As with PGC-1α, nutritional ketosis may activate FOXO3a by increasing activity of AMPK and sirtuins or by decreasing insulin. Expression of FOXO3a is increased by fasting, caloric restriction, and BHB [103, 105], all of which are or can be components of a ketogenic diet. Furthermore, BHB treatment has extended lifespan in C. elegans in a manner dependent on FOXO3a [95], and a ketogenic diet (% energy: 89 fat, <1 carbohydrate, and 10 protein) has increased median lifespan and decreased tumors and age-associated losses of physical and cognitive performance, all in conjunction with increased hepatic content of FOXO3a [36].
Most people who have metabolic syndrome have insulin resistance. The body makes insulin to move glucose (sugar) into cells for use as energy. Obesity, commonly found in people with metabolic syndrome, makes it more difficult for cells in the body to respond to insulin. If the body can’t make enough insulin to override the resistance, the blood sugar level increases, causing type 2 diabetes. Metabolic syndrome may be a start of the development of type 2 diabetes.
I can’t find an 8×4 pan in the local stores, so while I wait for one to be shipped I went ahead and made these into hamburger bun shape. I don’t have a kitchen scale so I just measured everything super precise and got great results. I only have NOW brand psyllium husk powder so yes, they are an odd shade of purple but they taste great so I don’t care. What I really wanted was a vessel for butter and it made for a great snack before bed- which I know I’m not supposed to have but I was too curious to wait until morning! 🙂 Thanks for the update on this recipe, it made all the difference!
342. Virbasius J. V., Scarpulla R. C. Activation of the human mitochondrial transcription factor A gene by nuclear respiratory factors: a potential regulatory link between nuclear and mitochondrial gene expression in organelle biogenesis. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 1994;91(4):1309–1313. doi: 10.1073/pnas.91.4.1309. [PMC free article] [PubMed] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
Yes, beating the egg whites until semi-stiff could trap even more air and result in fluffier bread. If you try it, can you let us know how it went? I’d be super interested to hear. As for the rise, it really depends on your tin. If it’s a large (regular) bread tin, your bread would probably not rise above. If you use a half-sized (ca 500g) tin, it should.
Some research suggests that ketogenic diets might help lower your risk of heart disease. Other studies show specific very-low-carb diets help people with metabolic syndrome, insulin resistance, and type 2 diabetes. Researchers are also studying the effects of these diets on acne, cancer, polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), and nervous system diseases like Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, and Lou Gehrig's disease.

Hello, may I ask if someone has some experience week fasting for 14 days? I was told that the food which should be started taken after 14 days of fasting has to be in very simple and in slow amount. Unfortunately 1-2 days after fasting I am allowed to take only bouillon out of buckwheat, barley, from the 3rd day buckwheat mush, and only from 5th day milk or sour cream, oil since 11th day. Can anyone advice how should I adopt this come back food path to Ketogenic diet? Thank you in advance, Maria
Metabolic syndrome is quite common. Approximately 32% of the population in the U.S. has metabolic syndrome, and about 85% of those with type 2 diabetes have metabolic syndrome. Around 25% of adults in Europe and Latin America are estimated to have the condition, and rates are rising in developing East Asian countries. Within the US, Mexican Americans have the highest prevalence of metabolic syndrome. The prevalence of metabolic syndrome increases with age, and about 40% of people over 60 are affected.
Being in optimal ketosis for a prolonged period of time (say, a month) will ensure that you experience the maximal hormonal effect from eating a low-carb diet. If this doesn’t result in noticeable weight loss, you can be certain that too many carbs are NOT part of your weight issue and not the obstacle to your weight loss. There are, in fact, other causes of obesity and being overweight. The next three tips in this series might help you.
Fill half your plate with non-starchy vegetables. Split the other half in two between protein and whole-food carbs such as brown rice, quinoa, beans, legumes, or ancient grains such as amaranth, millet, or farro. These complex carbohydrates have more fiber and nutrients than processed carbs such as white rice, bread, and pasta, and the fiber helps control blood sugar levels.
Version two was almond flour only. Right away I could tell the recipe would need some modifications. Almond flour doesn’t soak up nearly as much liquid as coconut flour, resulting in a very soupy batter. I added two more tablespoons of almond flour, which was double the amount of coconut flour, and it still wasn’t nearly as thick. After its short stint in the microwave, this bread turned out very moist, soft, and rather flimsy, but was pleasantly bland enough to go with any filling I wanted.
Nutritional ketosis may initiate bioenergetic and mitohormetic signaling through an increase in catecholamines or adiponectin, a decrease in insulin or glycogen, or an increase in β-oxidation that leads to an increase in mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (mtROS) or NAD+. This leads to further signaling involving AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), silent mating type information regulation 2 homologue 1 (SIRT1), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator 1α (PGC-1α), forkhead box O 3a (FOXO3a), and nuclear factor erythroid-derived 2-like 2 (NFE2L2), ultimately leading to transcription of genes related to oxidative capacity, mitochondrial uncoupling, and antioxidant defense. These adaptations collectively contribute to resistance against oxidative stress. Other proteins involved include liver kinase B1 (LKB1), which activates AMPK; nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT), which facilitates SIRT1 activation through NAD+ synthesis; and nuclear respiratory factors 1 and 2 (NRF-1 and NRF-2) and mitochondrial transcription factor A (TFAM), which promote mitochondrial biogenesis.
Look, the good doctor is right – he only forgot to stress “portion control” which is why many fanatical dieters are so kee-jerk reactive to any discussion – odds are you over ate like a hog before your keto diet, and are weak and insecure in your diet plans. Eat EVERYTHING in small amounts, and you will live long and prosper. The only thing to avoid are processed foods. Cook your meals from scratch using quality ingredients.
Look no further for keto breakfast recipes: This may be the only list you’ll ever need. There’s something for everyone here, including paleo, egg-free, dairy-free, vegetarian, vegan, and Whole30 options. (Only enjoy coffee or tea in the morning? We got you covered there, too.) Best of all? These recipes are all under 10 net carbs per serving — and most are much lower than that.
I have never commented on a recipe post ever. But i’ve tried so many mug breads and honestly Paola, this is the best hands down. It tasted lovely with a pleasing texture, more biscuit/scone like, which i am not complaining about. I used vanilla whey protein (which was sweetened) omitted the sweetener and used heavy cream in place of sour cream. Such a treat. Will be making again and again for sure.
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People who have metabolic syndrome or are at risk for it may need to take medicine as treatment. This is especially true if diet and other lifestyle changes have not made a difference. Your doctor may prescribe medicine to help lower blood pressure, improve insulin metabolism, lower LDL cholesterol and raise HDL cholesterol, increase weight loss, or some combination of these.

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Metabolic syndrome is a risk factor for neurological disorders.[38] Metabolomic studies suggest an excess of organic acids, impaired lipid oxidation byproducts, essential fatty acids and essential amino acids in the blood serum of affected patients.[medical citation needed] However, it is not entirely clear whether the accumulation of essential fatty acids and amino acids is the result of excessive ingestion or excess production by gut microbiota.[medical citation needed]
Luckily, DKA has some pretty glaring signs, so someone experiencing it can get help ASAP—symptoms include rapid and heavy breathing, having to pee a lot, and thirst that can’t be quenched, says Klett. As things progress, they’ll also “get confused, become delirious, and eventually have cardiovascular collapse because the blood pH gets so low,” and their organs will stop functioning properly. So again, treatment is necessary.

I would like to point out that the metric conversion of 3/4 cup to 90g coconut flour as stated in your recipe is incorrect. Should be 84g per package labeling (Bob’s Red Mill). Unfortunately I made my first batch with 90g of coconut flour, and it was definitely not “pourable”. More like scoopable. I will try again with correct amount but thought I would point so you can update the recipe. Thank you!

How long does it take to get into ketosis? This will depend on a few factors, including how strictly you limit your carb intake and also certain variables that are mostly out of your control, like your genetics, medical history, body composition and energy needs. If you’re consistently eating from food list, you should be able to see results and improvements within a short couple of weeks.

Hi Al, I’m glad you liked the taste and am honored you chose my site for your first ever comment! 🙂 I haven’t tried this recipe in a bread machine. Most likely the biggest issue with your bread being flat is that you didn’t fold the egg whites in – breaking them down would definitely make the bread flat. I haven’t tried adding yolks as most people want their bread less egg-y, not more. I’d have some concerns about the bread being too “wet” by adding them though, even if you like an eggy taste. A better option might be to brush the top with yolks for color.
The advice on carbohydrate-rich foods, for example, may make a person with type 2 diabetes require initiation of treatment with insulin injections. One single year’s insulin-consumption may easily cost $2000 or more. Multiply this number by the 422 million diagnosed people diabetes worldwide and you will see the enormous economical interests in this.
There is also exciting early research suggesting that ketosis may be beneficial for many other conditions, such as reducing the frequency and severity of migraine headaches, reversing PCOS, perhaps enhancing conventional brain cancer therapies, possibly slowing down the progression of Alzheimer’s disease, along with potentially helping people live longer, healthier lives.
Bread is one of the foods that people miss most on keto – at least I know I did – and a loaf of almond flour bread is a great alternative. But, for a lot of folks, it’s quite a task to make, because you have to separate eggs, and whisk the whites to stiff peaks and so on. So, for those folks on the go, or those without ovens and those simply without the time or inclination to cook, this 90-second keto bread made in the microwave is the perfect solution. It’s literally as simple as mixing a few ingredients in a mug and popping it in the microwave. And in less than two minutes you have a keto friendly bread, almost as easy as putting bread in the toaster.
The involvement of the endocannabinoid system in the development of metabolic syndrome is indisputable.[33][34][35] Endocannabinoid overproduction may induce reward system dysfunction[34] and cause executive dysfunctions (e.g., impaired delay discounting), in turn perpetuating unhealthy behaviors.[medical citation needed] The brain is crucial in development of metabolic syndrome, modulating peripheral carbohydrate and lipid metabolism.[33][34]
Increased reliance on mitochondrial respiration will increase the flow of electrons through the mtETC and, in turn, increase the potential for mtROS formation. Although oxidative stress is traditionally viewed as harmful, a modest increase in ROS is now established as a signaling stimulus that induces hormetic adaptation [3]. In regard to mitohormesis and mtROS, such adaptation is largely centered around antioxidant defense [4–6], making mitohormesis an attractive target for the prevention and treatment of chronic disease.

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One of the hardest things to do when I travel is to find something to take for lunch OTHER than salads–that gets old fast! This will be a HUGE help so that I can add “bread” back into my lunch menus! Thank you VERY much! So fast, so easy, and VERY usable for those of us stuck in hotel rooms with limited options for eating in. It really does have the texture of whole-grain type of bread!! You’re a life saver! 😀
Maria, thank you for this recipe! Made this yesterday, and was shocked that it really did come together so quickly! I weighed the ingredients out as you recommended, and that worked out really well which I prefer since so many measuring implements can vary from one to the next. I made the almond flour and egg white version, but may eventually try it with the coconut flour. Even my non-paleo, grain-eating husband liked this bread and agreed to put it in his sandwich bread rotation–so that excites me too! My bread did have a slight purplish hue to it (used the Vitacost brand psyllium husk powder), so I just ordered some of the Jay Robb brand psyllium powder so that my husband won’t have an excuse to not eat this when he goes to make a sandwich with it. Thanks again!
I read through aaaaallllll the comments for research before I made this bread, one thing I noticed when making your protein buns was – when I used 2 teaspoons of baking powder they deflated when exiting the oven. When I reduced the BP to 1.5 teaspoons, they turned out fine. I made two batches with 2 tsp of BP – they turned out like raisins, and 2 batches with 1.5 tsp of BP and they turned out fine. No one posting mentioned adjusting the baking powder – perhaps that would help in this recipe since deflating is a problem, maybe there is too much chemical loft for the non-gluten structure to handle?

The prevalence of metabolic syndrome increases with age, with about 40% of people older than 60 years meeting the criteria. [26] However, metabolic syndrome can no longer be considered a disease of only adult populations. Alarmingly, metabolic syndrome and diabetes mellitus are increasingly prevalent in the pediatric population, again in parallel with a rise in obesity. [50]
In addition, metabolic syndrome has been implicated in the pathophysiology of several other diseases, including obstructive sleep apnea. Breast cancer has also been linked to metabolic syndrome, possibly through dysregulation of the plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) cycle. [64] Additional studies have linked metabolic syndrome with cancers of the colon, gallbladder, kidney, and, possibly, prostate gland. [65] Evidence is emerging of an association with psoriasis. [66, 67]
If you divide the dough in 3 you’ll cook the bread for 90 seconds on high, but if you cook it all together you’ll want to do 150 seconds (2 1/2 minutes). Either way, it’ll come out looking pale and spongy (and not very appetizing at all tbh!). But worry not, just wait for it to cool down until just lightly warm (it continues to cook guys!), and then you’ll definitely want to give it a toast to get some texture on.
Ketogenic and low-carbohydrate diets greatly increase reliance on fat oxidation [78–89], which would logically be expected to increase mitochondrial respiration and mtROS production and, in turn, induce mitohormesis. Furthermore, mtROS produced through RET appears to have particular relevance to hormetic adaptation, including increased lifespan [90]. Nutritional ketosis is likely to increase RET by altering the FADH2 to NADH ratio. As the primary source of acetyl CoA shifts from glycolysis to β-oxidation and ketolysis, this ratio increases, more than doubling for β-oxidation of longer-chain fatty acids. Electrons from FADH2 reduce the CoQ pool through complex II and ETF-QO, thereby increasing RET [91, 92]. This induction of RET by alteration of substrate availability can also be influenced by configuration of mtETC complexes into supercomplexes [90]. The greater potential for mtROS production through RET is consistent with evidence of mitochondria producing more H2O2 during oxidation of palmitoyl carnitine versus pyruvate [93, 94]. Furthermore, succinate is generated during ketolysis by succinyl-CoA:3-oxoacid CoA-transferase (SCOT), which also promotes RET by reducing the CoQ pool through complex II. Demonstrating the likely role of RET in mitohormesis, particularly within the context of nutritional ketosis, extension of lifespan in C. elegans through BHB treatment is dependent on both complex I function and expression of bioenergetic and antioxidant proteins [95].
I just tried this for the first time and it didn’t turn out :(, it is very gummy and dense. I used Now Healthy Foods Psyllium Husk Powder, I measure out 10 TBSP and then weighed it, it went way over 90 grams on my scale so I kept using less and less until I got to what I thought was 90 grams. This powder is very fine. I looked for Jay Robb psyllium husk powder but the only thing on his website is psyllium seed husks? No powder? I see on your “store” you’re promoting “Frontier” psyllium husk powder, should we use that instead?
388. Little J. P., Safdar A., Wilkin G. P., Tarnopolsky M. A., Gibala M. J. A practical model of low-volume high-intensity interval training induces mitochondrial biogenesis in human skeletal muscle: potential mechanisms. Journal of Physiology. 2010;588(6):1011–1022. doi: 10.1113/jphysiol.2009.181743. [PMC free article] [PubMed] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
As a matter of fact, in animal models intracerebroventricular injections of long-chain FA reduced hypothalamic expression of NPY. NPY is an important orexogenic neuropeptide that is a downstream target of leptin and insulin in the hypothalamus. In some forms of hyperphagic obesity, characterized by elevated plasma leptin and insulin levels, the lack of action of insulin on NPY expression could explain the pathological condition. Central administration of oleic acid, fatty-acid synthase, or CPT-1 inhibitors prevents the rise in hypothalamic NPY mRNA induced by fasting (Obici et al., 2003). But glucose level is also involved in KD's food control mechanisms. According to glucostatic theory (Mayer, 1955) data indicates that ketosis did not influence FA glucose but instead stimulated the elevation of post-prandial glucose (Sumithran and Proietto, 2013) in non-diabetic subjects, while in diabetics there was a reduction of fasting glucose (Westman et al., 2008). It is important to note that carbohydrate availability may increase cellular levels of long-chain FA-CoA through an increase of malonyl-CoA, which inhibits oxidation of FAs.
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This paleo keto bread recipe makes a delicious option for coconut lovers. For a low-fuss loaf, blend coconut flour with ingredients like eggs, coconut oil, and salt — then bake away for a sturdy bread with only 1.3 net carbs per serving. Make this recipe totally nut-free (and more Bulletproof) by swapping almond milk with full-fat canned coconut milk.
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