Most of these benefits occur due to the decrease in dietary carbohydrate intake; it is largely unknown what role ketones themselves play in the efficacy of the diet. Because of this, it is unclear how exogenous ketones could be used to help treat diabetes. One effect that is consistently reported is that ketone ester and ketone salt drinks and infusions lower blood glucose and lipid levels 11,106 ,107. It is also possible that exogenous ketones have a positive effect on insulin sensitivity; ketone ester supplementation increased insulin sensitivity in rodents by 73%108. It is possible that exogenous ketones could be used alongside diet and lifestyle changes to help control blood in diabetes, but further research must be done before this can be realised. 
Central obesity is a key feature of the syndrome, being both a sign and a cause, in that the increasing adiposity often reflected in high waist circumference may both result from and contribute to insulin resistance. However, despite the importance of obesity, patients who are of normal weight may also be insulin-resistant and have the syndrome.[27]

I never believed i would be healed someday from Diabetes type 2.This disease started circulating all over my body and i have been taking treatment from my doctor, few weeks ago i came on search on the internet if i could get any information concerning the prevention of this disease, on my search i saw a testimony of someone who has been healed from (Diabetes 2 and Cancer) by this Man DR iyoriobhe and she also gave the email address of this man and advise we should contact him for any sickness that he would be of help, so i wrote to his mail telling him about my (Diabetes) he told me not to worry that i was going to be cured!! hmm i never believed it,, well after all the procedures and remedy given to me by this man few weeks later i started experiencing changes all over me as DR iyoriobhe assured me that i have cured,after some time i went to my Dr to confirmed if i have be finally healed, behold! it was TRUE, So friends my advise is if you have such sickness or any other at all you can email DR iyoriobhe on : doctoriyoriobhe4@gmail. com OR whatsapp him ,+1 606-654-3154 .

Hello, I’m sure you must roll your eyes at getting yet another post about glitches when making this bread. Unlike the first loaf I made I had four loaves turn out gummy. it still makes reasonable toast but I’d like to avoid this the next time I make the bread. I used your recommended almond flour, and I really ground the psyllium. However in narrowing things down there are two factors that may have contributed to the problem: 1) I mixed up two loaves at a time and I wonder if the dough was too heavy for my mixer and did not combine sufficiently. 2) I may have let a very small amount of yolk fall into the whites. Would either of these caused the gummy texture? Thanks for this amazing website. We purchased all your books and find them a wealth of information. Liz

There is nothing inherently difficult about following a ketogenic diet. We have many patients who do this very easily over many years. The metabolic benefits significantly outway any perceived challenges from limiting particular food types. Uptake would be far more widespread if nutrition professionals left their predujical opinions of SFA’s behind. Finally, given the expertise in Ketogenic Diets at Harvard, Dr David Ludwig, for one springs to mind, I am surprised the author did not avail themselves of the local expertise.
I would like to point out that the metric conversion of 3/4 cup to 90g coconut flour as stated in your recipe is incorrect. Should be 84g per package labeling (Bob’s Red Mill). Unfortunately I made my first batch with 90g of coconut flour, and it was definitely not “pourable”. More like scoopable. I will try again with correct amount but thought I would point so you can update the recipe. Thank you!

I can’t believe my genitial herpes and Hepatitis B is really cured, i never thought and believed that one day i will live on earth cured of this disease.i have been suffering of this deadly disease GENITAL herpes and Hepatitis B since 7years ago.Happiness is all i see now i never thought that i will live on earth before the year runs out this is a miracle A shot testimony on how i was cured for my Genital herpes and Hepatitis B Virus diseases by Dr MAGGI with his Herbal Root Herbs Medicine, Although this is almost too impossible to believe, but I am here to fulfill my promise to Dr MAGGI I am a survivor, I am a living proof of this medication, at first it sounded so fake, but my mum encouraged me to continue with the medication, within 3 days I notice the sours in my genitals were all dried up and my tongue stopped paining me, so i stopped taking my ARVS and focused on the herbal medication. I felted my body coming back to life, my skin, my face, no more body weakness and my mum kept praying for me, she was really happy when i was tested negative. This unbelievable transformation have also brought me closer to God, and thanks to Dr MAGG for his regular checkups, calls, sms and chats. I am CURED, I am CURED and I repeat I AM CURED! I have been a slave of Herpes for 3years but it took just 18 days for my cure! God Bless you Sir! contact him now for any kind of diseases problem on his mail (Maggiherbalcenter@gmail.com) contact him on +1[305]697-6952 or whatsapp or call his Africa branch +2348148487280, he is a herbal remedy to all sickness i have copied and sent the link of your contacts to a few Hepatitis B friends, please sir help them and God will increase you! thanks you again sir for putting a smile on my face again so i am posting to this forum saying if you are into similar situation or have any kind of disease problem you can as well contact him for help
I Never believed i was ever going to be HIV Negative again, Dr MAGGI has given me reasons to be happy, i was HIV positive for 3years and all the means i tried for treatment was not helpful to me, but when i came on the Internet i saw great testimony about Dr MAGGI on how he was able to cure someone from HIV, this person said great things about this man, and advice we contact him for any Disease problem that Dr MAGGI . can be of help, well i decided to give him a try, he requested for my information which i sent to him, and he told me he was going to prepare for me a healing portion, which he wanted me to take for days,and after which i should go back to the hospital for check up, well after taking all the treatment sent to me by Dr MAGGI i went back to the Hospital for check up, and now i have been confirmed HIV Negative, friends you can reach Dr MAGGI on any treatment for any Disease he is the one only i can show you all to. You can reach Dr MAGGI on his email on Maggiherbalcenter@gmail.com or . whatsApp him on +1(306)993 9253-.or call him on +1(662)9671783 or view his webs;drmaggiherbalcenter.webs.com.
I have been looking for a good keto bread recipe. I have tried a few others with a “meh”. This one is a WOW! Prior to going Keto, I loved to cook and bake, it is my main hobby. But after going Keto, I have had to learn a whole new way of cooking. I followed the recipe to a T knowing how to work my way around the kitchen and the only difference is the fact that mine turned out purple. It is clearly the psyllium. Thank you so much for a wonderful and easy recipe for a great bread!

Several other rodent studies provide additional evidence of ketogenic diets upregulating antioxidant defense, but without enough data to convincingly attribute the results to mitohormesis. Content of SOD2 has increased in the livers of mice fed a ketogenic diet (% energy: 89 fat, <1 carbohydrate, and 10 protein), which occurred in conjunction with increased median lifespan and decreases in tumors and age-associated losses of physical and cognitive performance [36]. In addition, activity of GCL and the protein content of its two subunits increased in the hippocampal homogenate of rats fed a ketogenic diet (Bio-Serv F3666) for 3 weeks [97]. This was in conjunction with higher levels of reduced glutathione (GSH) and lower ROS production in hippocampal mitochondria. The ketogenic diet also increased resistance to mtDNA damage in hippocampal mitochondria exposed to H2O2 [97]. Consistent with these results, total antioxidant capacity and activities of GPx and catalase were increased in hippocampal homogenate of rats fed a ketogenic diet (% energy: 86 fat, <1 carbohydrate, and 13 protein) for 8 weeks [98]. Furthermore, in cortical homogenate of rats induced with traumatic brain injury, a ketogenic diet increased cytosolic and mitochondrial protein contents of NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1) and SOD1, as well as mitochondrial protein content of SOD2, and also prevented mitochondrial oxidative damage (indicated by 4-HNE) [99].
If you divide the dough in 3 you'll cook the bread for 90 seconds on high, but if you cook it all together you'll want to do 150 seconds (2 1/2 minutes). Time can vary a lot in microwaves, but to give you an idea mine is 1000 watts. Either way, it'll come out looking pale and spongy (and not very appetizing at all tbh!). But worry not, just wait for it to cool down until just lightly warm (it continues to cook as it cools guys!). Then you'll definitely want to give it a good toast to get some texture on (non negotiable guys!). 
In essence, it is a diet that causes the body to release ketones into the bloodstream. Most cells prefer to use blood sugar, which comes from carbohydrates, as the body’s main source of energy. In the absence of circulating blood sugar from food, we start breaking down stored fat into molecules called ketone bodies (the process is called ketosis). Once you reach ketosis, most cells will use ketone bodies to generate energy until we start eating carbohydrates again. The shift, from using circulating glucose to breaking down stored fat as a source of energy, usually happens over two to four days of eating fewer than 20 to 50 grams of carbohydrates per day. Keep in mind that this is a highly individualized process, and some people need a more restricted diet to start producing enough ketones.

When your carb intake is that low, your body can't burn glucose (a.k.a the sugar from carbs) for energy like it normally would. So instead, it burns fat for energy, a process that then releases ketones as a byproduct, says Eric Klett, M.D. an endocrinologist and associate professor of medicine and nutrition at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. (This process explains why people on the keto diet see such crazy weight-loss results.)

In addition to healthy fats, Michalczyk recommends incorporating foods that contain protein into your A.M. eats. “Protein is important at breakfast for many reasons, one being the fact that it takes your body longer to digest protein, which means you’ll feel satiated for longer,” she says. It’s also crucial for ensuring your body has the nutritional building blocks it needs for optimal function throughout the day.
Natural herbs have cured so many illness that drugs and injection cant cure. I”ve seen the great importance of natural herbs and the wonderful work they have done in people”s lives. i read people”s testimonies online on how they were cured of herpes, hiv, diabetics etc by Dr. Ogba Kosu, so i decided to contact the doctor because i know nature has the power to heal anything. I was diagnosed with hiv for the past 7 years but Dr. Ogba cured me with his herbs and i referred my aunt and her husband to him immediately because they were both suffering from herpes and they were cured too .I know is hard to believe but am a living testimony. There is no harm trying herbs. He is also a spell caster, he cast spells to restore broken marriages and a good luck spells to prosper and excel in life. Contact Dr. Ogba Kosu on: drogbakosu@gmail.com Phone/Whatsap no: 2348137291215
194. Ruth M. R., Port A. M., Shah M., et al. Consuming a hypocaloric high fat low carbohydrate diet for 12 weeks lowers C-reactive protein, and raises serum adiponectin and high density lipoprotein-cholesterol in obese subjects. Metabolism. 2013;62(12):1779–1787. doi: 10.1016/j.metabol.2013.07.006. [PMC free article] [PubMed] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
Looking back on my earlier posts on ketosis—and explaining what I eat, for example—makes me both chuckle and cringe. I remember how bizarre the diet seemed to many readers and the general public at the time. I also remember digging into the literature and learning, for example, that my alma mater, Johns Hopkins had been using the ketogenic diet to treat pediatric epilepsy for almost a century…and being so embarrassed about admonishing that patient I saw in my residency.
Gluconeogenesis is the endogenous production of glucose in the body, especially in the liver primarily from lactic acid, glycerol, and the amino acids alanine and glutamine. When glucose availability drops further, the endogenous production of glucose is not able to keep up with the needs of the body and ketogenesis begins in order to provide an alternate source of energy in the form of ketone bodies. Ketone bodies replace glucose as a primary source of energy. During ketogenesis due to low blood glucose feedback, stimulus for insulin secretion is also low, which sharply reduces the stimulus for fat and glucose storage. Other hormonal changes may contribute to the increased breakdown of fats that result in fatty acids. Fatty acids are metabolized to acetoacetate which is later converted to beta-hydroxybutyrate and acetone. These are the basic ketone bodies that accumulate in the body as a ketogenic diet is sustained. This metabolic state is referred to as "nutritional ketosis." As long as the body is deprived of carbohydrates, metabolism remains in the ketotic state. The nutritional ketosis state is considered quite safe, as ketone bodies are produced in small concentrations without any alterations in blood pH. It greatly differs from ketoacidosis, a life-threatening condition where ketone bodies are produced in extremely larger concentrations, altering blood ph to acidotic a state.
Is there any way you can post at the beginning of a recipe: NOT for weight loss. I have tried a few recipes before reading the comments below, made it, then saw it was a no no for weight loss. Thanks! I made your pita bread too and it rocks. I am waiting for this amazing bread to come out of the over right now. I am worried about eating now though. Too many carbs for weight loss?
Weighed my ingredients…used Jay Robb Psyllium ground down to half the amount exactly…used almond flour from nuts.com….used All Whites 100% Egg Whites. Bread fell about one minute after I took it out of the oven. Do you cool yours out of the pan or in it? Does that matter? Could that be the problem? Or could it be my vinegar? Have had it a few months…does it get old? Help!!! I promised my husband if he let me spend all this $ on ingredients I could give him a nice loaf of bread for sandwiches! So disappointed! But determined!
i have been trying to get pregnant for over 5 years now. My husband and I have been seeing a fertility specialist. We have done our best but no luck. My husband has a sperm count which goes up and down,the doctor has recommended him taking the Proceed supplement which he is doing over 3 years with no change in the situation .. I was so confused until i contacted this powerful spell caster Dr. Ebhota online who I saw a number of testimonies of how he has help so many of people so I sent Dr. Ebhota a mail and I told him all my sorrows and pain he replied me and ask me not to cry any more that he will help, he sent me some instructions and caution, Dr. Ebhota cast the spell and I bought some items to complete the spell casting and he told me to meet with my husband.. Within 3weeks of doing this I felt some changes and I went to my doctor and it was confirm that I was pregnant,i promises Dr Ebhota to share his testimony for three years,it has been over a year and four months now,i have been testifying this great testimonies for my life and my husband,for any one how need his help herb potion should contact him,on his Email [ drebhota123456@gmail.com ] or call him on [ +2349035324155 ]
Both sleep deprivation and stress can cause elevated levels of the stress hormone cortisol, which raises blood sugar. Aim for seven to nine hours of sleep per night, and adopt stress-busting habits such as exercise, meditation, or yoga. One study found that nursing students who did meditation and yoga experienced lower blood sugar spikes after meals. If you're ready to start your meditation practice, check out mindbodygreen's 14-Day Guide to meditation with mbg Collective member Light Watkins.
As a matter of fact, in animal models intracerebroventricular injections of long-chain FA reduced hypothalamic expression of NPY. NPY is an important orexogenic neuropeptide that is a downstream target of leptin and insulin in the hypothalamus. In some forms of hyperphagic obesity, characterized by elevated plasma leptin and insulin levels, the lack of action of insulin on NPY expression could explain the pathological condition. Central administration of oleic acid, fatty-acid synthase, or CPT-1 inhibitors prevents the rise in hypothalamic NPY mRNA induced by fasting (Obici et al., 2003). But glucose level is also involved in KD's food control mechanisms. According to glucostatic theory (Mayer, 1955) data indicates that ketosis did not influence FA glucose but instead stimulated the elevation of post-prandial glucose (Sumithran and Proietto, 2013) in non-diabetic subjects, while in diabetics there was a reduction of fasting glucose (Westman et al., 2008). It is important to note that carbohydrate availability may increase cellular levels of long-chain FA-CoA through an increase of malonyl-CoA, which inhibits oxidation of FAs.

The discovery of many appetite-related hormones provided molecular basis for appetite control, decreasing the relevance of the metabolites hypothesis (Karatsoreos et al., 2013). Recently, Sumithran et al. demonstrated that there is a long-term persistence of changes in some peripheral hormones involved in food control (Sumithran et al., 2011). In this study, they found a significant difference in mean levels of many food intake-related hormones 1 year after the cessation of weight loss via the hypocaloric diet. There was a long lasting decrease of anorexigenic compounds: leptin, PYY, cholecystokinin, insulin, and pancreatic peptide and an increase of the orexigenic molecule ghrelin. Moreover, they found that hunger remained elevated 1 year after diet cessation. In a successive study the same group investigated hunger-related hormones after 8 weeks of KD, demonstrating that during ketosis the increase of ghrelin (a strong stimulator of appetite) was suppressed (Sumithran et al., 2013). These results are consistent with those of Ratliff et al (Ratliff et al., 2009), who found no significant change in fasting plasma ghrelin after 12 weeks of VLCD.


Increasing dietary fiber, especially insoluble fiber from cereal and grains, is associated with a reduced risk of diabetes and has been shown to reduce fasting blood glucose and modestly lower HbA1c in people with type 2 diabetes (Martin, J Nutr 2008; Post,J Am Board Fam Med 2012). In people with type 1 diabetes, 50 grams of dietary fiber per day has been shown to significantly improve blood sugar control and reduce hypoglycemic events (Giacco, Diabetes Care 2000). The American Dietetic Association states that "diets providing 30 to 50 g fiber per day from whole food sources consistently produce lower serum glucose levels compared to a low-fiber diet. Fiber supplements providing doses of 10 to 29 g/day may have some benefit in terms of glycemic control." (Slavin, J Am Diet Assoc 2008). Although ConsumerLab.com has not tested fiber products, we have produced a webinar about that provides more information.
Hi and thank you so much for your prompt reply. I will definitely be more attentive to my dry measurements when I try making them the next time. I use my food processor and I'm pretty sure I got the cheese right. For what it's worth, I left them on the kitchen counter while I ran out and did some errands. When I came home I tried one again and it was delicious! Just like a scone! :) It was much better cold than hot. :)

I have been suffering from (HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS) disease for the past four years and had constant pain, especially in my knees. During the first year,I had faith in God that i would be healed someday.This disease started circulating all over my body and i have been taking treatment from my doctor, few months ago i came on search on the internet if i could get any information concerning the cure of this disease, on my search i saw a testimony of someone who has been healed from (HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS) by this Man Dr Sam and she drop the email address of this man and advise we should contact him for any sickness that he would be of help, so i wrote to Dr. Sam telling him about my (HERPES Virus) well after all the procedures and remedy given to me by this man few weeks later i started experiencing changes all over me. I am now here to testify that i am not longer a herpes patient, I have experience a total transformation in my life,for all herpes patients get your herbal medicine to cure your sickness. And there has being rapid improvement in my health, I no longer feel pains and I wake up each morning feeling revived. So friends my advise is if you have such sickness or any other at all,you can contact him. {supremecurehome@gmail.com}


Proof the yeast. This involves mixing dry active yeast with water that’s just warm to touch (between 105-110°F to be precise) and maple syrup or honey for 7 minutes until foamy. And before you scream sugar (!!) remember that the yeast will feed on such sugar to emit carbon dioxide, so it doesn’t affect the carb count at all. And yes, this is a scientific fact.
I have AS and am on a no starch diet to control the pain, which works very well for me. So I’m wondering if you have any idea how much starch is in the PH before I order it only to have the iodine test turn it black for starch, which would mean I can’t use and I’d have to throw it out? I can mix up my own baking powder without corn starch and all of the other ingredients are safe for me to eat, so my only concern is the PH. It looks so delicious and I’ve yet to find a truly tasty starch free bread recipe.
Too much fat at the waist . Although obesity in general raises your risk of metabolic syndrome, excess belly fat (being “apple-shaped”) is the riskiest kind of fat, defined as more than 40 inches around the waist for men, or more than 35 inches for women. Ask your doctor about different measurements for your ethnicity, Ndumele says. “Individuals of Asian descent are thought to have an increased risk at a lower threshold of belly fat, for example.”
The exact mechanisms of the complex pathways of metabolic syndrome are under investigation. The pathophysiology is very complex and has been only partially elucidated. Most patients are older, obese, sedentary, and have a degree of insulin resistance. Stress can also be a contributing factor. The most important risk factors are diet (particularly sugar-sweetened beverage consumption),[6] genetics,[7][8][9][10] aging, sedentary behavior[11] or low physical activity,[12][13] disrupted chronobiology/sleep,[14] mood disorders/psychotropic medication use,[15][16] and excessive alcohol use.[17]

The reason a starving person can live for 40-60 days is precisely because we can turn fat into ketones and convert ketones into substrate for the Krebs Cycle in the mitochondria of our neurons. In fact, the more fat you have on your body, the longer you can survive.  As an example of this, you may want to read this remarkable case report of a 382 day medically supervised fast (with only water and electrolytes)!  If we had to rely on glucose, we’d die in a few days.  If we could only rely on protein, we’d live a few more days but become completely debilitated with muscle wasting.
Ketone esters (BHB-BD) lowers glycogen use30. During exercise, the muscle breaks down stored carbohydrate (glycogen) to provide a fuel for the working muscle. When a ketone ester drink was taken pre-workout, the muscle used far less glycogen compared to when the pre-workout drink contained carbohydrate. The high levels of blood ketones meant that the muscle used ketones as a fuel before needing to use glycogen. Reducing reliance on muscle glycogen could improve performance and decrease the time for muscle glycogen to fully recover between exercise bouts.
In addition to the downstream bioenergetic and antioxidant signaling induced by sirtuins, they directly facilitate ketogenesis and β-oxidation. SIRT1 [254] and SIRT3 [255] deacetylate 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl CoA (HMG CoA) synthase, which is the rate-limiting enzyme for ketogenesis [256], resulting in increased levels of β-hydroxybutyrate [255]. In addition, SIRT3 deacetylates and increases activity of long-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (LCAD) [257], which participates in β-oxidation and therefore supports ketogenesis. SIRT3 has a similar influence on medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (MCAD) as well [258]. Since sirtuins facilitate ketogenesis, which then facilitates sirtuin activation, nutritional ketosis may promote, to some extent, a feed-forward cycle of sirtuin activity.

Some Inuit consume as much as 15–20% of their calories from carbohydrates, largely from the glycogen found in raw meats.[43][44][47][45][50] Furthermore, the blubber, organs, muscle and skin of the diving marine mammals that the Inuit eat have significant glycogen stores that are able to delay postmortem degradation, particularly in cold weather.[51][52][53][54][55][56]


Maria and Craig: I made this recipe (into kaiser roll shapes) on Sunday night for the first time. I just ate my first sandwich (pork roast and mayo, yummy) on it and almost wept with happiness. It is SO good. The texture is PERFECT. It was easy and quick to make. And I can actually see my way to a GF lifestyle…sandwiches have been my bugaboo all along. Thank you, thank you for all your hard work and wonderful recipes!
Hi Maria! I am your new biggest fan! I made all of my favorites of your recipes for my extended family over the holidays and the bread and almond joys were such a huge hit! I love to add carraway seeds to the bread which gives it a Rye – European flavor to it! I’ve been following your HFMPLC philosophy for about 3 weeks now and I was wondering why you mentioned you make the protein buns for yourself but the bread for your husband. Do you not like the bread or is it too high in carbs for you? I know I need an induction period of a couple of weeks so I am off nuts for now but I can’t wait to have the bread again!

Ketogenic diets (around 50 grams of carbs per day) are extremely effective for getting lean because you reset the body’s enzymatic machinery to use fat as its primary fuel source in the absence of carbs. I see three problems with your diet that are certainly causing your fat-loss plateau—too much protein, not enough good fat, and residual carbohydrates.


I am disappointed with my first effort but remain undaunted. I did not use the J Robb psyllium but did grind it up as finely as I could and otherwise followed the recipe exactly. I am an experienced baker so I’m not giving up and will try using less water next time. I want to use as many ingredients as I can find in my small town in order to vote with my dollars for more healthy foods so I will try a few more times before special ordering.
Rick, Yes, I would try baking it longer if it’s coming out gummy. If it’s starting to brown too much outside, but the inside doesn’t seem to be fully cooked, you could cover it with foil to prevent over-browning. Another trick I sometimes use is to leave the bread in the oven to cool once it’s done baking (sometimes covering the loaf with foil to prevent over-browning). I hope these tips help!
×