The other part of this plan is resistance exercise. This is important because it’s the part that focuses on building muscle. During weight loss, not all the weight lost is fat, some of it is muscle. Resistance training will ensure that you avoid the loss of muscle that usually occurs and will actually help you build muscle. You’ll be doing 3 resistance workouts per week:
^ Freeman JM, Vining EP, Pillas DJ, Pyzik PL, Casey JC, Kelly LM. The efficacy of the ketogenic diet—1998: a prospective evaluation of intervention in 150 children. Pediatrics. 1998 Dec;102(6):1358–63. doi:10.1542/peds.102.6.1358. PMID 9832569. https://web.archive.org/web/20040629224858/http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/press/1998/DECEMBER/981207.HTM Lay summary]—JHMI Office of Communications and Public Affairs. Updated 7 December 1998. Cited 6 March 2008.
You’re not just what you eat, genetics play a role, too. Before this gets too convoluted, here’s the over-arching message. Every body is different, everybody has a unique genetic makeup that dictates how their body responds to different foods, environments and activities. In short, this means that there is no one-size fits all diet or workout regiment. It’s likely your body can’t process carbohydrates the same way somebody else’s body does. Your body might process them more quickly or more slowly. The answer to a good diet lies between the intersection of genetics and diet. To find a diet tailored to your body consult a doctor and a registered dietitian. Getting your diet right makes weight loss a lot easier as your body becomes more efficient. The right diet will have you seeing results instead of set backs. With all this being said, this isn’t just about genes and diet, it’s about your behaviour. Fine tuning your diet according to your genes is just taking an extra step to optimize your health in conjunction with exercise – such as swimming.
Basically, carbohydrates are the primary source of energy production in body tissues. When the body is deprived of carbohydrates due to reducing intake to less than 50g per day, insulin secretion is significantly reduced and the body enters a catabolic state. Glycogen stores deplete, forcing the body to go through certain metabolic changes. Two metabolic processes come into action when there is low carbohydrate availability in body tissues: gluconeogenesis and ketogenesis.[4][5]
Ketone bodies synthesized in the body can be easily utilized for energy production by heart, muscle tissue, and the kidneys. Ketone bodies also can cross the blood-brain barrier to provide an alternative source of energy to the brain. RBCs and the liver do not utilize ketones due to lack of mitochondria and enzyme diaphorase respectively. Ketone body production depends on several factors such as resting basal metabolic rate (BMR), body mass index (BMI), and body fat percentage. Ketone bodies produce more adenosine triphosphate in comparison to glucose, sometimes aptly called a "super fuel." One hundred grams of acetoacetate generates 9400 grams of ATP, and 100 g of beta-hydroxybutyrate yields 10,500 grams of ATP; whereas, 100 grams of glucose produces only 8,700 grams of ATP. This allows the body to maintain efficient fuel production even during a caloric deficit. Ketone bodies also decrease free radical damage and enhance antioxidant capacity.
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I’m following the ketogenic diet and I find it very easy, pleasant and varied. I can even say that my diet today is more varied than the previous one. I do not intend to leave this diet and I cannot really see why. My initial focus was not to lose weight, I’ve always been lean, but to feel better, well disposed. And I got it! I am very pleased, I have read a lot about it (including scientific literature) and I have influenced other people who need to lose weight or improve some aspects of their health. But from the beginning I went on my own way, without the help of a nutritionist because I did not want to suffer the influence of others’ ideas.
Today I want to introduce you to Michelle Laframboise, a Pilates instructor and the creator of the online fitness and lifestyle resource Buff, Bold and Beautiful. Michelle is a STOTT certified Pilates instructor, the owner of Southern Pines Pilates who is committed to helping people improve their health and lives. She is a lifestyle and wellness coach who uses her nursing background, Pilates and Nutrition education to transform her students’ lives and help them reach their health goals.
You can have a completely smooth transition into ketosis, or…not. While your body is adapting to using ketones as your new fuel source, you may experience a range of uncomfortable short-term symptoms. These symptoms are referred to as “the keto flu.” Low-sodium levels are often to blame for symptoms keto flu, since the kidneys secrete more sodium when you’re in ketosis, says Volek. A few side effects:
Keep up electrolytes. The major electrolytes in our bodies are sodium, potassium and magnesium. Because a low carb diet (especially a keto diet!) reduces the amount of water you store, this can flush out electrolytes and make you feel sick (called “keto flu”). This is temporary, but you can avoid or eliminate it by salting your food liberally, drinking broth (especially bone broth), and eating pickled vegetables. Some people also choose to take supplements for electrolytes, but it’s best to first consult a doctor that understands and supports keto/low carb lifestyles.
Another difference between older and newer studies is that the type of patients treated with the ketogenic diet has changed over time. When first developed and used, the ketogenic diet was not a treatment of last resort; in contrast, the children in modern studies have already tried and failed a number of anticonvulsant drugs, so may be assumed to have more difficult-to-treat epilepsy. Early and modern studies also differ because the treatment protocol has changed. In older protocols, the diet was initiated with a prolonged fast, designed to lose 5–10% body weight, and heavily restricted the calorie intake. Concerns over child health and growth led to a relaxation of the diet's restrictions.[19] Fluid restriction was once a feature of the diet, but this led to increased risk of constipation and kidney stones, and is no longer considered beneficial.[18]
• Reducing appetite — Constant hunger can cause you to consume more calories than you can burn, which can eventually lead to weight gain. A ketogenic diet can help you avoid this problem because reducing carbohydrate consumption can reduce hunger symptoms. In one study, participants who were given a low-carbohydrate diet had reduced appetites, helping them lose weight easier.2
If you haven't used your gym's rowing machine, you're missing out on one of the best pieces of cardio and strength equipment. Working your quads, glutes, hamstrings, core, arms, and back, you get a total-body workout that'll have you pouring sweat. Contrary to what most people think, the power of rowing mostly comes from your legs—not your arms. Engaging your quads and glutes, you drive your legs back to pull the handle towards your chest. Follow these pro tips to perfect your rowing form.
The 20-minute fat-burner: Try this "alternating interval" fat burning exercise workout from Lance Watson, a coach of Canada's Olympic triathlon team. By alternating between levels of high resistance and those of high speed, you'll be able to work at a higher relative intensity for a longer time. Warm up, then increase the machine's resistance level until you're striding at 80 percent of your full effort. After 2 minutes, lower the resistance to the level you used during your warmup, but increase your stride rate so that you're still exercising at 80 percent of your full effort. Continue alternating between a high resistance and a fast stride every 2 minutes for a total of 20 minutes.
Today I want to introduce you to Michelle Laframboise, a Pilates instructor and the creator of the online fitness and lifestyle resource Buff, Bold and Beautiful. Michelle is a STOTT certified Pilates instructor, the owner of Southern Pines Pilates who is committed to helping people improve their health and lives. She is a lifestyle and wellness coach who uses her nursing background, Pilates and Nutrition education to transform her students’ lives and help them reach their health goals.
Vegan ketogenic diet or vegetarian diet: Yes, both are possible. Instead of animal products, plenty of low-carb, nutrient-dense vegan and/or vegetarian foods are included. Nuts, seeds, low-carb fruits and veggies, leafy greens, healthy fats and fermented foods are all excellent choices on a plant-based keto diet. There’s also a similar plan called ketotarian, which combines keto with vegetarian, vegan and/or pescatarian diets for supposedly greater health benefits.
The ketogenic diet is a medical nutrition therapy that involves participants from various disciplines. Team members include a registered paediatric dietitian who coordinates the diet programme; a paediatric neurologist who is experienced in offering the ketogenic diet; and a registered nurse who is familiar with childhood epilepsy. Additional help may come from a medical social worker who works with the family and a pharmacist who can advise on the carbohydrate content of medicines. Lastly, the parents and other caregivers must be educated in many aspects of the diet for it to be safely implemented.[5]
I actually clicked on the story just to see if they included anything about it’s use in managing chronic migraine. I have chronic migraine, basically intractable. Nothing has helped. I’ve tried medications, meditations, and everything in between including a bunch of dietary changes. Keto is my next consideration. I’m happy to hear it helped you! Thanks for sharing
The modified Atkins diet reduces seizure frequency by more than 50% in 43% of patients who try it and by more than 90% in 27% of patients.[18] Few adverse effects have been reported, though cholesterol is increased and the diet has not been studied long term.[48] Although based on a smaller data set (126 adults and children from 11 studies over five centres), these results from 2009 compare favourably with the traditional ketogenic diet.[18]
Remember, any activity that burns calories will help you shed fat all over—including around your middle. Certain swimming exercises also target your core specifically, like flutter kicks (lower abs) and butterfly kicks (obliques). In fact, a 2015 study in the Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation found that women who swam three times a week shed more fat around their waists and hips compared to those who walked three times a week.
Frank wrote this training tip 14 years ago but still coaches athletes to this day about making better food choices to achieve healthy sustainable weight loss and ultimately a change in the athlete’s lifestyle. Recently Frank completed the 14 Day Conscious Cleanse.  Stay tuned for what he learned.  To talk with Frank about your cycling and losing weight, please call 720.406.7444 or fill out a New Athlete Questionnaire to set up a Coaching Consultation.  Otherwise you can find him riding and eating healthy in Boulder, CO.
Carbohydrate facts: Simple = bad, complex = good? Carbohydrates provide energy for the body, but the health benefits they offer depend on the type of carbs we consume. Complex carbs, found in brown rice, for example, contain more nutrients than simple carbs, such as white rice. Refined carbs, such as sugary drinks, are best avoided, as their nutritional value is low. Read now
Chris Ryan, C.S.C.S., is a former Division I athlete and top fitness model who regularly appears in numerous magazines ranging from Men’s Fitness, Men’s Health, Men’s Journal, and Women’s Health. His diverse clientele includes Under Armour, Reebok, Nike, Everlast, and Cybex. After the 10,000th question about what he does to stay in shape, Chris thought it was time to put pen to paper, or finger to iPad, to share his years of fitness knowledge. Motivational and always fun, Chris is ready to help you blast through your road blocks and maximize your fitness potential. Your happy, healthy life awaits!
For recreational swimmers we suggest you start with the breaststroke or whichever stroke you’re best at performing. The routine below is assuming you’re swimming in a standard recreational pool which is 25 yards (22.86 meters). This is a very basic swimming for weight loss routine, feel free to change up your warm-ups, cool downs and of course – your main set – as you get more comfortable, faster and better in order to keep yourself challenged.
Meat – like grass-fed selections – and fresh veggies are more expensive than most processed or fast foods. What you spend on Keto-friendly foods will vary with your choices of protein source and quality. You can select less-expensive, leaner cuts of meat and fatten them up with some oil. Buying less-exotic, in-season veggies will help keep you within budget.
There is much debate about which of these ways of exercising is better for fat-burning. The consensus seems to be that interval training is more effective for fat burning, gets you fit faster, and is the most effective for fighting aging. The Journal of Applied Physiology reported that two weeks of alternate-day interval training boosted cyclists’ fat-burning ability by a whopping 36%. And the Journal of Cell Metabolism reported that high intensity interval training on bikes was the most effective way for people to fight aging – with the positive results being most pronounced in older people.
Now, there’s even evidence that a low-carb, high-fat regimen (as the keto diet is) helps you live longer, compared to a low-fat diet. In a study by the medical journal The Lancet that studied more than 135,000 adults from 18 countries, high carbohydrate intake was associated with higher risk of total mortality, whereas total fat and individual types of fat were related to lower total mortality. Total fat and types of fat were not associated with cardiovascular disease, myocardial infarction or cardiovascular disease mortality.
This was my 1st time trying pilates and I've never done yoga. I am not a flexible person and have problems with chronic joint pain. The DVD was great, I did work up a sweat and burned close to 400 calories without the impact of other workouts. I admit that I could not do each move in its fullness, but I did try. There were some moves that exacerbated my joint pain, due to the stretching, and I was sore afterwards. I am confident that the more I do this workout, the bettter my body will feel. I do feel it was a good workout. The DVD is very easy to follow.
The day before admission to hospital, the proportion of carbohydrate in the diet may be decreased and the patient begins fasting after his or her evening meal.[19] On admission, only calorie- and caffeine-free fluids[37] are allowed until dinner, which consists of "eggnog"[Note 8] restricted to one-third of the typical calories for a meal. The following breakfast and lunch are similar, and on the second day, the "eggnog" dinner is increased to two-thirds of a typical meal's caloric content. By the third day, dinner contains the full calorie quota and is a standard ketogenic meal (not "eggnog"). After a ketogenic breakfast on the fourth day, the patient is discharged. Where possible, the patient's current medicines are changed to carbohydrate-free formulations.[19]
Castro-Sánchez, A. M., Matarán-Peñarrocha, G. A., Lara-Palomo, I., Saavedra-Hernández, M., Arroyo-Morales, M., & Moreno-Lorenzo, C. (2012). Hydrotherapy for the treatment of pain in people with multiple sclerosis: a randomized controlled trial [Abstract]. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2012. Retrieved from https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ecam/2012/473963/abs/
• Fighting inflammation — The human body can use both sugar and fat as fuel sources. However, the latter is preferred because it is a cleaner, healthier fuel that releases far fewer reactive oxygen species (ROS) and secondary free radicals. By eliminating sugar from your daily food consumption, you're decreasing your risk of developing chronic inflammation throughout your body.

Swimming for weight loss is extremely efficient. Of course, it’s important to remember that – as with any exercise, coupling a healthy diet with your routine is key to weight loss. Not only does swimming help you lose weight, it burns calories intensively, and works all the major muscles in your body at once – all without stressing your body or joints. Weight loss is a journey that’s different for everybody. How and when a person loses weight largely depends on their diet, their commitment to the workout plan and often overlooked – their genetics.


A Cochrane systematic review in 2018 found and analysed eleven randomized controlled trials of ketogenic diet in people with epilepsy for whom drugs failed to control their seizures.[2] Six of the trials compared a group assigned to a ketogenic diet with a group not assigned to one. The other trials compared types of diets or ways of introducing them to make them more tolerable.[2] In the largest trial of the ketogenic diet with a non-diet control[16], nearly 38% of the children and young people had half or fewer seizures with the diet compared 6% with the group not assigned to the diet. Two large trials of the Modified Atkins Diet compared to a non-diet control had similar results, with over 50% of children having half or fewer seizures with the diet compared to around 10% in the control group.[2]
Becoming an RN and working in the ER only fueled my need to help people not only reverse their lifestyle-related illnesses, but to prevent them in the first place. My lifestyle and health coaching system was cultivated from all of these life experiences. I’m a big believer in the importance of addressing all factors in a client’s life – there are just some things that no amount of Kale is going to fix! Emotional health is equally as important as physical health – they are inter-dependent.
You’re not just what you eat, genetics play a role, too. Before this gets too convoluted, here’s the over-arching message. Every body is different, everybody has a unique genetic makeup that dictates how their body responds to different foods, environments and activities. In short, this means that there is no one-size fits all diet or workout regiment. It’s likely your body can’t process carbohydrates the same way somebody else’s body does. Your body might process them more quickly or more slowly. The answer to a good diet lies between the intersection of genetics and diet. To find a diet tailored to your body consult a doctor and a registered dietitian. Getting your diet right makes weight loss a lot easier as your body becomes more efficient. The right diet will have you seeing results instead of set backs. With all this being said, this isn’t just about genes and diet, it’s about your behaviour. Fine tuning your diet according to your genes is just taking an extra step to optimize your health in conjunction with exercise – such as swimming.
16. Sip water during your workout. Your body loses steam when it runs out of oxygen (it's why hard work leads to heavy breathing — you need all the oxygen!) Because water contains oxygen, drinking throughout your workout can help you sustain the intensity you need to maximize your caloric burn. Another awesome benefit is that water helps the lymphatic system flush fat from the system during certain movements, such as rebounding on a trampoline, according to Cohen. Bye, fat!
The keto diet also appears to help induce autophagy, which helps clear damaged cells from the body, including senescent cells that serve no functional purpose but still linger inside tissues and organs. In animal studies when rats are put on the ketogenic diet, autophagic pathways are created that reduce brain injury during and after seizures. (21)
Exercise is important to gain muscle mess, speed up your metabolism, shape up, improve your heart health, lower your rates of cancer and achieve many other health goals. But exercise is effective only as long as you can stick to it. It’s better to have 3 Pilates sessions a week (even though they are not burning as many calories) than go running once a month. If Pilates is your exercise of choice then it is an excellent way to lose weight and achieve your health goals (check out all surprising benefits of Pilates.)
I grew up with a grandmother who made her own Kombucha, always had a big cast iron pot of millet porridge on the stove and took me to the health food store for carob and licorice root for my “treats”. Until the day she was overcome with terminal cancer, she woke up every morning at 6am to practice her yoga. I have pictures of her in her 70’s with her feet behind her head!
Not just one but many studies say that adding coconut oil to your diet can help you lose weight and specifically, that stubborn belly fat. The combination of fatty acids in coconut oil have a powerful effect on your metabolism. In fact, coconut oil is said to be the world’s most weight loss friendly fat. The benefits do not end here as there are many reasons why coconut oil is the best oil for weight loss. Read more: Weight loss: Here's the DIET plan that helped this guy lose 43 kgs in 10 months!
What It Does: Stretching is a key factor for success. This is something that is so often avoided by people when they are done with their workout. Stretching helps improve circulation, which will help the body accept the changes and results that are coming, and prevents injuries, which will keep your body healthy and capable of doing that daily workout.
If the gym isn't your thing, then just dance! Zumba is a feel-good way to improve your fitness and an effective way of incorporating exercise into your daily routine. Zumba is all about loosening up and burning calories. No wonder, it has been found to help relieve stress, increase energy and improve strength. It incorporates vigourous exercise and high intensity movement which helps sculpt the body. Sanaa, the founder of Sole to Soul Academy remarks, "Shake, shake, shrink- that's our motto. Before you know it, you'll be losing tons of calories  and yet, your energy levels will be soaring! In the midst of squats, twists, multiple dance routines and upbeat music, you'll actually have fun."

A stair climber offers another popular way to burn fat and calories, but only about 500-600 calories for an 180-lb. man at a moderate pace. “Because of the higher leg lift involved, climbing stairs uses significantly more muscles than just walking—strengthening your legs in a functional way,” says Adams. The primary drawback: Stair climbers can put a lot of weight and pressure on your joints, so it can be difficult for people with bad knees.
In the mid-1990s, Hollywood producer Jim Abrahams, whose son's severe epilepsy was effectively controlled by the diet, created the Charlie Foundation to promote it. Publicity included an appearance on NBC's Dateline programme and ...First Do No Harm (1997), a made-for-television film starring Meryl Streep. The foundation sponsored a multicentre research study, the results of which—announced in 1996—marked the beginning of renewed scientific interest in the diet.[1]

Fairly recently, the diet was introduced as a weight-loss diet by an Italian professor of surgery, Dr. Gianfranco Cappello of Sapienza University in Rome. In his 2012 study, about 19,000 dieters received a high-fat liquid diet via a feeding tube inserted down the nose. The study showed an average weight loss of more than 20 pounds in participants, most of whom kept it off for at least a year. The researchers reported a few minor side effects, like fatigue.
Although many hypotheses have been put forward to explain how the ketogenic diet works, it remains a mystery. Disproven hypotheses include systemic acidosis (high levels of acid in the blood), electrolyte changes and hypoglycaemia (low blood glucose).[19] Although many biochemical changes are known to occur in the brain of a patient on the ketogenic diet, it is not known which of these has an anticonvulsant effect. The lack of understanding in this area is similar to the situation with many anticonvulsant drugs.[56]

Swimming can be done indoors or outdoors, at many fitness clubs, public pools, or YMCAs. If you do not know how to swim, adult lessons are often available at gyms or your local YMCA. Even if you learned to swim as a child, you may want to consider signing up for a class. You can learn how to more effectively work out in the pool with just a few lessons.
Bid the monotony of exercising goodbye with this ridiculously fun form of dance that blends traditional Bhangra moves with the dynamism of Bollywood beats. You can burn as much as 500 calories per class, and it can be modified to the comfort level of the participant, making it accessible to all ages. Considering your arms do all the dancing, it also strengthens the rotator cuff muscles in your shoulders. All that upper-body action shapes the shoulders, tones arms and sculpts the back. Anyone who's grown up listening to the beat of the dhol, will have their feet tapping to this intense workout.
These affect your brain and spine, as well as the nerves that link them together. Epilepsy is one, but others may be helped by a ketogenic diet as well, including Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, and sleep disorders. Scientists aren’t sure why, but it may be that the ketones your body makes when it breaks down fat for energy help protect your brain cells from damage.
Hi Maya. I LOVE your site!! Interesting, informative with fab recipes and ideas. Hubby and I have just started eating low carb and I have to say, we are not finding it too difficult and I already feel sooo much better!! I find the hardest part is choosing low carb veg, I feel as if we are not eating enough. Any suggestions on how to get more veggies into our diet?
Drink lots of water. This is especially crucial on a low carb or keto diet. Why? When you eat carbohydrates, your body stores the extra as glycogen in the liver, where they are bound to water molecules. Eating low carb depletes this glycogen, which allows you to burn fat – but it also means you are storing less water, making it easier to get dehydrated. Instead of the traditional recommendation of 8 cups of water per day, aim for 16 cups when following a low carb lifestyle.

High-intensity interval training, or HIIT, is one of the many styles you can do. Another popular one is indoor cycling, though this workout leans heavily toward cardio over strength training, Rilinger explains. She also notes that cycling requires you to use various muscles in your body—quads, hamstrings, glutes, and core, for starters—which once again translates to weight loss. "The more muscles you have to incorporate, the more calories you're going to burn because those muscles all require energy in order to work," she says. "And the more energy you use, the higher those calorie-burning numbers climb. It's all a cycle."
Eating salads can be helpful when trying to lose weight. A salad consisting of a ton of fresh vegetables and a few of your favourite fixings on top (bacon, cheese, dried cranberries, fresh fruit, cold cuts, chicken, or nuts) could be your favourite meal of the day. Top it with your favourite low-fat or fat-free dressing, and you have a fabulous low-fat, nutrient dense meal.
This process of burning fat provides more benefits than simply helping us to shed extra weight — it also helps control the release of hormones like insulin, which plays a role in development of diabetes and other health problems. When we eat carbohydrates, insulin is released as a reaction to elevated blood glucose (an increase in sugar circulating in our blood) and insulin levels rise. Insulin is a “storage hormone” that signals cells to store as much available energy as possible, initially as glycogen (aka stored carbohydrates in our muscles) and then as body fat.
A survey in 2005 of 88 paediatric neurologists in the US found that 36% regularly prescribed the diet after three or more drugs had failed, 24% occasionally prescribed the diet as a last resort, 24% had only prescribed the diet in a few rare cases, and 16% had never prescribed the diet. Several possible explanations exist for this gap between evidence and clinical practice.[34] One major factor may be the lack of adequately trained dietitians, who are needed to administer a ketogenic diet programme.[31]
• Standard ketogenic diet (SKD) — SKD is the type I typically recommend for most people, because it is very effective. It focuses on high consumption of healthy fats: As I explain in my book, "Fat for Fuel," you should aim for having 70 to 85 percent of your total daily calories to come from healthy fats. For your protein intake, the general rule of thumb is to follow the formula of 1 gram of protein for every kilogram of your lean body mass.
A staple at most gyms, treadmills are popular for good reason: They accommodate almost any fitness level and goal. If weight loss is on your list, working out on a treadmill should be, too. “Treadmills are a great way to burn calories and help with weight loss because they simulate a real-life movement: walking or running,” says Colin Westerman, a personal trainer at Rep 1 Fitness in Vancouver, B.C.
U.S. Masters Swimming encourages adults to enjoy the health, fitness, and social benefits of swimming by providing more than 2,000 adult swimming programs and events across the country, including open water and pool competitions. USMS’s nearly 65,000 members range from age 18 to 99 and include swimmers of all ability levels. The nonprofit also trains and certifies coaches and provides online workouts, a bimonthly member magazine, monthly eNewsletters, and technique articles and videos at usms.org.
People use a ketogenic diet most often to lose weight, but it can help manage certain medical conditions, like epilepsy, too. It also may help people with heart disease, certain brain diseases, and even acne, but there needs to be more research in those areas. Talk with your doctor first to find out if it’s safe for you to try a ketogenic diet, especially if you have type 1 diabetes.
If you are new to cycling or if you plan to use your bike for an extended daily commute, an electric bike (also called an e-bike) might be the perfect option for you. Brands like Trek make cycles that you ride like a standard bike, but you get a boost of assistance when you need it. For example, Trek's Super Commuter provides a comfortable upright ride with the option to use eight different speeds. If you hit a hill or need a break from strenuous pedaling, you can engage the Bosch pedal-assist system that helps you sustain speeds of up to 27 miles per hour (45 km/h).
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