As the rate of oxidative phosphorylation approaches the capacity of the mtETC, Δp will increase and facilitate mtROS production [53]. Higher oxidative capacity should therefore decrease the potential for mtROS production and subsequent oxidative damage. Furthermore, greater oxidative capacity may compensate for the resulting decrease in efficiency of ATP production associated with increased mitochondrial uncoupling. Since oxidative phosphorylation occurs exclusively in mitochondria, mitochondrial density is a key determinant of oxidative capacity [154].

Although mitohormesis has not been studied comprehensively in higher-level organisms, its occurrence is supported by compelling evidence in lower-level organisms. For example, inhibition of glycolysis in C. elegans increased fat oxidation (based on nematode triglyceride content) and mitochondrial O2 consumption, which was followed by increases in ROS production at day 2 and catalase activity at day 6 [72]. The increase in catalase activity occurred in conjunction with increases in lifespan and resistance to the mitochondrial stressors sodium azide and paraquat. However, antioxidant treatment (N-acetylcysteine) decreased the elevation of ROS at day 2 and eliminated the resistance to sodium azide and paraquat treatments, indicating a requirement of ROS as a stimulus [72].
Typically, to gain lean body mass one needs to have some degree of caloric surplus, or at the very least, not be in a significant deficit. This is especially true when looking to add muscle mass. It is certainly possible to gain muscle mass on a ketogenic diet. For most individuals this would require consuming adequate protein (while still remaining in ketosis), enough calories to support growth, sufficient electrolytes to support muscle function, as well as incorporating progressive resistance training. The type and volume of resistance exercise needed to add lean body mass will be very dependent on the individual and their age, training status, health status, etc. Therefore, the answer to this question can become quite nuanced, but in simple terms, yes, it is very possible to gain lean body mass on a ketogenic diet while still taking advantage of the health promoting effects this way of eating provides.
This recipe is like having last night's cake for breakfast — except it's fiber-filled chia seed pudding instead. This dessert-like breakfast from Healthy Sweet Eats is hardly a disappointing substitute, though. Fresh cherries add sweetness, while whole almonds add crunch (and more fiber). Plus, it's made with strongly brewed coffee to give you an extra jolt of caffeine with your usual cup of java.
Bread is one of the foods that people miss most on keto – at least I know I did – and a loaf of almond flour bread is a great alternative. But, for a lot of folks, it’s quite a task to make, because you have to separate eggs, and whisk the whites to stiff peaks and so on. So, for those folks on the go, or those without ovens and those simply without the time or inclination to cook, this 90-second keto bread made in the microwave is the perfect solution. It’s literally as simple as mixing a few ingredients in a mug and popping it in the microwave. And in less than two minutes you have a keto friendly bread, almost as easy as putting bread in the toaster.

In addition, as early as in 2008, the Swedish Board of Health and Welfare examined and approved advice on LCHF within the health care system. Advice on LCHF is, according to the Swedish Board of Health and Welfare’s review, in accordance with science and proven knowledge. In other words, certified healthcare professionals, who give such advice (for example myself) can feel completely confident.
The most common reason that any bread falls is that it needed to bake for longer. That being said, I’ll be perfectly honest – sometimes this keto bread recipe falls anyway, even despite doing everything else right. Fortunately this isn’t a huge deal because it still tastes delicious – IF you baked it for long enough and the center is cooked through.
Thank you for the terrific recipe. I must admit that this really turned out to be “oopsie bread” for me. Due to the expensive nature of the recipe (organic eggs, almond flour, grass fed butter) I really attempted to follow the recipe perfectly instead of going with my usual improvisational style. I also do not have a food processor however that did not impede anything… a hand mixer and a deft hand did the trick. I did add the optional xanthum gum and erythritol but not the cream of tartar. The batter filled my silicone loaf pan to the top, I smoothed it out and popped it into the oven. Then, to my horror, I saw the little pot of melted butter still on the stovetop. There was nothing to be done except cross my fingers and hope for the best.
A giant, late-night dinner is your blood sugar’s worst enemy. That’s because our bodies become more insulin resistant as the day goes on—so a meal that you eat in the evening will cause a greater spike in blood sugar than a meal you eat in the morning. Because of this, many nutrition experts advise front-loading your meals, or eating bigger meals earlier in the day and having a smaller dinner at least three hours before bed.
Ana, We like using a combination of almond flour and coconut flour for this bread to achieve the best flavor and texture. We haven’t tried this bread using only coconut flour, but it may work. Coconut flour absorbs liquid differently, so you’ll want to use about 1/4 the amount of coconut flour as almond flour (since the recipe calls for 2 cups almond flour, that would be 1/2 cup coconut flour in addition to the 3/4 cup coconut flour that the recipe already calls for). However, the flavor and texture of this bread will likely be different with that substitution. Please let us know how it goes if you give it a try!

These complications are not caused by a spike in the blood sugar. They are caused by an increased number of high blood sugar events over a period of time. Do not think that one or two high blood sugars are going to cause you to go blind. However, it is important to know what caused those high sugars so that you can prevent it from happening again. Hemoglobin A1C levels are checked to see what the average blood sugar has been over the past 120 days. Your doctor will check this to see if how your blood sugar levels have been trending.
Not quite sure if I’m doing it wrong but the mixture isn’t liquidy at all, it’s almost dry, it’s a bit difficult to mix and I had to add a tablespoon of water to even mix it. It didn’t come out fluffy looking like yours did, it’s rather dense (I guess from overmixing), but it doesn’t taste bad. I also added a pinch of oregano, cumin and garlic powder. I toasted it and had some hummus with it. 🙂 Any idea how to fix the batter or what I’m doing wrong?
Finally made this recipe, is my second bread recipe I’ve made and the top is nice but the inside always feels moist … I am putting it in the oven a bit more to see if it dries out, is that the texture that it should have because of the butter or what? I liked the flavor! Just not sure of how is supposed to be inside. I haven’t watched the video yet. Thanks!!
I made this yesterday and had 3 pieces. Had another 2 for breakfast today and after a few minutes I started feeling nauseated. The nausea got worse and worse, and I ended up projectile vomiting in the bathroom. I looked it up and it’s a symptom of psyllium husk overdose. I read that the max dosage per day is around 2tsp. I had around 10 times the daily dosage in my breakfast alone… I love all of Maria’s recipes but this is just a warning to watch out with the husk powder in this recipe! I did not grind mine to decrease the density of it. I am semi comatose in bed now while my husband takes care of our kids. 😁😁😁

Hi Al, I’m glad you liked the taste and am honored you chose my site for your first ever comment! 🙂 I haven’t tried this recipe in a bread machine. Most likely the biggest issue with your bread being flat is that you didn’t fold the egg whites in – breaking them down would definitely make the bread flat. I haven’t tried adding yolks as most people want their bread less egg-y, not more. I’d have some concerns about the bread being too “wet” by adding them though, even if you like an eggy taste. A better option might be to brush the top with yolks for color.
Some research suggests that ketogenic diets might help lower your risk of heart disease. Other studies show specific very-low-carb diets help people with metabolic syndrome, insulin resistance, and type 2 diabetes. Researchers are also studying the effects of these diets on acne, cancer, polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), and nervous system diseases like Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, and Lou Gehrig's disease.
Make this keto bread pizza base crispy and thin, or roll it into a thicker, fluffier crust — no matter how you prepare it, this recipe cuts out all dairy, grains, and gluten for a total of 6 net carbs. Coconut flour and psyllium creates a firm texture, while apple cider vinegar lends a tangy flavor. To stay more Bulletproof, avoid eating garlic and psyllium husk too often.
Before we begin, a disclaimer in order: If you want to actually understand this topic, you must invest the time and mental energy to do so.  You really have to get into the details.  Obviously, I love the details and probably read 5 or 6 scientific papers every week on this topic (and others).  I don’t expect the casual reader to want to do this, and I view it as my role to synthesize this information and present it to you. But this is not a bumper-sticker issue.  I know it’s trendy to make blanket statements – ketosis is “unnatural,” for example, or ketosis is “superior” – but such statements mean nothing if you don’t understand the biochemistry and evolution of our species.  So, let’s agree to let the unsubstantiated statements and bumper stickers reside in the world of political debates and opinion-based discussions.  For this reason, I’ve deliberately broken this post down and only included this content (i.e., background) for Part I.
The reason a starving person can live for 40-60 days is precisely because we can turn fat into ketones and convert ketones into substrate for the Krebs Cycle in the mitochondria of our neurons. In fact, the more fat you have on your body, the longer you can survive.  As an example of this, you may want to read this remarkable case report of a 382 day medically supervised fast (with only water and electrolytes)!  If we had to rely on glucose, we’d die in a few days.  If we could only rely on protein, we’d live a few more days but become completely debilitated with muscle wasting.
If you’re sensitive to coffee in the morning, swap it for matcha, which will still give you that caffeine fix in a milder dosage. Plus, matcha has a great flavor that works well with sweet and savory items, like nuts, fruit and seeds. This breakfast bowl by Gnom Gnom uses chia seeds, nut milk, and coconut to provide 10 grams of fat and keeps carbs low at 0.5 net grams. For a smoother texture, add avocado.
Just made my 3rd loaf. My technique has been improving each time so I am getting a better result! I had never baked anything before like this and there is an art involved. But the deliciousness has never been absent… the mixture of these ingredients has been amazing. Just going from Salvador Dali bread to Leonardo Divinci for style is the new goal!
Losing weight is 80% diet. Volek and Phinney did a study where they put people on a High fat (65-80% of calories from fat, 50-75 grams protein and low carb) and had one group do no exercise, one do resistance training and one to resistance training and cardio. All 3 groups lost the same amount of weight on average. But the resistance training group lost almost entirely fat while preserving muscle mass, which is important. So I always advocate some resistance training. 🙂
I LOVE this bread. I’ve made it a ton of times and it never disappoints. In fact, my friend and I like this bread more than any regular grain based bread we’ve ever had. I do have one small problem and was wondering if anyone can tell me what I am doing wrong. No matter how many times I’ve made this bread, the loaf always comes out lop-sided; meaning, it rises on one side more than the other and I cannot for the life of me figure out why. I would love to include a picture to illustrate what I mean, but there is no option to do this. All I can say is one side of the bread rises out above the bread tin more than the other side. I use a smaller loaf tin lined with parchment paper and follow all of the baking instructions to the tee. Any ideas???
I can’t tell you how this changed my life. This keto bread is extremely versatile and can be used for many dishes. I found that just adding a bit of stevia and vanilla to it makes it the perfect replacement for lady finger biscuits or savoiardi in our keto tiramisu. It’s also fantastic to use to make keto bread crumbs with and perfect for burgers or sandwiches. This bread is also just 4 net carbs for the entire mug, so that is a definite plus point. And with 28 grams of fat and 13 grams of protein, it really balances out, macros-wise.
So how does this work? A quick run-through: The first tip was to eat low carb. This is because a low-carb diet lowers your levels of the fat-storing hormone insulin, allowing your fat deposits to shrink and release their stored energy. This tends to cause you to want to consume less calories than you expend – without hunger – and lose weight. Several of the tips mentioned above are about fine-tuning your diet to better this effect.
Triglycerides are a common form of fat that we digest. Triglycerides are the main ingredient in animal fats and vegetable oils. Elevated levels of triglycerides are a risk factor for heart disease, heart attack, stroke, fatty liver disease, and pancreatitis. Elevated levels of triglycerides are also associated with diseases like diabetes, kidney disease, and medications (for example, diuretics, birth control pills, and beta blockers). Dietary changes, and medication if necessary can help lower triglyceride blood levels.

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Optimally, the management approach results in weight loss based on a healthy diet and regular physical activity, which includes a combination of aerobic activity and resistance training, reinforced with behavioral therapy. Metformin, an insulin sensitizer, or a thiazolidinedione (eg, rosiglitazone, pioglitazone) may be useful. Weight loss of ≈ 7% may be sufficient to reverse the syndrome, but if not, each feature of the syndrome should be managed to achieve recommended targets; available drug treatment is very effective.
Normally, the body breaks down carbohydrates, fat, and (sometimes) proteins to provide energy. When carbohydrate is consumed in the diet, some is used immediately to maintain blood glucose levels, and the rest is stored. The hormone that signals to cells to store carbohydrate is insulin. The liver stores carbohydrate as glycogen, this is broken down and released between meals to keep blood glucose levels constant. Muscles also store glycogen, when broken down this provides fuel for exercise. Most cells in the body can switch readily between using carbohydrates and fat as fuel. Fuel used depends on substrate availability, on the energy demands of the cell and other neural and hormonal signals. 

There are many long-term benefits of being in ketosis. The benefit that is most important for many people is fat loss. Following the ketogenic diet even helps you to reduce the otherwise hard to lose belly fat. The primary reason why it is easy to lose excess fat on a ketogenic diet is the normalization of appetite. You don’t feel the need to overeat, day in and day out. Most people find it easy to lose weight on a ketogenic diet, even morbidly obese people that have tried failed on multiple other diets.


For a given quantity of fuel, the maximum amount of work that can be obtained from that fuel in a closed system is called ‘the Gibbs free energy’ (G). This takes into account the inherent ‘heat’ (combustion enthalpy (H)) and a property called entropy (a measure of tendency towards ‘disorder’ (S). The change in Gibbs free energy (∆G) is related to the change in combustion enthalpy (∆H), change in entropy (∆S) and the temperature (T):
A high proportion of energy from ketone oxidation is transferred to the electron transport chain at the start (as NADH+), in comparison to the energy from fat, where a high proportion is transferred ‘downstream’ (as FADH). This means that, even though there is a high amount of ‘potential energy’ in a fat molecule, less of this can be transferred to ATP.   

If you divide the dough in 3 you'll cook the bread for 90 seconds on high, but if you cook it all together you'll want to do 150 seconds (2 1/2 minutes). Time can vary a lot in microwaves, but to give you an idea mine is 1000 watts. Either way, it'll come out looking pale and spongy (and not very appetizing at all tbh!). But worry not, just wait for it to cool down until just lightly warm (it continues to cook as it cools guys!). Then you'll definitely want to give it a good toast to get some texture on (non negotiable guys!). 
Schele E., Grahnemo L., Anesten F., Hallen A., Backhed F., Jansson J. O. (2013). The gut microbiota reduces leptin sensitivity and the expression of the obesity-suppressing neuropeptides proglucagon (Gcg) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (Bdnf) in the central nervous system. Endocrinology 154, 3643–3651. 10.1210/en.2012-2151 [PubMed] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]

the abnormal accumulation of ketones in the body as a result of excessive breakdown of fats caused by a deficiency or inadequate use of carbohydrates. Fatty acids are metabolized instead, and the end products, ketones, begin to accumulate. This condition is seen in starvation, occasionally in pregnancy if the intake of protein and carbohydrates is inadequate, and most frequently in diabetes mellitus. It is characterized by ketonuria, loss of potassium in the urine, and a fruity odor of acetone on the breath. Untreated, ketosis may progress to ketoacidosis, coma, and death. See also diabetes mellitus, ketoacidosis, starvation. ketotic, adj.

Ketogenic diet could improve body composition: For some sports (such as gymnastics, cycling and some fighting sports), power to weight ratio is a key determinant of performance. Because the ketogenic diet has been associated with fat loss accompanied by lean muscle maintenance (or gain), it could thereby improve the power to weight ratio 21 ,22 and performance. 
Alberti KG, Eckel RH, Grundy SM, Zimmet PZ, Cleeman JI, Donato KA, et al. Harmonizing the metabolic syndrome: a joint interim statement of the International Diabetes Federation Task Force on Epidemiology and Prevention; National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute; American Heart Association; World Heart Federation; International Atherosclerosis Society; and International Association for the Study of Obesity. Circulation. 2009 Oct 20. 120 (16):1640-5.
The advice above is therefore not only illogical, but also works poorly. It completely lacks scientific support according to a Swedish expert investigation. On the contrary, in recent years similar carbohydrate-rich dietary advice has been shown to increase the risk of getting diabetes and appears to potentially worsen blood sugar levels long-term in people who already have type 2 diabetes. The advice does not improve their health in other important ways either.
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I’m just starting a new low carb diet and I love your channel. You have so many great and easy recipes but I will definitely be trying this bread out. I love burgers, and was sad I won’t be able to have a bun anymore. I tried a different recipe before and it just tasted like eggs. This looks like it will work much better for me. I may try and make a few batches all at once in the oven and then freeze it for later. Rock on! \m/
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Ketolysis is the process of breaking down ketones to ultimately provide energy through the Krebs Cycle and mitochondrial oxidative (using oxygen) phosphorylation. Ketone bodies are broken down in the mitochondria of virtually all tissues in the body. The liver is a notable exception, being unable to utilise ketones as a fuel because liver cells lack acetyl-CoA thiolase, a key enzyme in the ketone oxidative pathway. BHB enters the mitochondria of the cell through a monocarboxylate transporter, undergoes conversion to acetoacetate by BHB dehydrogenase and then addition of a CoA group from succinyl-CoA by 3-oxo-acid transferase. The resulting acetoacetyl-CoA acts a substrate for the formation of two molecules of acetyl-CoA in a reaction catalysed by acetyl-CoA thiolase. Acetyl-CoA is then available to condense with oxaloacetate and enter the Krebs cycle.

How does high blood sugar (hyperglycemia) feel? To maintain the right amount of blood sugar, the body needs insulin, a hormone that delivers this sugar to the cells. When insulin is lacking, blood sugar builds up. We describe symptoms of high blood sugar, including fatigue, weight loss, and frequent urination. Learn who is at risk and when to see a doctor here. Read now
People who have metabolic syndrome typically have apple-shaped bodies, meaning they have larger waists and carry a lot of weight around their abdomens. It's thought that having a pear-shaped body — that is, carrying more of your weight around your hips and having a narrower waist — doesn't increase your risk of diabetes, heart disease and other complications of metabolic syndrome.
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Maria – Love this recipe – took me 4 times before I got it how I wanted it and I add sesame seeds. Then I slice really really thin – about 1/2 cm then dry all the slices in the oven ready for toasting. However, right now I can only find baking powder with vanilla. Can I sub baking soda which together with the vinegar should work but how much? Can you help please?

This keto bread recipe answers your sweet and spicy cravings with a tender loaf made from gluten-free flours and warm cinnamon. Each serving of this bread delivers 7.6 net carbs, but you can cut more carbs with a sweetener like non-GMO erythritol. Stay more Bulletproof with grass-fed ghee and Ceylon cinnamon, plus avoid eating chia or flax too often.
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