How, exactly, does our body take pyruvate (from glucose) or acetyl CoA (from fat) and generate so much ATP?  The answer lies in the beauty of the Krebs Cycle, which feeds into a process called the electron transport chain (or ETC), I alluded to above.  Since the adage ‘you can’t get something for nothing’ is as true in biochemistry as it appears to be in life, to get all that ATP (i.e., stored energy in the form of the phosphate bond), we need to give up something.  What the ETC does give up, as its name suggests, is electrons.  Through a series of redox reactions the ETC trades the stored energy held by electrons going from higher to lower energy states in exchange for the chemical energy stored in the bonds of the third phosphate group on an ATP molecule.
As the rate of oxidative phosphorylation approaches the capacity of the mtETC, Δp will increase and facilitate mtROS production [53]. Higher oxidative capacity should therefore decrease the potential for mtROS production and subsequent oxidative damage. Furthermore, greater oxidative capacity may compensate for the resulting decrease in efficiency of ATP production associated with increased mitochondrial uncoupling. Since oxidative phosphorylation occurs exclusively in mitochondria, mitochondrial density is a key determinant of oxidative capacity [154].
The key with diabetes is always consistency. A steady intake of the right amount of carbohydrates helps in keeping things under better control and prevents blood sugar spikes. Although many people believe that low-carb is best, that is not true during pregnancy. You need the carbohydrates for the growth of the fetus and to keep your energy level up. Talk to your doctor and nutritionist about what is best for you.
In some cases epilepsy cannot be treated successfully using anticonvulsant medications. In some cases where drugs have failed, the ketogenic diet has been widely documented to deliver transformative seizure control, reducing frequency by anywhere between 40-90%43. Whilst the exact mechanisms underlying the beneficial effect of the ketogenic diet are unclear, the hypothesised mechanisms include:
Long-term compliance is low and can be a big issue with a ketogenic diet, but this is the case with any lifestyle change.  Even though the ketogenic diet is significantly superior in the induction of weight loss in otherwise healthy patients with obesity and the induced weight loss is rapid, intense, and sustained until at least 2 year, the understanding of the clinical impacts, safety, tolerability, efficacy, duration of treatment, and prognosis after discontinuation of the diet is challenging and requires further studies to understand the disease-specific mechanisms.
Preparing a keto breakfast is no different than preparing any other meal. Simply focus on your macros, then fill in those macros with nutrient-dense foods. For example, if you know you’re sticking to 70% fats, 25% protein, and 5% carbs, you know you need a protein source, a low carb vegetable, and a fat source, either for sauteing or by preparing a sauce.

I share with you all my knowledge to whom it interest, I believe we all want to live a healthy, wealthy and long lasting life or to be an immortal. First i will testify that i am now hiv/aids free and now able to live life without fears, And i will say Thank you priest for a life change transformation. I lived here in norway, And i only want to give guidelines to heal and recover faster from any ailment and disease, Either, Hiv/Aids, Most people will think being a become has a special limitations, But trust me it is fun and will help achieve all quest of life endevours, I will give guidelines on how to be a vampire with great skills, Abilities and powers. Though being a vampire has certain limitations, But it can also be a ton of fun. Your extra strengths and abilities can make you successful in almost every endeavor you participate in life and before you know it the money and acquaintances will come streaming in. You can build wealth and gain prestige and notoriety and attempt things you may never have even considered as a human. you will have more time to do alot, Beef up your education and learn all you ever wanted. Travel the world to see things most people only ever see on TV. This is going to be especially fun if you turn into a vampire. Clan vampires will show you the wonders of the world. Learn new languages, Travel, Go skydiving or scuba dive with sharks, You no longer need to be scared of nature or wildlife you will become the worlds strongest predator. Have fun with it and your life as a vampire can be more fulfilling than you ever dreamed of. Experience these and get excited. There’s a big world out there with lots to see and do and as a vampire once you have received the vampire Blood and Ring. Powers, Skills, Abilities, Mights you shall poses. The only way to have all these come through is contacting the hindu lord on the below e-mail: vampirelordtransformerchanging@gmail.com
If you need to lose weight, find an eating plan you can stick with. “Whatever results in lasting weight loss for you is the best approach for you,” Wright says. “If you make over-restrictive changes you can't maintain, as soon as you tire of that diet, you will fall back to what you did previously, gain weight, and raise your risk of type 2 diabetes.”
What else can I say about him, today am very grateful to him as I am finally cured of herpes disease that I have been eating me up for over a year and 6 months.After searching for different means to get my self cure but nothing seems to work out,Behold today i can boldly stand and testify to the world at large that with the help of an herbal medicine,I have found myself back to my feet and healthy again in just after few days that i got in contact with a GOD sent man,through help on a blog which talk about herpes cure,how she was cured through the herbal medicine too which was sent to her from doctor Dr Ebude.So i decided to give this great man a try by contacting him via his email and mobile no,explained to him what my problems his and he told me all would be fine and well by the time he his done with is own work that i just have to believe in him which i did ,low and behold,today i am very happy as it was just all like a magic that is why i have come here to testify to the world at large and also to share my experience because I know there are many people out there who are also in searching for cure to one disease or the other,you can as well get Dr Ebude the great now for herbal medicine help through his contact address on hpvnaturalremedyclinic@gmail.com also on mobile wha’sapp no +234 8127918703 as i fully believe he is able and capable also getting rid of disease like
Research shows that Western diet habits are a factor in development of metabolic syndrome, with high consumption of food that is not biochemically suited to humans.[21] Weight gain is associated with metabolic syndrome. Rather than total adiposity, the core clinical component of the syndrome is visceral and/or ectopic fat (i.e., fat in organs not designed for fat storage) whereas the principal metabolic abnormality is insulin resistance.[22] The continuous provision of energy via dietary carbohydrate, lipid, and protein fuels, unmatched by physical activity/energy demand creates a backlog of the products of mitochondrial oxidation, a process associated with progressive mitochondrial dysfunction and insulin resistance.
The beautiful part of good science is its self-correcting nature. The ugly part is this self-correcting nature often moves at a glacial pace—and it’s not linear. We often view history century-by-century and see what amounts to continual progress in medicine. But we live our lives—and consume information—day-by-day, exposed to the peaks and valleys of medical wisdom.
In 2005, the American Heart Association (AHA) in conjunction with the NHLBI also released a scientific statement regarding metabolic syndrome that includes a set of criteria that defines the condition. In order to provide more consistency in both patient care and research, the International Diabetes Federation, NHLBI, AHA, World Heart Federation, and the International Association for the Study of Obesity published a joint statement in 2009 that describes a "harmonized" definition of metabolic syndrome. Waist circumference, with population and country-specific criteria, replaced obesity as a measure of body status.
In the absence of acetyl CoA (several ways this can happen, including substrate shortage, as I’m describing here) we evolved a cool trick.  Our liver can make – out of fat or protein, though we much prefer to use fat so we can spare our protein and prevent severe muscle wasting – something called beta-hydroxybutyrate, one of the 3 ketone bodies I described above.
As is in the case of GABA, the intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) hypothesis works against the hunger-suppressive role of KD: it has been demonstrated that the hypothalamic ROS increase through NADPH oxidase is required for the eating-inhibitory effect of insulin (Jaillard et al., 2009); moreover it has been demonstrated that there is a ROS-dependent signaling pathway within the hypothalamus that regulates the energy homeostasis, and that activation of ROS-sensitive mechanisms could be sufficient to promote satiety (Benani et al., 2007). On the other side, KBs decreases mitochondrial production of ROS by increasing NADH oxidation in the mitochondrial respiratory chain (Maalouf et al., 2007).
Clinical results suggest both direct and indirect actions of ketones via modifications of various hunger-related hormones concentrations. While it’s not completely clear how ketosis reduces appetite, studies have found that ketosis is effective at lowering food intake and regulating appetite by altering levels of the hunger hormones including cholecystokinin (CCK) and ghrelin. At the same, ketone bodies seem to affect the hypothalamus region in the brain, positively impact leptin signals, and avoid slowing down the metabolism like most other diets do. (5)
Like chili, but with a fried egg on it. This recipe is also made with breakfast sausage patties instead of ground beef or turkey to give it a morning twist (and pack in the protein). Pair this recipe from I Breathe I'm Hungry with your usual favorite chili toppings, like sour cream or chives. (Hint: It's also a perfect recipe to break out for early morning football tailgates.)
Grateful to DR UDI for all his help for my life, my partner was having Herpes Simplex Virus, and we were planing on getting married, when we decided to get ourselves tested first and we found out that my Girlfriend was HSV 2 Positive, my Girlfriend was so unhappy, because this was a barrier for us to get married, so i went out to search out a remedy for my partner, and it was so surprising how DR UDI has been a blessing and healing to the masses, after reading about his work on a blog i immediately emailed him: [Drudiherbalhome@gmail .com] and he wrote back to me that my Girlfriend will be OK and that we we get married this same year, i couldn’t believe it, after doing all that is needed to be done, i was surprise that after 2 weeks of using his medicine my Girlfriend went to the doc and was diagnose negative. For more info contact his email (drudiherbalhome@gmail .com) or call or what-app him via +2348051243538 and you will get your illness cure.
First I tried using coconut flour only. The batter was very thick and pasty and the resulting bread was very firm and dry, like a really dry biscuit. It did, however, keep its shape well and toasted up evenly golden-brown in a skillet with oil. I thought about trying again with more liquid, but that wouldn’t solve its fatal flaw: the strong, overwhelming coconut flavor. Even chicken and sun-dried tomato pesto could barely cover it up.
Hi Maria! I just want to say thank you for this bread recipe! It is awesome! It took me 4 times to get the technique down, but it works with both the Jay Rob psyllium and the bulk I get at my local store (which turns it purple). I watched your video and realized I was doing two things wrong… I was over-mixing and then I was squishing or handling the dough too much. With a little shorter mixing time, like you show on your video, and with light hands “shaping” the dough to fit in the pan, I have met with success! I also picked up the same size pan you use at the grocery store for about $5. This is the only low-carb gluten-free bread my daughter will eat. She loves it! Thanks again!

Hi James, Thank you for sharing. Most likely this wasn’t fully cooked if it stuck to the parchment paper, as I never have to grease it, but I did add a note to the post that you could do that to be on the safe side. I think the previous recipe and post were not clear enough on how to make sure that it’s done, so I updated them and hope that will help. I’d love to know if that made a difference if you try it again. But, this bread is more similar to fluffy pre-sliced white bread than a crusty bread, so I still would not expect a crust. If you are looking for a crusty bread, try this almond flour bread instead.


For a diagnosis of metabolic syndrome, a child must have at least three of the four risk factors. The most common risk factors in teens are hypertension and abnormal cholesterol. Even when just one risk factor is present, a doctor will likely check for the others. This is especially true if a child is overweight, has a family member with type 2 diabetes, or has acanthosis nigricans.
Carbohydrates need to be consistent. You don’t want to eat all of your daily carb count in one meal. That will cause your blood sugar to spike, and then drop during the other meals. Giving your body a steady amount of carbohydrates will provide a stable amount of energy. It will also help your body make enough insulin to keep your blood sugar at a healthy number.

I don’t think I have ever posted anything on any other blog before in my life, but this time it’s just plain necessary. 🙂 Basically, I just wanted to let you know that you are a GENIUS, this is by far the best grain free bread I have ever tasted!! I made it with almond flour and egg whites only, and even my boyfriend (who’s the type of guy who generally dislikes anything remotely healthy) had to admit that it’s pretty good — and that it doesn’t remind him of scrambled eggs. 🙂 So thank you, thank you, thank you!


293. Geng T., Li P., Okutsu M., et al. PGC-1α plays a functional role in exercise-induced mitochondrial biogenesis and angiogenesis but not fiber-type transformation in mouse skeletal muscle. American Journal of Physiology-Cell Physiology. 2010;298(3):C572–C579. doi: 10.1152/ajpcell.00481.2009. [PMC free article] [PubMed] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
How can ketosis help reduce your risk various health concerns? It comes down to the benefits of stabilizing your blood sugar and decreasing glucose intake and usage. As glucose enters your blood, your pancreas sends out insulin to pick up the sugar and carry it to your cells so they can use it as energy. However, when your cells have used or stored all the glucose that they can, what remains is converted into glycogen to be stored in the liver and muscles OR converted into triglycerides, the storage form of fat.
[…] One of the things I’ve grown to love over the years is fried eggs with runny yolks. They’ve become a regular breakfast for me on the weekends. However, when I do regular low carb high fat meals, I like to have toast to dip into the egg yolks. Psyllium low carb bread seems to be all the rage right now, so I came up with this coconut flour psyllium husk bread that is perfect with my morning eggs. I’m not really sure who started the low carb psyllium bread trend, but one of the first breads I’ve found was Maria Emmerich’s Amazing Bread. […]
Hi Danielle, The bread will not rise without the baking powder, but you could try it if you don’t mind that. Some people make homemade baking powder with baking soda, cream of tartar, and arrowroot powder. But, arrowroot is still a very small amount of starch. Divided among the slices, it’s actually fewer carbs than some of the other ingredients (e.g. almond flour has a small amount of carbs also).

If you do not have an Instant Pot yet, I have to tell you, I am not a gadget girl and I adore my slow cooker. I like the idea of filling my slow cooker the night before, place the shell in the fridge overnight and turning it on in the morning and allow the meal to cook while I am working or exploring nature all day. However, the Instant Pot was easy to fall in love with. It is also a slow cooker! And on days when I forget to plan ahead, I can make a delicious meal in minutes. Click HERE to find the Instant Pot I love. 


Maria, I made your bread using NOW psyllium, it tastes more like a loaf of real bread than anything I’ve tried. It’s lots better than the pricey Low Carb Bread Company loaves that I have been buying on Netrition. I had previously tried a similar recipe that had coconut flour, and even though I added quite a bit of onion powder, the coconut flavor was still distinguishable, and I’m not a fan.
289. Kukidome D., Nishikawa T., Sonoda K., et al. Activation of AMP-activated protein kinase reduces hyperglycemia-induced mitochondrial reactive oxygen species production and promotes mitochondrial biogenesis in human umbilical vein endothelial cells. Diabetes. 2006;55(1):120–127. doi: 10.2337/diabetes.55.1.120. [PubMed] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]

People who have metabolic syndrome or are at risk for it may need to take medicine as treatment. This is especially true if diet and other lifestyle changes have not made a difference. Your doctor may prescribe medicine to help lower blood pressure, improve insulin metabolism, lower LDL cholesterol and raise HDL cholesterol, increase weight loss, or some combination of these.

The clinical relevance of nutritional ketosis to mitochondrial function is further indicated by promotion of ketogenic diets for treatment of mitochondrial disorders [19, 20, 26, 30, 247, 403]. The most prominent example is the study of mitochondrial adaptations as a mechanism for the well-known antiseizure effect of ketogenic diets [19, 29, 33, 162, 247, 403–405]. As previously discussed, the dramatic shift in energy metabolism and subsequent increase in circulating ketones induced by a ketogenic diet can enhance mitochondrial function and endogenous antioxidant defense. The primary mechanism behind these adaptations appears to be the increased demand for fat oxidation resulting from carbohydrate restriction. However, ketones themselves have important metabolic and signaling effects that enhance mitochondrial function and endogenous antioxidant defense, implying that a well-formulated ketogenic diet should have greater benefit than a nonketogenic low-carbohydrate diet. Regardless of the mechanism(s), the potential outcomes imply protection against chronic disease through improved mitochondrial function and, in turn, decreased potential for oxidative stress and subsequent pathology. However, further research is needed to better understand how nutritional ketosis influences mitochondrial function across different tissues and how these influences relate to human disease. Future research should also focus on further differentiation of the effects of carbohydrate restriction from the direct effects of ketones.


So, now, I’ve got another loaf in the oven. I doubled the salt, ground up the Psyllium Husk in my Blend Tec (instead of the shoddy thing I used the first time) and reduced the baking soda to 3 tsp. I also (accidentally) ended up with 1 egg yolk in there. Hopefully, that won’t cause too much of an issue. I weighed all my ingredients and I’m hopeful that this batch will give me the results I am looking for. I would *love* a grilled cheese sandwich for a quick-fix dinner with my keto plan. 🙂 Thanks for the recipe. I’ll let you know how this batch turns out.
Whilst the diet is broadly acknowledged to be safe strategy where medications have failed, side effects such as kidney stones, hyperlipidemia and can occur47. Furthermore, maintaining dietary adherence in young school age children can be very challenging for caregivers. Exogenous ketones may be an alternative or a adjunct to the ketogenic diet in epilepsy. Early work suggests that exogenous ketones could have antiseizure effects. Injection of the ketones acetoacetate and acetone have been found to have anticonvulsant properties in animal models48, and an acetoacetate diester was found to protect against seizures in rats exposed to high levels of oxygen49. Further studies are required to understand specifically how ketone bodies affect seizure control, however for children who experience daily seizures a combination of the ketogenic diet and exogenous ketones could be helpful to manage their condition.    
Because I know people will ask, I have not been on a ketogenic diet “regularly” since about mid- to late-2014. The reasons are too nuanced to describe here, but my deviation is not because I lost confidence in its efficacy. With nearly a decade of clinical experience, I can safely say I was an outlier (in the best sense) with respect to my physiology and response. I was leaner, and more mentally and physically fit during this three year period than during any other period of time as an adult, and my biomarkers were as good as they had ever been. I’ve also seen the benefit of ketogenic diets first-hand on my patients and my own sister, a remarkable story I hope to share one day. But I’ve also been humbled by my inability to explain why some people have suboptimal or even negative responses to NK. I would say, all things considered, my knowledge of ketosis is greater today than when I was writing about it voraciously, but my confidence in my understanding of it, might actually be lower. As the saying goes, the further one goes from shore, the deeper the water gets.
I appreciate the great Dr BEN for his healing herbal medicine he prepared for me, after being a sufferer of HSV 1&2 Disease for 2years. it was very surprising how i got cured from Dr BEN herbal medicine, that quickly cleanse my whole body and today after checking myself in the hospital i was found negatives, dear viewers my doctor personally told me that there was no cure for my Disease at first i thought the world has ended for me but as soon as i got reached to Dr BEN herbal medicine, my story was not the same again, i only used Dr BEN herbal medicine for just 3weeks and i was totally cured, no one deserve to suffer for so long,health is wealth my dear viewers no amount of money can cure you except you get the right remedy and be cured completely, today a cure is found and confirm by many others like me, Dr BEN also has other cure for HIV AIDS, DIABETES,HEPATITIS B,CANCER,HEART DISEASE,MIGRAINES,COLD SORES,I am going to keep spreading this good news to the whole world, his email address is:drben524@gmail.com or his What app Mobil:+2348078665168

Low blood sugars can be caused by not eating enough, or by trying to lower your sugar too quickly. A blood sugar under 60 is considered dangerous. It can lead to confusion or loss of consciousness, which can be deadly. It is important to have a snack with you at all times in case this happens to you. If it does happen, think about what you did or didn’t do that lead to the low number. If it happens often, start writing things down to help you track what the cause is so that you can avoid it.
Herbal health remedies foundation that you can trust for ALS. When he went to herbal health remedies foundation for 3 weeks and they did a cleansing program to get toxins out of his body, when my brother  went home he was on IV vitamins. Then he took out all the mercury filling out of his mouth. Took lots of vitamins etc… what I do know is they gave him 2 years and he lived almost 7 years. I think what made the most difference for him was the AMAZING care he had, he stayed at home with family and friends. “Food for the soul” is what I call it. I miss him so bad. Website:http://herbalhealthremediesfoundation.com Contact their email: dr.anthony@herbalhealthremediesfoundation.com
This keto bread recipe delivers sweet heat with no corn whatsoever — instead, it uses a blend of coconut flour and sweetener to capture the same taste and texture for about 3 net carbs per serving. Add fresh cranberries and jalapeño slices for a fun twist that pairs well with holiday meals. To keep this recipe more Bulletproof, use grass-fed butter, swap almond milk with full-fat canned coconut milk, and skip the peppers if you have a nightshade sensitivity.
×