child is overweight, has a family member with type 2 diabetes, or has acanthosis nigricans.
I just made this today. If I lived in London and could hug you, I would! You have NO idea how many recipes I’ve tried for almond flour bread and they never come out right or taste very good. This recipe is amazing! Since I can’t use psyllium due to an allergy to it, I used ground flax seed meal instead. OMG, this bread is delicious! I used the small loaf pan like you did and it came out perfect. It rose above the pan and is a perfect loaf. I let it completely cool, cut it with a bread knife and it did NOT fall apart, something so many of these type of breads do. AND it does NOT taste eggy which has been another problem I’ve dealt with. The loaf is so pretty! I can’t wait to experiment with different spices or herbs in this bread. Another plus for me is that since the slices are smaller than regular bread, it helps with calorie control when putting things on it for a sandwich. I have a strong wheat intolerance and don’t do well with grains in general so I’m always looking for alternative recipes. Thank you from the bottom of my heart. You just made my day!!!!
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