PGC-1α is also influenced by p38 MAPK, which is well known for being involved in development [301] and adaptation [302] in skeletal muscle. PGC-1α is activated by p38 MAPK [283, 303] through phosphorylation [304], which prevents repression [303] by blocking interaction with the p160 myb binding protein [304]. In addition, expression of PGC-1α is increased by p38 MAPK [305, 306], and the overlap in bioenergetic and antioxidant signaling is further indicated based on p38 MAPK activation by AMPK [307–309], oxidative stress [310–314], and β-adrenergic signaling [280, 315, 316].

When lifestyle changes aren't enough, a child take prescription medicines to treat individual risk factors. So, kids with high blood pressure might be put on antihypertension drugs. Others with high LDL cholesterol might be prescribed statins or other lipid-lowering drugs. Children with high blood sugar, who are on the brink of developing diabetes, may get medicine to decrease insulin resistance.
4.) Fill the dough into a loaf tin lined with baking paper. If you don’t use a silicone loaf pan line ALL SIDES with parchment paper so the bread will release easily. Smooth the top, but don’t press down too much – keep as much air in the dough as possible. Bake at 180 Celsius / 350 Fahrenheit for about 45 minutes or until a knife inserted comes out clean!
Additional evidence, although independent of mitohormesis, further supports the induction of NFE2L2 activity by nutritional ketosis. Succinate is a byproduct of ketolysis and is oxidized to fumarate by succinate dehydrogenase. Therefore, the increased presence of ketones and increased rate of ketolysis during nutritional ketosis are likely to increase fumarate, which can succinylate cysteine residues of proteins [363]. In particular, fumarate can succinylate Keap1, thereby allowing NFE2L2 to enter the nucleus to induce transcription [364, 365]. In the retinas of rats injected with BHB, the nuclear content of NFE2L2 and the total homogenate content of SOD2 and GCL increased in conjunction with increased fumarate concentration [366]. BHB injection also decreased retinal ROS production and degeneration following induction of ischemia, and this protection was dependent on NFE2L2 [366]. These effects were observed at blood concentrations of BHB between 1 and 2 mM, which is consistent with nutritional ketosis.
Development of metabolic syndrome depends on distribution as well as amount of fat. Excess fat in the abdomen (called apple shape), particularly when it results in a high waist-to-hip ratio (reflecting a relatively low muscle-to-fat mass ratio), increases risk. The syndrome is less common among people who have excess subcutaneous fat around the hips (called pear shape) and a low waist-to-hip ratio (reflecting a higher muscle-to-fat mass ratio).
I made this over the weekend. I weighed all of my ingredients and it looked beautiful when it came out of the oven. I baked it for the 75 minutes. It fell after it cooled and when I cut it open, it was purple and a little gummy even after 75 minutes of baking time. After toasting the slices, it tasted very good and I even served it to company. The kids all thought it was cool that the bread was purple. Should I reduce the water? If so, by how much? I will try and get Jay Robb psyllium husk powder in the future. I used Vitacost brand and it tasted fine but, it is not always easy to get people to try purple bread. Thanks for the recipe. We will be making purple bread until we run out of the psyllium husk powder we have.
As with PGC-1α, nutritional ketosis may activate FOXO3a by increasing activity of AMPK and sirtuins or by decreasing insulin. Expression of FOXO3a is increased by fasting, caloric restriction, and BHB [103, 105], all of which are or can be components of a ketogenic diet. Furthermore, BHB treatment has extended lifespan in C. elegans in a manner dependent on FOXO3a [95], and a ketogenic diet (% energy: 89 fat, <1 carbohydrate, and 10 protein) has increased median lifespan and decreased tumors and age-associated losses of physical and cognitive performance, all in conjunction with increased hepatic content of FOXO3a [36].
NRF-1 and NRF-2 are transcription factors that increase expression of TFAM [342], which is required for full initiation of mtDNA transcription [343–345] and hence mitochondrial biogenesis. PGC-1α induces expression of NRF-1 and NRF-2 and facilitates TFAM expression by coactivating NRF-1 [288]. Oxidative stress increases this signaling [346, 347] in conjunction with increased mitochondrial biogenesis [346]. AMPK also contributes to mitochondrial biogenesis, but by inducing mitochondrial fission through phosphorylation of mitochondrial fission factor (MFF) [348], which is in addition to and independent of AMPK's role in activating PGC-1α.
In our keto bread recipe, we use a combination of coconut and almond flours so neither is overpowering. We also use a touch of psyllium husk powder to help achieve the right texture. A little bit of beef gelatin acts as a binder and adds bread-like “chew” to the final result. Our recipe only contains egg whites, which add structure and act as a natural leavening agent, but without the eggy flavor that the yolks would add.

Although the majority of links between energy sensing and antioxidant defense are manifested further downstream, there is some direct influence at the level of AMPK and sirtuins. AMPK is activated by oxidative stress [259, 260], likely through ATP depletion and a subsequent increase in the AMP to ATP ratio, or facilitation of tyrosine phosphorylation, which occurs independently of AMP and ATP concentrations [259]. SIRT3 contributes more directly to antioxidant defense by deacetylating and activating SOD2 [261–263]. The overlapping effect of SIRT3 on antioxidant defense and bioenergetics is further supported by SIRT3 knockout increasing lipid peroxidation in conjunction with decreased O2 consumption in mouse skeletal muscle and also by SIRT3 knockdown increasing H2O2 production and decreasing O2 consumption in myoblasts [264].
In the United States, metabolic syndrome has a high prevalence in African Americans, particularly African American women, and this has been attributed to the higher prevalence of obesity, hypertension, and diabetes in this population. [40] However, the highest age-adjusted prevalence of metabolic syndrome in the United States is found in Mexican Americans, approximately 31.9% of whom had the condition (compared with 27% of the general population) in a 1988-1994 survey. [41]
Maria, I made this bread today – weighed my ingredients carefully and followed instructions. My only adaptation was adding a little liquid Stevia, cinnamon, and raisins right before putting into the bread pan. It raised nicely but fell a little while cooling and is pretty heavy, although tastes great. Any help on what I did wrong? (I’m not sure my water was boiling enough – it was just starting to bubble, not full rolling boil, when I added it. Would that make the difference?)
Just wanted to share that I made this recipe yesterday. I don’t have a lot of success with loaves so I used my bun top pans and the recipe gave me 12 rolls and a small loaf which I cut into 6 slices for a couple of french toast breakfast treats for me! I used a 1/4 cup measure for the rolls (not packed) and pressed the dough into the round shape. I thought I’d only get 6 actual burger buns but they were big enough to carefully slice in half so I got 12! I baked the rolls for 30 min and the loaf for 60. This will be my go to from now on! Thank you!

Herbal health remedies foundation that you can trust for ALS. When he went to herbal health remedies foundation for 3 weeks and they did a cleansing program to get toxins out of his body, when my brother  went home he was on IV vitamins. Then he took out all the mercury filling out of his mouth. Took lots of vitamins etc… what I do know is they gave him 2 years and he lived almost 7 years. I think what made the most difference for him was the AMAZING care he had, he stayed at home with family and friends. “Food for the soul” is what I call it. I miss him so bad. Website: Contact their email:
Scoop out dough with a spatula and place onto a large sheet of plastic wrap. Cover the dough in plastic wrap and knead a few times with the dough inside the plastic wrap until you have a uniform dough ball. Lightly coat your hands with oil and divide dough into 8 equal parts. Roll each dough between your palms until it forms a smooth round ball. Place dough balls onto baking sheet, spaced 2 inches apart.
Has anyone tried this using a substitute for the eggs/egg whites? My husband seems to be sensitive to eggs (not sure which part, to be honest) and we’ve been making most recipes using agar agar as a substitute (for either whites or whole eggs) but this only works if the egg is a binder. I’m guessing that they are a leavening agent in the bread (please correct me if I’m wrong!) and I don’t know if agar would work in this recipe. I do have VersaWhip 600 – anyone ever tried that in a bread recipe?
The advice above is therefore not only illogical, but also works poorly. It completely lacks scientific support according to a Swedish expert investigation. On the contrary, in recent years similar carbohydrate-rich dietary advice has been shown to increase the risk of getting diabetes and appears to potentially worsen blood sugar levels long-term in people who already have type 2 diabetes. The advice does not improve their health in other important ways either.

314. Wadley G. D., Nicolas M. A., Hiam D. S., McConell G. K. Xanthine oxidase inhibition attenuates skeletal muscle signaling following acute exercise but does not impair mitochondrial adaptations to endurance training. American Journal of Physiology-Endocrinology and Metabolism. 2013;304(8):E853–E862. doi: 10.1152/ajpendo.00568.2012. [PubMed] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
Kumar, R., Chhatwal, S., Arora, S., Sharma, S., Singh, J., Singh, N., … Khurana, A. (2013, January 19). Antihyperglycemic, antihyperlipidemic, anti-inflammatory and adenosine deaminase–lowering effects of garlic in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus with obesity. Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy, 6, 49–56. Retrieved from
The involvement of the endocannabinoid system in the development of metabolic syndrome is indisputable.[33][34][35] Endocannabinoid overproduction may induce reward system dysfunction[34] and cause executive dysfunctions (e.g., impaired delay discounting), in turn perpetuating unhealthy behaviors.[medical citation needed] The brain is crucial in development of metabolic syndrome, modulating peripheral carbohydrate and lipid metabolism.[33][34]
AMP competes with ATP for binding to the γ regulatory subunit of AMPK [177, 178] and by doing so, greatly increases AMPK activity, but only in the presence of an upstream kinase such as liver kinase B1 (LKB1) [179]. This binding of AMP to the γ subunit appears to promote AMPK activity through at least two mechanisms: facilitated phosphorylation of the α subunit [180–183] and inhibition of dephosphorylation by protein phosphatases 2Cα and 2Ac [179, 181, 183, 184]. ADP also binds to the γ subunit of AMPK to inhibit dephosphorylation [183, 185, 186] and possibly facilitate phosphorylation [185]. This is important to the energy sensing sensitivity of AMPK based on the much higher physiological concentration of ADP compared to AMP [186]. Data on changes in AMP and ADP levels in response to a ketogenic diet are lacking. However, the decreased availability of carbohydrate and increased mitochondrial uncoupling (previously described) during nutritional ketosis suggest a decline in ATP production, at least until compensatory adaptations occur. A decline in ATP implies a relative increase in AMP and ADP, which would facilitate AMPK phosphorylation and activation. In addition, ketogenic diets are commonly reported to have a satiating effect [187], which may further increase the AMP and ADP to ATP ratios through spontaneous caloric restriction.

I am so happy to share this testimony on how Dr balogun, was able to heal me from Herpes Disease, well i was detected positive on 21st September 2015, and ever since i have been looking for a way to treat and cure this disease from me, but always i try their was no solution,few weeks ago my aunt rosa introduce me to doctor balogun telling him all my problem he told me what we were to do, that he was going to send me a portion which i am going to take, and after seeing testimony of some people on how Dr balogun was able to cure people from Herpes disease, i also heard about it on media when a young lady also gave her testimony about this same Dr balogun, well left with no hope i message him and he sent me an herbal portion that i will be taken., he told me to go back to the hospital for check up and after i have done that i should come and tell him the good news result, at first when i saw the message i was so shock and still did not believed i will be cured, well friend to make my story short i am cured from herpes now after many time of sorrow, i am Negative, and my sickness are gone, i thank God for leading me to this man….you can email him on or you can also call him via +2349064881054 he can be of help to you on any problem like {1} HIV/AIDS {2CANCER {3}HERPES {4}DIABETES (5}HERPERTITIS B (6}HPV .
My name is Ella Dawson, am from New York City. I want the general public to know how this great man called Professor Oseamuyi cure me and My little sister from GENITAL HERPES with the herbal medicine gotten from Professor Oseamuyi, he cures other diseases too like STD, My own was worst I have suffered for Human papilloma virus HPV) for 2years he cure me too, herbal is a great medication. he have a medicine that is 100% percent assured to cure any type of disease and you don’t need to spend so much money anymore . I want you to contact Professor Oseamuyi on: Professoroseamuyi@yahoo. com My family is now a brand new one, so stop your worries and go get your herbal medicine now to get your family free from deadly disease. Once again thanks to Professor Oseamuyi you can contact him now via phone number: Natural herbs have cured so many illness that drugs and injection cant cure. I’ve seen the great importance of natural herbs and the wonderful work they have done in people’s lives. i read people’s testimonies online on how they were cured of herpes, HIV, diabetics etc by Professor Oseamuyi herbal medicine, so i decided to contact the doctor because i know nature has the power to heal anything. I was diagnosed with HIV for the past 7 years but Professor Oseamuyi cured me with his herbs and i referred my aunt and her husband to him immediately because they were both suffering from herpes and they were cured too .I know is hard to believe but am a living testimony. There is no harm trying herbs. He is also a spell caster, he cast spells to restore broken marriages and a good luck spells to prosper and excel in life. Contact Professor Oseamuyi on: professoroseamuyi@yahoo. com
My mother was diagnosed with ALS in May 2016. Her doctor put her on riluzole, letting her know there was no cure but the medication might provide her a few more months of delayed symptoms. ALS progresses at different rates and affects different body parts first. My mother, being 73 at the time, fell into a category of what they call “fast progression” (older female). Her arms weakened first, then her hands, her mouth, and throat, and finally her lungs. Throughout her two-and-a-half-year ordeal, she was able to walk with assistance nothing was really working to help her condition.I took her off the riluzole (with the doctor’s knowledge) and started her on amyotrophic lateral sclerosis herbal formula i ordered from Health Herbal Clinic( , her symptoms totally declined over a 5 weeks use of the ALS disease natural herbal remedy. She’s now almost 75 and doing very well, the disease is totally reversed!! with the help of dr MAGGI ,contact him today via you can also add him on whatsapp via +1[312]767-3460.
I have been suffering from (HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS) disease for the past four years and had constant pain, especially in my knees. During the first year,I had faith in God that i would be healed someday.This disease started circulating all over my body and i have been taking treatment from my doctor, few months ago i came on search on the internet if i could get any information concerning the cure of this disease, on my search i saw a testimony of someone who has been healed from (HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS) by this Man Dr Sam and she drop the email address of this man and advise we should contact him for any sickness that he would be of help, so i wrote to Dr. Sam telling him about my (HERPES Virus) well after all the procedures and remedy given to me by this man few weeks later i started experiencing changes all over me. I am now here to testify that i am not longer a herpes patient, I have experience a total transformation in my life,for all herpes patients get your herbal medicine to cure your sickness. And there has being rapid improvement in my health, I no longer feel pains and I wake up each morning feeling revived. So friends my advise is if you have such sickness or any other at all,you can contact him. {}

NRF-1 and NRF-2 are transcription factors that increase expression of TFAM [342], which is required for full initiation of mtDNA transcription [343–345] and hence mitochondrial biogenesis. PGC-1α induces expression of NRF-1 and NRF-2 and facilitates TFAM expression by coactivating NRF-1 [288]. Oxidative stress increases this signaling [346, 347] in conjunction with increased mitochondrial biogenesis [346]. AMPK also contributes to mitochondrial biogenesis, but by inducing mitochondrial fission through phosphorylation of mitochondrial fission factor (MFF) [348], which is in addition to and independent of AMPK's role in activating PGC-1α.

Most people who have metabolic syndrome already have a closely related condition called insulin resistance, which is when the body stops responding to insulin (a hormone produced in the pancreas). After the food we eat is converted into a type of sugar called glucose, insulin is what enables the glucose to enter the body’s cells and be used as energy. For someone who is insulin resistant, however, the glucose builds up in the blood, setting the stage for damage.

Admittedly, I started my journey on this path in 2009, with a deep dive into ketosis in the Spring of 2011, but it seemed so obscure! (For a timeline of what I did, I think I covered it somewhere in this talk…yes I’m too lazy to actually confirm this by skimming through it.) All told I spent approximately 3 years in the strictest state of nutritional ketosis (NK) with one very memorable deviation when I had 6 or 7 full-sized and upsettingly decadent desserts circa September 2013. I believe the diet helped me transition from metabolic syndrome to metabolic health and I certainly thought it could benefit other people. This nutritional state could gain some steam, I thought.

I just made this bread and it is beautiful! I cannot believe how well it rose-finally a nice rounded full loaf of bread! BUT…the bottom sticks and in order to get it out, I really have to abuse it, which causes some deflation and a not-as-pretty-as-it-should-be loaf. Ended up with a hole on the bottom that got stuck in the pan. I am using a coated aluminum pan with generous amount of coconut oil. Any tips? I put this loaf back in the oven on a cookie sheet to firm up the crust areas that are damaged. Thanks!

I made this over the weekend. I weighed all of my ingredients and it looked beautiful when it came out of the oven. I baked it for the 75 minutes. It fell after it cooled and when I cut it open, it was purple and a little gummy even after 75 minutes of baking time. After toasting the slices, it tasted very good and I even served it to company. The kids all thought it was cool that the bread was purple. Should I reduce the water? If so, by how much? I will try and get Jay Robb psyllium husk powder in the future. I used Vitacost brand and it tasted fine but, it is not always easy to get people to try purple bread. Thanks for the recipe. We will be making purple bread until we run out of the psyllium husk powder we have.
Anyone with metabolic syndrome should make every attempt to reduce their body weight to within 20% of their "ideal" body weight (calculated for age and height), and to incorporate aerobic exercise (at least 20 minutes) into their daily lifestyle. With vigorous efforts to reduce weight and increase exercise, metabolic syndrome can be reversed, and the risk for cardiovascular complications can be substantially improved.
Ketogenic and low-carbohydrate diets greatly increase reliance on fat oxidation [78–89], which would logically be expected to increase mitochondrial respiration and mtROS production and, in turn, induce mitohormesis. Furthermore, mtROS produced through RET appears to have particular relevance to hormetic adaptation, including increased lifespan [90]. Nutritional ketosis is likely to increase RET by altering the FADH2 to NADH ratio. As the primary source of acetyl CoA shifts from glycolysis to β-oxidation and ketolysis, this ratio increases, more than doubling for β-oxidation of longer-chain fatty acids. Electrons from FADH2 reduce the CoQ pool through complex II and ETF-QO, thereby increasing RET [91, 92]. This induction of RET by alteration of substrate availability can also be influenced by configuration of mtETC complexes into supercomplexes [90]. The greater potential for mtROS production through RET is consistent with evidence of mitochondria producing more H2O2 during oxidation of palmitoyl carnitine versus pyruvate [93, 94]. Furthermore, succinate is generated during ketolysis by succinyl-CoA:3-oxoacid CoA-transferase (SCOT), which also promotes RET by reducing the CoQ pool through complex II. Demonstrating the likely role of RET in mitohormesis, particularly within the context of nutritional ketosis, extension of lifespan in C. elegans through BHB treatment is dependent on both complex I function and expression of bioenergetic and antioxidant proteins [95].

Rookie experiment, I tried to add 1/4 C of Almond Flour to the Coconut based recipe 1st time all whites and 2 T less, ground psyllium – rise was high, then sunk down quite a bit & was still gummy. 2nd attempt 1 C egg whites and 4 whole eggs, looked a bit better, but the loaf didn’t rise a lot. Not too gummy though. 2nd one tasted better according to husband. Help! London.
You’ll need to use the dreaded E-word: exercise. But don’t freak out on me. I’m not saying you should go out and buy a treadmill or a gym membership. Rather, look for every excuse to exercise your body. Just use it whenever you can during the normal course of the day. Take the stairs instead of the elevator. Park farther from the door. Go fly a kite…on a calm day. At night, circumnavigate the couch during TV commercials.
I don’t just know the reason why some people is finding it difficult to believe that there is a cure for DIABETES, I have been suffering from diabetes since last three years with so much pain in me but today I am happy that am cure from it with the use of herbal medicine of Dr oriane the great healer prepare for me, I was browsing the internet searching for help when I came across a testimony shared by someone on how Dr oriane cure his infection I was so much in need of getting his treatment, so i decided to contact him, but after all Dr oriane brought a smile to my face with his herbal medicine. I am so much happy today that we have someone like this great healer out there, so my people out there are suffering fron infection kindly contact this great healer on his email address: please sir keep your good work cause there are people out there who is in need of your healing medicine.and may good lord prosper you…..
Hello everybody my name is Kathrine, i am from Thailand but living in united kingdom with my family, i want to share a little testimony about a man that helped me cure my HIV. I was HIV positive for 13 years and the only man that helped me cure my disease is Dr Osojo. the spell doctor. he helped me out when I complained everything about me, what my family take me for and how people hated and despised me for been a hiv positive to him and he promise to help me cure this virus, luckily to me he keeps his promise. this man did his powerful herbal spell and sent it to me to take for just 7 days, and immediately after the 7th day this man called me and told me that I should go for test. I was so surprised about it when got the test result which came back as hiv negative with no trace of the virus in me. what a great man on earth, if you need cure email now and get heal totally. Spell Dr. Osojo als has cures to several diseases such as
^ Hochachka PW, Storey KB (February 1975). "Metabolic consequences of diving in animals and man". Science. 187 (4177): 613–21. Bibcode:1975Sci...187..613H. doi:10.1126/science.163485. PMID 163485. In the terminal stages of prolonged diving, however, even these organs must tolerate anoxia for surprisingly long times, and they typically store unusually large amounts of glycogen for this purpose.
Notably, it can take several months to become fully ‘keto-adapted’ and performance can decline in the short term as these adaptations occur. It is also likely that individual responses to the diet vary. These factors make design and interpretation of sports science studies challenging and leave the door open for continued disagreement between scientists on each side of the debate. If you want to find out what each side has to say, we would recommend reading the comprehensive reviews by Louise Burke (who dislikes the use of the ketogenic diet)27 and Volek and Phinney (who promote the use of ketogenic diet)28. 
I made it tonight and use a mini loaf pan. It came out delicious. I used the link to adjust the recipe measurements using the one third column. I used 2 egg whites. The slices will be small but it was delicious with melted butter. Keto bread recipes and I have tried quite a few have not turned out well for me. I do not like to waste expensive ingredients that is why I will usually do a small amount first. This recipe has been the exception. It is good simple and delicious. I will make it again using the recipe as written. Note: I whipped the egg whites for 10 minutes to get the right consistency. I hope this helps and thank You Maya for finally for me making a bread that tastes great and is easy to make.

Because metabolic syndrome and insulin resistance are closely tied, many healthcare providers believe that insulin resistance may be a cause of metabolic syndrome. But they have not found a direct link between the two conditions. Others believe that hormone changes caused by chronic stress lead to abdominal obesity, insulin resistance, and higher blood lipids (triglycerides and cholesterol).
The exact mechanisms of the complex pathways of metabolic syndrome are under investigation. The pathophysiology is very complex and has been only partially elucidated. Most patients are older, obese, sedentary, and have a degree of insulin resistance. Stress can also be a contributing factor. The most important risk factors are diet (particularly sugar-sweetened beverage consumption),[6] genetics,[7][8][9][10] aging, sedentary behavior[11] or low physical activity,[12][13] disrupted chronobiology/sleep,[14] mood disorders/psychotropic medication use,[15][16] and excessive alcohol use.[17]
Saturated fat: A type of fat found in abundance in butter, whole milk, ice cream, full-fat cheese, fatty meats, poultry skin, and palm and coconut oils. Saturated fat raises levels of heart-threatening LDL cholesterol in your bloodstream. It can also interfere with your body’s ability to absorb blood sugar easily. Limiting saturated fat can help control your risk for heart disease.
My blood sugar is in the pre-diabetic range. D-ribose raises my blood sugar quite a bit. Test and see what it does for you before committing to taking it. Start testing your blood sugar 1/2 hour after taking the D-ribose and every 1/2 hour for about 2 hours to fully test the effects. If you take it in a liquid on an empty stomach, it can get into your bloodstream pretty fast.
*This post may contain affiliate links to products we believe in, which means that even though it doesn’t cost you anything extra, The Keto Queens will receive a small amount of money from the sale of these items. Also, please know that nutritional information is provided as a courtesy calculated from the nutrition plugin API and we cannot guarantee its accuracy