I can’t tell you how this changed my life. This keto bread is extremely versatile and can be used for many dishes. I found that just adding a bit of stevia and vanilla to it makes it the perfect replacement for lady finger biscuits or savoiardi in our keto tiramisu. It’s also fantastic to use to make keto bread crumbs with and perfect for burgers or sandwiches. This bread is also just 4 net carbs for the entire mug, so that is a definite plus point. And with 28 grams of fat and 13 grams of protein, it really balances out, macros-wise.
Acetyl-CoA can be metabolized through the TCA in any cell, but it can also undergo a different process in liver cells: ketogenesis, which produces ketone bodies.[27] Ketone bodies are also produced in mitochondria, and usually occur in response to low blood glucose levels.[28] When glucose levels are low, oxaloacetate is diverted away from the TCA cycle and is instead used to produce glucose de novo (gluconeogenesis). But when oxaloacetate is unavailable to condense with acetyl-CoA, acetyl-CoA cannot enter the cycle, and so the body has evolved an alternative way to harvest energy from it.
If someone has already had a heart attack, their LDL ("bad") cholesterol should be reduced below 70mg/dl. A person who has diabetes has a heart attack risk equivalent to that of someone who has already one and so should be treated in the same way. If you have metabolic syndrome, a detailed discussion about lipid therapy is needed between you and your doctor, as each individual is unique.

Oregano and Sage: One group of researchers tested a variety of herbs and spices for a specific antioxidant activity that help to prevent an increase in hemoglobin A1C, a protein maker in the blood that is affected by blood sugar levels. They found that two of the herbs with the highest antioxidant levels were oregano and sage (1)…can you say Italian food?

Based on the reciprocal activation described above, nutritional ketosis is likely to activate SIRT1 and SIRT3 indirectly through activation of AMPK. However, more direct activation of sirtuins by nutritional ketosis is possible. Since reduction of NAD+ to NADH occurs outside of mitochondria only during glycolysis, which is less active during nutritional ketosis, more cytosolic NAD+ remains oxidized, further facilitating activation of SIRT1 [247]. In addition to the decrease in glucose availability during nutritional ketosis, glycolysis may be further inhibited through activation of pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase and subsequent inhibition of pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH), which occurs in response to dietary carbohydrate restriction [248–251] or infusion of BHB, ACA, or fatty acids [252]. Consistent with the relevance of these factors to nutritional ketosis, a ketogenic diet (% energy: 89 fat, <1 carbohydrate, and 10 protein) has decreased expression of PDH in mouse liver [36]. More importantly, there is direct evidence of nutritional ketosis promoting an increase in NAD+ concentration. Treatment with BHB + ACA (1 mM each) has increased NADH oxidation in rat neocortical mitochondria [109], and a ketogenic diet (Bio-Serv F3666) has increased NAD+ concentration in rat hippocampus [253]. There is also evidence of nutritional ketosis regulating sirtuin expression. A low-carbohydrate (20% of energy) diet combined with ketone esters (6% w/v) has increased SIRT1 protein content in brown adipose of mice [149], and a ketogenic diet (% energy: 90 fat, 0 carbohydrate, and 10 protein) has increased SIRT3 expression in mouse liver [37].
I was looking for a quick way to test a bit of (raw) JALAPENO and came across your 90 SECOND bread. Typically, a mug version isn’t on my radar since I’ve taken up keto loaves of bread, cakes, cookies, etc., quantities of baking. BUT I am totally impressed at the texture, very English muffin, and wonderful flavor! I cut the salt to less than an 1/8th and put just a dab of butter into the mix before whisking it really well. DELICIOUS! Was very surprised to see it is a serving for 2 muffins although hubby and I split it to see about the JALAPENO spiciness (I can safely put more into the loaf I’ll be doing next). Long winded to express my thanks and appreciation for getting bread in a mug done quickly absolutely perfect!!
You are right. It’s not 2g it’s 4g per mug bread. We use 30 grams of almond flour which is 6g carbs and 1g from the egg which is 4g net carbs. I’ve corrected it. My earlier calculation was with ‘Trader Joe’s Almond Flour’. Bob’s Red Mill is what’ I’ve used now. Also almond flour = ground almonds which have 10g net carbs per 100g so we’re anyway looking at 3g net carbs for 30 grams of almond flour plus the .7g from the egg. So 4g is about right.
In 1977 and 1978, Gerald B. Phillips developed the concept that risk factors for myocardial infarction concur to form a "constellation of abnormalities" (i.e., glucose intolerance, hyperinsulinemia, hypercholesterolemia, hypertriglyceridemia, and hypertension) associated not only with heart disease, but also with aging, obesity and other clinical states. He suggested there must be an underlying linking factor, the identification of which could lead to the prevention of cardiovascular disease; he hypothesized that this factor was sex hormones.[66][67]
The longest studies/follow-ups for ketogenic diets are about 10 years long and have shown it to be safe [3, 4, 5, 6]. Studies that carefully keep people in metabolic wards to strictly monitor food intake and biomarkers are always short because they are very costly and laborious. Moreover, most participants are not able or willing to participate for a long time in a study that supervises food intake around the clock. For these reasons, these kinds of studies are always of short duration, a few weeks maximum.

I tried this recipe and it is not at all easy to incorporate 1/2 the egg whites in the food processor. When attempting to pulse just 2-3 times, only part of the egg whites incorporated, leaving 1/2 the whipped egg whites still sitting at the top of the mixture. I then had to use a spatula to force it down and pulsed 3 more times and ended up with a heavy batter because the egg whites completely fell. Then trying to fold the mixture into the rest of the egg whites was like trying to fold in cookie dough. The result was a loaf of baked eggs whites that had clumps of batter in the middle.
Ketolysis is the process of breaking down ketones to ultimately provide energy through the Krebs Cycle and mitochondrial oxidative (using oxygen) phosphorylation. Ketone bodies are broken down in the mitochondria of virtually all tissues in the body. The liver is a notable exception, being unable to utilise ketones as a fuel because liver cells lack acetyl-CoA thiolase, a key enzyme in the ketone oxidative pathway. BHB enters the mitochondria of the cell through a monocarboxylate transporter, undergoes conversion to acetoacetate by BHB dehydrogenase and then addition of a CoA group from succinyl-CoA by 3-oxo-acid transferase. The resulting acetoacetyl-CoA acts a substrate for the formation of two molecules of acetyl-CoA in a reaction catalysed by acetyl-CoA thiolase. Acetyl-CoA is then available to condense with oxaloacetate and enter the Krebs cycle.
I was a Corpsman (not a corpse-man as some recent somewhat fanatical president would say), and I can tell you many stories of Marines and Sailors who maintained restrictive diets (aka picky eaters). Most obvious was lack of sustaining energy (hypoglycemia) at mile 15 (with 80lbs of gear including a 6.5lb rifle and 200 rnds of ammo, etc.) and depletion of essential vitamins, electrolyte imbalance. They were always the first to collapse and have to hear me scold “see I told you so.” An IV of D5W usually does the trick (D is for dextrose, OMG!)
Hi Connie, I don’t recommend using whole eggs in this recipe. The two recipes are very different. The egg whites in this recipe are beaten to stiff peaks to create the fluffiness. You could fold the yolks in later, but you’d need to modify the other ingredients, and besides, the bread would turn out very egg-y. The other recipe has fewer eggs than this one, and they are added differently.
More specific to mitochondrial function, treatment with BHB + ACA (1 mM each) has decreased O2•− production in isolated rat neuronal mitochondria following glutamate exposure [109]. This occurred in conjunction with decreased NADH levels, suggesting that ketones may additionally decrease mtROS production by enhancing electron transport along the mtETC after NADH oxidation and, in turn, decreasing mitochondrial Δp and associated O2•− production. The observed decrease in mitochondrial O2•− production occurred independently of glutathione [109], but in isolated and stunned hearts from guinea pigs, treatment with 5 mM ACA increased GSH and the NADPH/NADP+ ratio [110], suggesting that glutathione may be involved to some extent.
Continue to adhere to medical advice for overall health . It’s important to work with your doctor to assess your overall risk of metabolic syndrome and related heart problems, says Ndumele. Get key markers (such as blood pressure, cholesterol, and blood sugar) checked as recommended by your doctor. If you’ve been prescribed medication for high blood pressure, high cholesterol or insulin resistance, be sure to take it as directed.
If you’re just starting the keto diet, breakfast might seem like the most challenging meal of the day. Lunches and dinners can easily be made keto by preparing recipes you already enjoy. Meals like salads, steak, salmon, and stuffed peppers are inherently low carb. But what about your favorite breakfast foods? Waffles, oatmeal, and pancakes are all off-limits.
Using a blend of almond and coconut flours, this sturdy keto bread will even hold up to freezing. Take 10 minutes to blend flours with baking powder, salt, butter, and egg whites, then bake for an easy loaf that won’t turn your kitchen upside down. Stay more Bulletproof and use grass-fed butter in this recipe — each slice will still run you just 1 net carb.
Thanks so much for this recipe – it’s a staple. I always have some in the fridge and take it with me to restaurants – no more lettuce buns! I tweaked it a bit using some other keto supplies i had on hand – 1/4 tsp xanthan gum makes it less dense, 1-2 tsp of psyllium husk makes it a bit more bready, and then a spash of avacado or coconut oil to add moister and fat. I will sometimes fold in chedder and jalapenos for added flavor boost. Again, thank you -this recipe has helped me fulfill my need for bread on this diet.
This paleo keto bread recipe makes a delicious option for coconut lovers. For a low-fuss loaf, blend coconut flour with ingredients like eggs, coconut oil, and salt — then bake away for a sturdy bread with only 1.3 net carbs per serving. Make this recipe totally nut-free (and more Bulletproof) by swapping almond milk with full-fat canned coconut milk.
The ARC exerts opposing actions on food intake responding not only to leptin and insulin, but also to gut hormones (the most studied are ghrelin and, recently, PYY). The neurophysiological pathways suggest that feeding is regulated by a feedback loop, where the hypothalamus provides the long-term regulatory input to the NTS, which acts as a setpoint (Williams et al., 2001).
The sirtuin isoforms SIRT1 [232, 233] and SIRT3 [234–236] are nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide- (NAD+) dependent deacetylases associated with longevity. Many reactions are regulated by the redox state of NAD+ and its phosphorylated form, NADP+. Among these reactions, a prominent role of reduced NADP+ (i.e., NADPH) is to support reductive biosynthesis and antioxidant defense, requiring the NADP+/NADPH ratio to be kept low [237]. In contrast, the NAD+/NADH ratio is kept high to support energy metabolism [237], thereby linking sirtuin function to bioenergetic status [238]. Although sirtuins are inhibited by high concentrations of NADH, their activity is influenced more by absolute NAD+ concentration than the NAD+/NADH ratio [238].
BMI (body mass index), an alternate measure of obesity that is used by many healthcare practitioners; it is calculated by taking: (Weight in pounds X 705) / (height in inches squared); for example: (150 pounds X 705) / (67 inches X 67 inches) = a BMI of 23.5. An adult with a BMI greater than 30 is considered obese. This calculation does not, however, describe where the excess weight is on the body.
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Hi Maria, I love your bread recipes but can’t get over the one thing, the gritty texture you get in one every couple bites due to the psyllium husk, I have tried different brands and all have it. I haven’t tried Jay Robs yet. But have you tried ground up chia seeds instead by any chance? I read somewhere to just add twice the amount of water. Thanks
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In addition to BHB inducing upregulation of antioxidant defense, ketones have direct antioxidant capacity. BHB scavenges •OH, as does ACA, although to a lesser extent [108]. The applicability of this antioxidant capacity has been investigated in vitro and in vivo in the context of hypoglycemia. In cultured hippocampal neurons, treatment with BHB or ACA decreased ROS during hypoglycemia induced through inhibition of glycolysis, and in hypoglycemic rats, infusion of BHB decreased hippocampal lipid peroxidation [108].

In the absence of acetyl CoA (several ways this can happen, including substrate shortage, as I’m describing here) we evolved a cool trick.  Our liver can make – out of fat or protein, though we much prefer to use fat so we can spare our protein and prevent severe muscle wasting – something called beta-hydroxybutyrate, one of the 3 ketone bodies I described above.

There is also exciting early research suggesting that ketosis may be beneficial for many other conditions, such as reducing the frequency and severity of migraine headaches, reversing PCOS, perhaps enhancing conventional brain cancer therapies, possibly slowing down the progression of Alzheimer’s disease, along with potentially helping people live longer, healthier lives.


You’ll need to use the dreaded E-word: exercise. But don’t freak out on me. I’m not saying you should go out and buy a treadmill or a gym membership. Rather, look for every excuse to exercise your body. Just use it whenever you can during the normal course of the day. Take the stairs instead of the elevator. Park farther from the door. Go fly a kite…on a calm day. At night, circumnavigate the couch during TV commercials.

Though the hunger-reduction phenomenon reported during ketogenic diets is well-known, the underlying molecular and cellular mechanisms remain uncertain. Ketosis has been demonstrated to exert an anorexigenic effect via cholecystokinin (CCK) release while reducing orexigenic signals e.g., via ghrelin. However, ketone bodies (KB) seem to be able to increase food intake through AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) phosphorylation, gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and the release and production of adiponectin. The aim of this review is to provide a summary of our current knowledge of the effects of ketogenic diet (KD) on food control in an effort to unify the apparently contradictory data into a coherent picture.

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Bailey, We’re so happy to hear you enjoyed this recipe! Regarding having bread fall, did you cook it for the full amount of time the recipe calls for, and did you cover the top with foil for the last 15 minutes? If so, there might be an issue with your oven’s calibration (you can get an inexpensive oven thermometer to check this). Another tip is to let your eggs come to room temperature first. Another factor is the altitude at which you’re baking; if you’re at high altitude, you might need to slightly adjust the oven temperature and bake time. The other thing to remember is that there will usually be a little bit of fall to most keto breads (in fact, every keto bread we’ve ever made) because keto flours lack gluten and are naturally quite dense; however, you can see in the photos, we still got a good rise on this loaf. I hope these tips help!
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